[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Bovine BSP5 is a multifunctional protein primarily involved in sperm capacitation. BSP5 consists of long N-terminal part followed by two similar and highly conserved fibronectin type II domains designated A and B.
In order to assess the role of these domains in the sperm binding and capacitation processes, we created recombinant individual domains (N, A, B), series of overlapping domains (NA and AB) and full-length BSP5 in an Escherichia coli expression system. The recombinant constructs were also tested for their ability to interact with ligands such as gelatine, heparin, chondroitin sulphate B and phosphatidylcholine liposomes by affinity chromatography and co-sedimentation studies.
With the exception of the N domain, all recombinant constructs retained gelatine, phosphatidylcholine, heparin and chondroitin sulphate B binding activities. Domain-wise studies showed clearly that AB domain is capable of performing its biological functions as well as the full-length protein, as it was able to potentiate heparin-mediated sperm capacitation.
These results indicate that the C-terminal domain composed of two Fn2 domains is sufficient and crucial to maintain the biological functions of BSP proteins. The N-terminal part of the protein did not bind to any of known BSP5-ligands including epididymal sperm and did not seem to be required for either sperm binding or sperm capacitation. This study also confirmed that glycosylation is not required for BSP-mediated sperm capacitation or any of the binding characteristics displayed by BSP5.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Bovine BSP5 belongs to the Binder of SPerm (BSP) family. BSP5 plays a role in the bovine sperm capacitation by promoting cholesterol and phospholipid efflux. The variable N-terminal part in the BSP proteins is the uncharacterized region with no known function. Full-length, N-terminal part, and individual fibronectin type II domains of bovine BSP5 were cloned, expressed and purified from Escherichia coli. His-S tagged N-terminal part showed large variation in migration on SDS-PAGE in comparison to other constructs. Using mass spectrometry it was demonstrated that the His-S-N-terminal part has the expected molecular mass (13 kDa). The recombinant N-terminal part was sensitive to E. coli endogenous proteases during purification. Denaturing purification involving boiling lysis of cells was carried out, as the protein was thermostable. The His-S-N-terminal part lacked structure as determined by CD analysis. Bioinformatics analyses confirmed that the N-terminal part of bovine BSP5 is intrinsically disordered. In addition, bioinformatics analysis indicated that rabbit BSP and multiple forms of BSP proteins of bovine and equine species possess partially or completely disordered N-terminus. The conservation of disorder at the N-terminus in BSP members belonging to different species suggests a role in biological process such as sperm capacitation and/or sperm-egg interactions.
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 03/2010; 394(4):1036-41. DOI:10.1016/j.bbrc.2010.03.118 · 2.30 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: BSP proteins and their homologs are a family of structurally related proteins characterized by the presence of tandem fibronectin type II domains. In the bovine species, BSP proteins were shown to be involved in sperm capacitation, a posttesticular maturation event necessary for sperm to acquire the ability to fertilize an oocyte. Recently, many new genes from this family have been discovered in numerous mammalian species. However, inconsistency in the nomenclature is creating much confusion. In light of the rapid growth of the BSP superfamily of proteins, we propose a new nomenclature in collaboration with the HUGO Gene Nomenclature Committee.
Biology of Reproduction 11/2008; 80(3):394-7. DOI:10.1095/biolreprod.108.074088 · 3.32 Impact Factor