Yuichi Ashikaga

Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan

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Publications (4)5.88 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Leukocyte adhesion molecules expressed on the lymphatic endothelium in human small intestine and submandibular lymph node were studied immunohistochemically. Lymphatic capillaries in the lamina propria, mucosal muscle layer, and submucosal connective tissue of the intestine and in the capsule of the lymph node showed strong expression of platelet-endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 (PECAM-1). A few lymphatic capillaries that weakly expressed intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) were found in the capsule of the lymph node but in the small intestine, no lymphatic capillaries expressed detectable amounts of ICAM-1. Lymphatic capillaries also did not express detectable amounts of endothelial cell-selectin in the small intestine and lymph node. When lymphocytes migrate from tissue into lymphatic capillaries, multiple adhesion molecules may not be required for the migration. PECAM-1, however, may contribute to adherence of lymphocytes to lymphatic endothelium and the expression of adhesion molecules on lymphatic endothelium may be different between tissues.
    Microvascular Research 06/1999; 57(3):292-7. DOI:10.1006/mvre.1998.2137 · 2.13 Impact Factor
  • N Ebata · Y Sawa · Y Ashikaga · Y Yamaoka · M Suzuki · Y Totsuka · S Yoshida ·
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    ABSTRACT: The expression of leukocyte adhesion molecules on lymphatic vessels of the human tongue was examined using histochemical and immunohistochemical methods. Three different types of lymphatic vessels were distinguished: type I vessels expressed intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), platelet-endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 (PECAM-1), and endothelial cell-selectin (ELAM-1); type II vessels expressed ICAM-1 and PECAM-1; and type III vessels expressed PECAM-1 only. The lymphatic vessels located very close to the oral epithelium (lymphatic capillaries) and the other lymphatic vessels near the oral epithelium were type I. The lymphatic vessels in the submucosal connective tissue (collecting lymphatic vessels) were type II and type III. The results suggest that there may be functional differences in the lymphatic endothelium, where lymphatic capillaries are more active than collecting lymphatic vessels in lymphocyte migration from tissue into the lymphatic vessels.
    Tissue and Cell 03/1999; 31(1):34-8. DOI:10.1054/tice.1998.0017 · 1.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The existence of lymphatic vessels in dental pulp has been a matter of continuing controversy because of the difficulty of discriminating them in ordinary stained tissue sections. Recently, we have succeeded in establishing a new identification method for lymphatic vessels in human frozen sections by using a commercial monoclonal antibody specific for the human thoracic duct and anti-human laminin antiserum. The present study aimed to examine the lymphatic vessels in human dental pulp using the new immunostaining method, and compared the results with those in human small intestine. The study clearly demonstrated the distribution of lymphatic vessels in human dental pulp. Large lymphatic vessels are located in the central part of the pulp and there are small lymphatic vessels in the periphery of the pulp. This suggests that lymphatic drainage of the human dental pulp starts from the periphery of the pulp and collects in the central part of the pulp. A notable difference between the small intestine and dental pulp was found in the immunoreactivity of lymphatic vessels to anti-human laminin anti-serum. In small intestine, immunoreactivity was significantly weaker than that of the blood vessels, whereas in dental pulp, that of lymphatic vessels was almost the same as blood vessels, except for some lymphatic vessels showing very weak reactivity. These findings suggest that the development of the basement membrane in both the lymphatic and blood vessels of human dental pulp is not as marked as in other tissue.
    Tissue and Cell 11/1998; 30(5):510-6. DOI:10.1016/S0040-8166(98)80030-X · 1.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The expression of adhesion molecules on the lymphatic endothelium of human small intestine and submandibular lymph node was studied immunohistochemically with the antibodies for selectin family and Ig superfamily members. In both small intestine and submandibular lymph node, lymphatic endothelium did not express intercellular adhesion molecule-1 and endothelial cell-selectin but expressed platelet-endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 (PECAM-1). Though lymphatic vessels may not have a positive function in leukocyte rolling and adhesion, lymphatic endothelium may interact with leukocytes, with PECAM-1 playing a role.
    Tissue and Cell 07/1998; 30(3):377-82. DOI:10.1016/S0040-8166(98)80051-7 · 1.25 Impact Factor