[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Brain/kidney (B/K) protein is a novel double C2-like-domain protein that is highly expressed in rat brain and kidney, but its cellular localization and functional role in the kidney are still undetermined. We examined the cellular localization of B/K protein in the rat kidney under normal and ischemic conditions. Ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury was induced by clamping both renal arteries for 45 min, and animals were killed at 1 and 6 h and 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 14, and 28 days after the reperfusion. Kidney tissues were processed for immunohistochemistry and immunoblot analyses using rabbit anti-B/K polyclonal antibodies. In control kidneys, B/K protein was expressed primarily in distal tubules including the thick ascending limb, distal convoluted and connecting tubules, and collecting duct. Notably, B/K protein was also expressed in the straight portion (S3 segment), but not in the S1 or S2, of proximal tubules, and podocytes of the glomerulus. In rat kidneys with I/R injury, expression of B/K protein was differentially regulated according to the anatomic location. In distal tubules, overall expression of B/K protein was markedly decreased. On the other hand, I/R injury significantly increased B/K protein expression in the S3 segment of the outer medulla as well as in the rat proximal tubular epithelial cell line NRK-52E in vitro. Furthermore, B/K protein was strongly expressed in many exfoliated cells in the lumen and urine. These findings suggest that B/K protein is closely associated with cell death in proximal tubules, which are vulnerable to I/R injury in the kidney.
American journal of physiology. Renal physiology 02/2007; 292(1):F100-6. · 3.61 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: B/K protein is a newly identified member of double C2-like domain protein family. We examined the expression of B/K protein in the hippocampus of kainate-induced rat seizure model. Intraperitoneal injection of kainate increased the immunoreactivity to B/K protein in the CA1 to CA3 of the hippocampus. B/K protein expression began to increase at 6 h, reached the maximum at 12 h, and then returned nearly to the normal level at 72 h after the injection of kainate (12 mg/kg), and it was also dependent on the dose of kainate between 4 and 16 mg/kg. In electron microscopic and subcellular fractionation studies, B/K protein was localized in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) of the hippocampus. Kainate also induced the expression of BiP, a typical ER stress marker protein, in the hippocampus and the cortex, and it was coexpressed with B/K protein. Moreover, thapsigargin-induced ER stress caused upregulation of B/K protein expression in PC12 cells. In conclusion, our data showing the induction of both B/K protein expression and ER stress response in the hippocampus of kainate seizure model, and ER-specific expression and ER stress-induced expression of B/K strongly suggest the possible role of B/K protein in epileptogenesis or epilepsy-induced neuronal damage.
Brain Research 04/2004; 999(2):203-11. · 2.88 Impact Factor