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Publications (3)9.24 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Apoptosis of vascular endothelial cells results in the loss of endothelial integrity, and is a risk factor of atherosclerosis (AS). Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulates inflammation during AS. The current study examined the effect of a potent water-soluble antioxidant, protocatechuic aldehyde (PCA; derived from the Chinese herb Salvia miltiorrhiza) on apoptosis in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) stimulated with LPS. The LPS (15 µg/ml) stimulation for 30 h resulted in significant HUVEC apoptosis, as detected by Hoechst 33258 staining and Annexin V analysis. The PCA (0.25-1.0 mmol/L, 12 h) inhibited LPS-induced HUVEC apoptosis in a dose-dependent manner. Lipopolysaccharide induced caspase-3 activation, but had no significant effect on caspase-2, Bcl-2/Bax, cytochrome c, caspase-9 and granzyme B expression. Protocatechuic aldehyde (0.25-1.0 mmol/L) significantly inhibited caspase-3 activation in a dose-dependent manner. A specific caspase-3 inhibitor also protected against LPS-induced apoptosis; however, no cooperative effect of PCA and the inhibitor was observed in this study. Collectively, these results indicate that PCA inhibits LPS-induced apoptosis in HUVECs through a mechanism that involves caspase-3. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    Phytotherapy Research 09/2012; 26(9):1334-41. DOI:10.1002/ptr.3720 · 2.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This article has been withdrawn at the request of the authors. The Publisher apologizes for any inconvenience this may cause. The full Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal can be found at
    European journal of pharmacology 08/2008; DOI:10.1016/j.ejphar.2008.07.026 · 2.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Oxidative stress caused by dopamine may play an important role in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease. Salvianolic acid B is an antioxidant derived from the Chinese herb, Salvia miltiorrhiza. In this study, we investigated the neuroprotective effect of salvianolic acid B against 6-hydroxydopamine-induced cell death in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells. Pretreatment of SH-SY5Y cells with salvianolic acid B significantly reduced 6-hydroxydopamine-induced generation of reactive oxygen species, and prevented 6-hydroxydopamine-induced increases in intracellular calcium. Our data demonstrated that 6-hydroxydopamine-induced apoptosis was reversed by salvianolic acid B treatment. Salvianolic acid B reduced the 6-hydroxydopamine-induced increase of caspase-3 activity, and reduced cytochrome C translocation into the cytosol from mitochondria. The 6-hydroxydopamine-induced decrease in the Bcl-x/Bax ratio was prevented by salvianolic acid B. Additionally, salvianolic acid B decreased the activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase and induced the activation of 6-hydroxydopamine-suppressed protein kinase C. These results indicate that the protective function of salvianolic acid B is dependent upon its antioxidative potential. Our results strongly suggest that salvianolic acid B may be effective in treating neurodegenerative diseases associated with oxidative stress.
    The International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology 02/2008; 40(3):409-22. DOI:10.1016/j.biocel.2007.08.005 · 4.05 Impact Factor