ABSTRACT: To verify the rate of diagnostic fitting between the clinic and the indentification-aided for diagnosis and differential diagnosis system, for emerging infections diseases (EID) established.
314 cases of 49 kinds of contagious diseases diagnosed and another 186 patients with fever who not diagnosed were tested by the system.
Preliminary verification was made in 314 cases diagnosed which classified to 49 kinds of contagious diseases of infectious diseases and the results showed that the coincidence rate of clinical diagnosis and first diagnosis of this system was 61.9%; the suggestive rate of first three diagnoses was 78.1%, and that of first five diagnoses was 86.6%. The diagnosis of another 186 patients with fever were diagnosed by the system and the results showed that the coincidence rate of clinical diagnosis and first diagnosis was 59.7%; the suggestive rate of first three diagnoses was 77.9%, and that of first five diagnoses was 85.4%.
The system can accurately suggest impossible diagnosis and differential diagnosis, and be useful for our medical work.
Zhonghua shi yan he lin chuang bing du xue za zhi = Zhonghua shiyan he linchuang bingduxue zazhi = Chinese journal of experimental and clinical virology 11/2008; 22(5):362-3.
ABSTRACT: To compare and analyze the accuracy of two diagnostic criteria of drug-induced liver injuries.
230 cases of drug-induced liver injury diagnosed clinically in the 302 hospital of PLA were retrospectively studied. The drugs which induced liver injuries were summarized and analyzed. Danan's international consensus criteria and Maria's diagnostic scale were applied to diagnose these 230 cases again and then the differences of diagnostic results were analyzed and compared.
The drugs which induced liver injuries in the 230 patients were arranged in order of their usage frequencies: traditional Chinese herbs and the like, antibiotics, antipyretic analgesics, antituberculosis medicines, cardiovascular drugs, over-the-counter health stuff, psychopharmaceuticals, dermatological agents, drug for diabetes, tapazol, and others. Based on the 230 adult inpatients with drug-induced liver injury, according to Danan's international consensus criteria, 149 cases (64.8%), 71 (30.9%) and 10 (4.3%) were classified as drug-related, indeterminate and drug-unrelated respectively; according to Maria's diagnostic scale, not one was a definite drug-induced liver injury, 55 cases (23.9%) were probable, while 126 (54.8%), 33 (14.3%) and 16 (7.0%) were possible, unlikely and excluded respectively.
The accordance rate of Danan's international consensus criteria and clinical diagnosis was higher than that of Maria's diagnostic scale. Neverthelessìthe current diagnostic methods for drug-induced liver injury need to be revised for clinical practice.
Zhonghua gan zang bing za zhi = Zhonghua ganzangbing zazhi = Chinese journal of hepatology 01/2008; 15(12):926-9.
ABSTRACT: To evaluate the efficacy of gene delivery to the right lateral lobe of liver via a branch of the bile duct.
Twenty LEW rats underwent intraperitoneal injection of D-galactosamine to establish acute liver damage models and were randomly divided into 5 groups to undergo ligation of the common bile duct and left bile duct 4, 5, 6, or 7 days after the acute liver damage. Non-viral vector gene compound, polylysine-molossin/pGL3 containing firefly luciferin gene or CMVbeta containing beta-galactosidase of Escherichia coli/fusogenic) was injected in to the right lateral lobes 2 and 3 via the branch of right bile duct. Four rats without injection of D-galactosamine but undergoing injection of polylysine-molossin/pGL3 or CMVbeta/fusogenic were used as normal controls. Twenty-four hours after the regional gene delivery the rats were killed. The expressions of luciferin and beta-galactosidase in different lobes were detected. Pathological examination of liver was conducted.
All rats survived after the operation. The expression levels of luciferin in the liver on the days 4, 5, and 6 were all significantly higher than that of the normal control rats (all P < 0.05). The expression levels of luciferin in the liver on the day 7 was the highest compared with the normal control rats (P = 0.01). However, the level of luciferin in the liver on the day 9 was lower and not significantly different from that of the normal rats (P > 0.05). Scattered distribution of beta-galactosidase was seen in the lobe 2 of the rats with acute liver damage. The levels of alanine transaminase and aspartate aminotransferase were slightly increased and the albumin level was slightly decreased in the rats with acute liver damage on the days 4 and 7, however, these biochemical indexes were not significantly correlated with the gene expression. There was no obvious histological difference between the lobes 2 and 3 and lobe 1.
Gene delivery with peptide/DNA complexes shows a good expression in the acute damaged liver without aggravating the liver damage, thus providing a technical platform for the experimental research of liver gene therapy.
Zhonghua yi xue za zhi 01/2008; 88(2):131-4.
