Gai-Ping Wang

Henan Normal University, Henan’an, Guangdong, China

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Publications (7)11.46 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Liver regeneration after partial hepatectomy is a process with various types of cells involved. The role of Kupffer cells (KCs) in liver regeneration is still controversial. In this study we isolated KCs from regenerating liver and conducted cell-specific microarray analysis. The results demonstrated that the controversial role of KCs in liver regeneration could be explained with the expression patterns of TGF-α, IL-6, TNF, and possibly IL-18 during liver regeneration. IL-18 may play an important role in negative regulation of liver regeneration. The functional profiles of gene expression in KCs also indicated that KC signaling might play a negative role in cell proliferation: signaling genes were down regulated before cell division. Immune response genes in KCs were also down regulated during liver regeneration, demonstrating similar expression profiles to that of hepatocytes. The expression patterns of key genes in these functional categories were consistent with the temporal functional profiles.
    Journal of Cellular Biochemistry 09/2011; 113(1):229-37. · 3.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Rat liver regeneration after partial hepatectomy (PH) is a good model to study the regulation of cell proliferation. We isolated hepatocytes from regenerating liver at different time points after PH and used microarray Rat Genome 230 2.0 chip to analyze the functional profiles of all up- or down-regulated genes manually and with automatic gene ontological tools. We found that the transcript expressions of PH and sham operation group were apparently different. For PH group, in the priming phase (2-12  h), signaling, transcription, response to stimulus genes predominated in up-regulated genes; in the proliferation phase (24-72 h), cell proliferation genes predominated; in the termination phase (120-168  h), differentiation and translation genes predominated; while metabolism genes predominated in the down-regulated genes at all time points (2-168  h). These functional profiles are consistent with the cellular and molecular phenomenon observed during liver regeneration, and can be closely connected with the biological process. Moreover, the results indicated that not only the quantity of specific genes but also the number of the genes in the specific functional category was regulated during liver regeneration, which means the number of similar genes in a specific functional category matters as well as the regulation of the genes. The changes of the number of the regulated cell proliferation genes and metabolism genes during liver regeneration were similar to the expression patterns of some cell division genes and metabolism genes.
    Journal of Cellular Biochemistry 07/2011; 112(11):3194-205. · 3.06 Impact Factor
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    Gai-Ping Wang, Cun-Shuan Xu
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    ABSTRACT: Rapidly proliferating tissue may require enhanced DNA repair capacity in order to avoid fixation of promutagenic DNA lesions to mutations. Partial hepatectomy (PH) triggers cell proliferation during liver regeneration (LR). However, little is known on how DNA repair genes change and how they are regulated at the transcriptional level during LR. In the present study, the Rat Genome 230 2.0 array was used to detect the expression profiles of DNA repair genes during LR, and differential expression of selected genes was confirmed by real-time RT-PCR. 69 DNA repair genes were found to be associated with LR, more than half of which distributed in a cluster characterized by a gradual increase at 24-72h and then returning to normal. The expression of base excision repair- and transcription-coupled repair-related genes was enhanced in the early and intermediate phases of LR, whereas the expression of genes related to HR, NHEJ and DNA cross-link repair, as well as DNA polymerases and related accessory factors, and editing or processing nucleases, were mainly enhanced in the intermediate phase. The expression changes of genes in DNA damage response were complicated throughout the whole LR. Our data also suggest that the expression of most DNA repair genes may be regulated by the cell cycle during LR.
    Genetics and Molecular Biology 04/2011; 34(2):304-9. · 0.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Liver regeneration (LR) after partial hepatectomy (PH) requires the coordinate contribution of different cell types. Liver sinusoidal endothelial cells (LSECs), representing the largest population of nonparenchymal cells, are proven to be crucial in LR. However, the details about their implications in regeneration are not still clear. In this study, percoll density centrifugation and immunomagentic bead methods were used to isolate LSECs with high purity and yield; global transcriptional profiles of LSECs during the regeneration were investigated by microarray. 1,629 genes were identified to be LR-related. Among them, there were 833 known genes whose expression patterns were clustered into eight classes. Gene function enrichment analysis showed that genes involved in the major LSEC functions, i.e., coagulation, phagocytosis, and transport, were highly enriched in cluster characterized by rapid induction and gradual return, suggesting the quick reestablishment of LSEC function after PH. Genes in immunity/inflammation and defense response were enriched in clusters exhibiting transient downregulation and quick recovery, possibly being associated with suppression of immunity/inflammation pathway in LSECs at early phase. Genes in glycogen synthesis and glycolysis were enriched in the clusters marked by "significant increase and gradual return" and "slight increase and then downregulation", implying an enhanced carbohydrate metabolism at early phase; detoxification-related genes were markedly distributed in the cluster with feature of rapid increase and then reduction, which was helpful in eliminating waste substance. Taken together, the measurement of gene expression profiling of LSECs and expression pattern analysis of functionally categorized genes gave insight into the mechanism of action of this cell on LR.
    Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 01/2011; 350(1-2):215-27. · 2.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To explore the transcription profiles of serine family amino acid metabolism-related genes in eight liver cell types during rat liver regeneration (LR), eight types of rat regenerating liver cells were isolated using the combination of percoll density gradient centrifugation and immunomagnetic bead methods. Then, the expression profiles of the genes associated with metabolism of serine family amino acid in rat liver regeneration were detected by Rat Genome 230 2.0 Array. The expression patterns of these genes were analyzed through the software of Cluster and Treeview. The activities of serine family amino acid metabolism were analyzed by the methods of bioinformatics and systems biology. The results showed that 27 genes were significantly expressed. Among them, the numbers of genes showing significant expression changes in hepatocytes, biliary epithelial cells, oval cells, hepatic stellate cells, sinusoidal endothelial cells, Kupffer cells, pit cells and dendritic cells were 13, 16, 11, 14, 13, 11, 12, and 14, respectively. The numbers of up-, down-, and up-/down-regulated genes in corresponding cells were 7, 6, and 0; 2, 10, and 4; 2, 8, and 1; 8, 3, and 3; 6, 5, and 2; 4, 6, and 1; 2, 10, and 0; and 6, 6, and 2. Overall, the genes in the eight types of cells were mostly down-regulated during liver regeneration, but most LR-related genes in hepatic stellate cells and sinusoidal endothelial cells were up-regulated in priming phase. It is suggested that biosynthesis of serine family amino acid was enhanced in hepatocytes, hepatic stellate cells, sinusoidal endothelial cells and Kupffer cells in the priming phase. The catabolism of them was enhanced in hepatocytes, biliary epithelial cells, pit cells and dendritic cells in progressive phase.
    Hereditas (Beijing) 08/2010; 32(8):829-38.
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    Gai-Ping Wang, Cun-Shuan Xu
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    ABSTRACT: Kazal-type serine protease inhibitor is one of the most important and widely distributed protease inhibitor families. Pancreatic secretory trypsin inhibitor (PSTI), also known as serine protease inhibitor Kazal type I(SPINK1), binds rapidly to trypsin, inhibits its activity and is likely to protect the pancreas from prematurely activated trypsinogen. Therefore, it is an important factor in the onset of pancreatitis. Recent studies found that PSTI/SPINK1 is also involved in self-regulation of acinar cell phagocytosis, proliferation and growth of a variety of cell lines. In addition, it takes part in the response to inflammatory factor or injury and is highly related to adult type II citrullinemia.
    World journal of gastrointestinal pathophysiology. 06/2010; 1(2):85-90.
  • Gai-Ping Wang, Cun-Shuan Xu
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    ABSTRACT: Liver regeneration (LR) is a process during which the liver recovers its mass and function after damage due to various causes such as partial hepatectomy (PH). It involves a sequence of well-orchestrated changes in physiological and biochemical activities, especially in the gene expression profile in a variety of liver cells. In order to produce reliable gene expression of target genes in eight kinds of rat hepatic cells during LR, the determination of internal control housekeeping genes (HKGs) is required. Eight kinds of hepatic cells were first isolated from liver tissue with high purity and activity. Then quantitative real-time reverse transcription (RT)-PCR was applied to detect expression changes of six commonly used HKGs (18SrRNA, B2M, ACTB, UBC, GAPDH, and HK1) in eight types of hepatic cells isolated from regenerating liver at 0, 2, 6, 12, 24, 30, 36, 72, 120, and 168 h after PH. The amplification of the HKGs was statistically analyzed by using geNorm algorithm. Using this method, 18SrRNA-UBC, ACTB-HK1, ACTB-GADPH, B2M-ACTB, 18SrRNA-UBC, B2M-UBC, B2M-ACTB, and B2M-UBC were found to be the two most stable reference genes for rat regenerating hepatocytes, hepatic stellate cells, Kupffer cells, biliary epithelial cells, sinusoidal endothelial cells, pit cells, dendritic cells, and oval cells, respectively, regardless of the stages of LR. In conclusion, this study has laid a good foundation for investigating gene expression of target genes in different types of hepatic cells during LR.
    Molecular Biotechnology 03/2010; 46(1):49-57. · 2.26 Impact Factor