ABSTRACT: Electrocardiographic criteria of preexcitation syndrome are sometimes not visible on ECG in sinus rhythm (SR). The purpose of the study was to evaluate the significance of unapparent preexcitation syndrome in SR, when overt conduction through accessory pathway (AP) was noted at atrial pacing.Methods
Anterograde conduction through atrioventricular AP was identified at electrophysiological study (EPS) in 712 patients, studied for tachycardia (n = 316), syncope (n = 89) or life-threatening arrhythmia (n = 55) or asymptomatic preexcitation syndrome (n = 252). ECG in SR at the time of EPS was analysed.Results78 patients (11%) (group I) had a normal ECG in SR and anterograde conduction over AP at atrial pacing; 634 (group II) had overt preexcitation in SR. Group I was as frequently asymptomatic (35%) as group II (35%), had as frequently tachycardias, syncope or life-threatening arrhythmia as group II (43, 5, 2% vs 43, 13, 8%). AP was more frequently left lateral in group I (57%) than in group II (36%)(p < 0.001). AV re-entrant tachycardia, atrial fibrillation (AF), antidromic tachycardia were induced as frequently in group I (54, 18, 10%) as in group II (54, 27, 7%). Malignant forms (induced AF with RR intervals between preexcited beats < 250 ms in control state or < 200 ms after isoproterenol) were as frequent in group I (11.5%) as II (14%).Conclusions
The frequency of unapparent preexcitation syndrome represents 11% of our population with anterograde conduction through an AP and could be underestimated. The risk to have a malignant form is as high as in patients with overt preexcitation syndrome in SR.Research highlights► 11% of patients with conduction through accessory pathway had unapparent preexcitation syndrome. ► It is recommended repeating the ECG recordings in subjects who practice sports. ► Do not hesitate to indicate electrophysiological study in a patient who complains of tachycardia.
International journal of cardiology 06/2011; · 7.08 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: Atrioventricular reentrant tachycardia (AVRT) is frequent in Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome (WPW). Atrial fibrillation (AF) is rare. The purpose of the study was to determine the factors of spontaneous AF in WPW according to the initial presentation.
Electrophysiological study (EPS) was performed among 709 patients with a preexcitation syndrome. First event was AF in 44 patients. Remaining patients were studied for AVRT (314), syncope (94), adverse presentation without AF (9) or systematically (248 asymptomatic patients). Patients with AF were older than other patients (44 ± 16 years vs 34.5 ± 17) (0.0003); maximal rate conducted over accessory pathway (AP) was higher in patients with AF than in other patients except in adverse presentation (0.0002); AVRT was induced more frequently in patients with AF than in asymptomatic patients (57% vs 14.5%) but less than in patients with AVRT (89%). AF was induced more frequently in patients with AF than in other patients except in adverse presentation (<0.0001). During follow-up AF occurred more frequently in patients with AF (5; 11%) than in patients with AVRT (7; 2%), with syncope (1%) and asymptomatic patients (4; 1.6%). Older age predicted recurrence (54 ± 16 vs 40 ± 17).
AF was the first event in only 6% of patients with WPW and was a rare event in other patients. They are older but 10% are less than 18 years and have a more rapid conduction over AP than other patients.
International journal of cardiology 01/2011; 157(3):359-63. · 7.08 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: The results of programmed ventricular stimulation (PVS) may change after myocardial infarction (MI). The objective was to study the factors that could predict the results of a second PVS.
Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and QRS duration were determined and PVS performed within 3 to 14 years of one another (mean 7.5+/-5) in 50 patients studied systematically between 1 and 3 months after acute MI.
QRS duration increased from 120+/-23 ms to 132+/-29 (p 0.04). LVEF did not decrease significantly (36+/-12 % vs 37+/-13 %). Ventricular tachycardia with cycle length (CL) > 220ms (VT) was induced in 11 patients at PVS 1, who had inducible VT with a CL > 220 ms (8) or < 220 ms (ventricular flutter, VFl) (3) at PVS 2. VFl or fibrillation (VF) was induced in 14 patients at PVS 1 and remained inducible in 5; 5 patients had inducible VT and 4 had a negative 2nd PVS. 2. 25 patients had initially negative PVS; 7 had secondarily inducible VT, 4 a VFl/VF, 14 a negative PVS. Changes of PVS were related to initially increasing QRS duration and secondarily changes in LVEF and revascularization but not to the number of extrastimuli required to induce VFl.
In patients without induced VT at first study, changes of PVS are possible during the life. Patients with initially long QRS duration and those who developed decreased LVEF are more at risk to have inducible monomorphic VT at 2nd study, than other patients.
Indian pacing and electrophysiology journal 01/2010; 10(4):162-72.