ABSTRACT: To explore the pathological features and pathogenesis of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) to provide evidence for the clinical treatment and prevention of SARS.
Pathological features of 2 cases of full autopsy and 4 cases of needle biopsy tissue samples from the patients who died from SARS were studied by light and electron microscopy. The distribution and quantity of lymphocyte subpopulations in the lungs and immune organs from SARS patients were analyzed by immunohistochemistry. The location and semi-quantitative analysis of SARS coronavirus in the tissue specimens were studied by electron microscopy, in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry.
In total of 6 cases, diffuse alveolar damage and alveolar cell proliferation were common. The major pathological changes of 2 autopsy cases of SARS in lung tissues were acute pulmonary interstitial and alveolar exudative inflammation, and 2 autopsy and one biopsy lung tissues showed alveolar hyaline membrane formation. Terminal bronchiolar and alveolar desquamation of lung tissues in one autopsy and 2 biopsy cases were noted. Among 6 cases, 2 biopsy cases presented early pulmonary fibrosis and alveolar organization. Meanwhile, the immune organs, including lymph nodes and spleens from 2 autopsy cases of SARS whose disease courses were less than 12 days showed extensive hemorrhagic necrosis, reactive macrophage/histocyte proliferation, with relative depression of mononuclear and granulocytic clones in the bone marrows. However, spleen and bone marrow biopsy tissue samples from 4 dead SARS cases whose clinical course lasted from 21 to 40 days presented repairing changes. SARS coronaviruses were mainly identified in type I and II alveolar epithelia, macrophages, and endothelia; meanwhile, some renal tubular epithelial cells, cardiomyocytes, mucosal and crypt epithelial cells of gastrointestinal tracts, parenchymal cells in adrenal glands, lymphocytes, testicular epithelial cells and Leydig's cells were also detected by electron microscopy combined with in situ hybridization. The semi-quantitative analysis of lymphocyte subpopulations revealed that the proportion of CD8+ T lymphocytes were about 80% of the total infiltrative inflammatory cells in the pulmonary interstitium, with a few CD4+ lymphocytes CD3+, CD4+, CD8+ or CD20+ lymphocyte subpopulations were obviously decreased and there was imbalance in number and proportion, while CD57+, CD68+, S-100+ and HLA-DR+ cells were relatively increased in lymph nodes and spleens.
Histologically, the pulmonary changes could be divided into acute inflammatory exudative, terminal bronchiolar and alveolar desquamative and proliferative repair stages or types during the pathological process of SARS. SARS coronavirus was found in multi-target cells in vivo, which means that SARS coronavirus might cause multi-organ damages which were predominant in lungs. There were varying degrees of decrease and imbalance in number and proportion of lymphocyte subpopulations in the immune organs of the patients with SARS. However, these changes may be reversible. It was found that cellular immune responses were predominant in the lungs of SARS cases, which might play an important role in getting rid of coronaviruses in infected cells and inducing immune mediated injury.
Zhonghua shi yan he lin chuang bing du xue za zhi = Zhonghua shiyan he linchuang bingduxue zazhi = Chinese journal of experimental and clinical virology 10/2003; 17(3):217-21.
ABSTRACT: To screen and clone the genes of proteins in hepatocytes interacting with hepatitis B virus (HBV) PreS2 by yeast-two hybridization technique.
The HBV PreS2 gene was amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and HBV PreS2 bait plasmid was constructed by using yeast-two hybridization system 3, then transformed into yeast AH109, followed by mating with yeast Y187 containing liver cDNA library plasmid in 2 YPDA medium. Diploid yeast was plated on synthetic dropout nutrient medium (SD/-Trp-Leu-Ade-His) and synthetic dropout nutrient medium (SD/-Trp-Leu-Ade-His) containing X-alpha-gal for selecting positive blue clones, then amplified by PCR, sequenced, and performed bioinformatics analysis.
HBV PreS2 gene was cloned successfully and expressed in yeast AH109.Twenty-six positive colonies were selected, among them, twelve containing metallothionein 2A, one cytochrome C oxidase II, two cytochrome P450 subfamily IV4F, two cytochrome c oxidase subunit 4 isoform 1, three albumin (ALB), one Na(+)K(+) transporting ATPase beta-1 polypeptide, two prealbumin, one lectin galactoside-binding subunit, and Two new genes with unknown function.
Genes of HBV PreS2 interacting proteins have been successfully cloned, which brings some new clues for studying the biological functions of HBV PreS2 and related proteins.
Zhonghua gan zang bing za zhi = Zhonghua ganzangbing zazhi = Chinese journal of hepatology 02/2003; 11(1):8-10.