[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: GGGGCC repeat expansions in the C9orf72 gene have been identified as a major contributing factor in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal dementia (FTD). Given the overlapping of clinical phenotypes and pathological characteristics between these two diseases and Alzheimer's disease (AD), Parkinson's disease (PD), and essential tremor (ET), we speculated regarding whether C9orf72 repeat expansions also play a major role in these three diseases. Using the repeat-primed polymerase chain reaction method, we screened for C9orf72 in three groups of patients with PD (n = 911), AD (n = 279), and ET (n = 152) in the Chinese Han population. There were no pathogenic repeats (>30 repeats) detected in either the patients or controls (n = 314), which indicated that the pathogenic expansions of C9orf72 might be rare in these three diseases. However, the analysis of the association between the number of repeats (p = 0.001), short/intermediate genotype (short: <7 repeats; intermediate: ≥7 repeats) (odds ratio 1.37 [1.05, 1.79]), intermediate/intermediate genotype (Odds ratio 2.03 [1.17, 3.54]), and PD risks indicated that intermediate repeat alleles could act as contributors to PD. To the best of our knowledge, this study is the first to reveal the correlation between C9orf72 and Chinese PD, AD, or ET patients. Additionally, the results of this study suggest the novel idea that the intermediate repeat allele in C9orf72 is most likely a risk factor for PD.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Post-translational modification by SUMO was proposed to modulate the pathogenesis of several neurodegenerative diseases. Spinocerebellar ataxia type 3/Machado-Joseph disease (SCA3/MJD) is an autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disease caused by polyQ-expanded ataxin-3. We have previously shown that ataxin-3 was a new target of SUMOylation in vitro and in vivo. Here we identified that the major SUMO-1 binding site was located on lysine 166. SUMOylation did not influence the subcellular localization, ubiquitination or aggregates formation of mutant-type ataxin-3, but partially increased its stability and the cell apoptosis. Our findings revealed the role of ataxin-3 SUMOylation in SCA3/MJD pathogenesis.
PLoS ONE 01/2013; 8(1):e54214. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0054214 · 3.23 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To compare the axonal transport of wild-type (WT) and K141N mutant HSP22 in transfected primary cultured cortical neurons.
The plasmid (pCAGGS-HA-wtHSP22 or pCAGGS-HA-K141NHSP22) with WT or K141N mutant HSP22 gene and a GFP-expressing plasmid (pEGFP-N1) were co-transfected respectively into primary cultured cortical neurons. The axonal transport of WT and K141N mutant HSP22 was observed. And the distance traveled by WT and K141N mutant HSP22 was analyzed.
The WT HSP22 was transported within axons and uniformly present throughout the entire length of axons. K141N mutant HSP22 failed to be transported to the same extent and was present only in cell body and proximal portion of axons. Analysis of distance traveled revealed that WT HSP22 traveled significantly further than the K141N mutant HSP22.
The axonal transport of K141N mutant HSP22 may play an important role in the pathogenesis of CMT2L.
Zhonghua yi xue za zhi 02/2012; 92(7):496-8. DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0376-2491.2012.07.017
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To assist the establishment of platform and provide the reference standard for mutation detection in spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA) subtypes 1, 2, 3, 6, 7, 8, 10, 12, 17 and dentatorubral-pallidoluysian atrophy (DRPLA) in Chinese Han population.
The nucleotide repeat numbers of the 9 SCA subtypes and DRPLA were detected using fluorescence-PCR and capillary gel electrophoresis technique in 300 healthy Chinese Han individuals.
Among the 300 healthy controls, the range of the CAG trinucleotide repeat number was 17 to 35 in SCA1, 14-28 in SCA2, 13-41 in SCA3/MJD, 4-16 in SCA6, 5-17 in SCA7, 5-21 in SCA12, 23-41 in SCA17, and 12-33 in DRPLA; and the range of CTA/CTG trinucleotide repeat number on SCA8 locus was 12-43 and the range of ATTCT pentanucleotide repeat number on SCA10 locus was 9-32. Of which, the 12 CTA/CTG repeats of SCA8, 9 ATTCT repeats of SCA10, 23 CAG repeats of SCA17 were the shortest normal repeat number, while the 41 CAG repeats of SCA3/MJD, 32 CAG repeats of SCA10 were the largest normal number that have not been reported.
The normal ranges of polynucleotide repeats of different subtypes of SCA vary with geographical areas and ethnicities. It might be associated with the genetic and ethnic backgrounds. This is the first normal reference standard of polynucleotide repeat number of these ten SCA subtypes in Chinese Han.
Zhonghua yi xue yi chuan xue za zhi = Zhonghua yixue yichuanxue zazhi = Chinese journal of medical genetics 10/2010; 27(5):501-5. DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.1003-9406.2010.05.006
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Hereditary spastic paraplegia with thin corpus callosum (HSP-TCC) is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous neurodegenerative disorder with genetic linkage to multi-loci. Recently pathogenic mutations in the KIAA1840 (now named SPG11) for SPG11, the major HSP-TCC locus, were identified; at least 42 different mutations have been detected.
To study the clinical features and identify the SPG11 gene mutations in Chinese patients with HSP-TCC.
Three kindreds with an autosomal recessive HSP-TCC and 5 cases with sporadic HSP-TCC in Chinese Hans were recruited. Detailed clinical history, neurological examination, MRI, electromyography, Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE), Spastic Paraplegia Rating Scale (SPRS) were presented. DNA samples of the 8 families were collected and mutation analysis of SPG11 gene was carried out by direct DNA sequencing.
Except for one patient whose age at onset was 3 years old, 10 patients manifested a relatively similar combination of adolescence-onset cognitive decline and spastic paraparesis with TCC on brain MRI. We identified 10 novel and one known mutations in our 8 HSP-TCC families, which were two nonsense mutations (c.5977C>T/p.Q1993X, c.4668T>A/p.Y1556X), three small deletions (c.6898_6899delCT/p.L2300AfsX2338, c.3719_3720delTA/p.I1240VfsX263, c.733_734delAT/p.M245VfsX246), four small insertions (c.7088_7089insATTA/p.Y2363X, c.2163_2164insT/p.I722YfsX731, c.7101_7102insT/p.K2368X, c.6790_6791insC/p.L2264PfsX2339), one deletion/insertion (c.654_655delinsG/p.S218RfsX219), and one splice mutation (c.7151+4_7151+7delAGTA/p.K2384fsX2386). Each family has a different mutation and all the mutations are predicted to cause early protein truncation.
This study widens the mutation spectrum of the SPG11 gene and the mutations in the SPG11 gene are also the major causative gene for HSP-TCC in the Chinese Hans. Screening of the whole gene is recommended in clinical practice.
Journal of the Neurological Sciences 10/2008; 275(1-2):92-9. DOI:10.1016/j.jns.2008.07.038 · 2.47 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Polyglutamine (polyQ) diseases are a group of hereditary neurodegenerative disorders caused by expansion of a glutamine repeat in responsible gene products. To date, the pathogenesis of polyQ diseases is still not very clear, but many researches suggest that phosphorylation of mutant proteins plays a critical role on the process of Huntington's disease, dentatorubral-pallidoluysian atrophy, spinal bulbar muscular atrophy, spinocerebellar ataxia1 and spinocerebellar ataxia 3/Machado-Joseph disease.
Zhonghua yi xue yi chuan xue za zhi = Zhonghua yixue yichuanxue zazhi = Chinese journal of medical genetics 09/2008; 25(4):414-7.