ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To observe the changes in systemic hemodynamics and their relations to the concentrations of nitric oxide, endothelin, prostacyclin, and thromboxane A2 after portal cavity clamping and opening in portal hypertensive canines. Methods Twelve canines were randomly divided into control group and model group, and partial ligation of the portal vein was performed in the model group. Portal cavity clamping and opening was performed 12 weeks later in the two groups. The hemodynamic parameters including cardiac output index (CI), heart rate (HR), mean artery blood pressure (MABP), central venous pressure (CVP), pulmonary arteriole wedge pressure (PAWP), and systemic vascular resistance index (SVRI) were measured during the operation. Samples were obtained from the central vein at 3 time points during the operation for measuring NO, ET, PGI2, and TXA2. Results Portal vein ligation and portal cavity clamping produced obvious changes in the systemic circulation of the dogs, and the alteration was milder in the control group. After obstruction of the portal vein, the NO levels in systemic circulation in portal hypertensive dogs declined obviously, but gradually recovered the normal level after reperfusion. Conclusion Systemic circulation undergoes significant alterations after portal vein obstruction, but its changes in portal hypertensive dogs are milder than those in the control group, the mechanism of which needs further investigation.
Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University 08/2009; 29(7):1337-40.
ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the potential relationship between the dynamic expression of Toll-like receptor 2 and 4 (TLR2/4) in peripheral blood mononuclear cells as well as changes in serum concentration of inflammatory factors and acute lung injury (ALI) in patients after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT).
The peripheral blood samples of 27 patients (23 men and 4 women with ASA III to IV) who received OLT were collected for measurement of TLR2/4 at T1 (after induction of anesthesia), T2 (25 minutes after anhepatic phase), T3 (3 hours after graft reperfusion) and T4 (24 hours after graft reperfusion). The expression of TLR2/4 in mononuclear cells was measured by flow cytometry. The serum concentrations of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, interleukin (IL)-1beta and IL-8 were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Twenty-seven patients were assigned to ALI group (n = 9) and non-ALI group (n = 18) according to the diagnostic criteria of ALI. The expression of TLR2/4 in the ALI group or non-ALI group was analyzed.
Compared to the non-ALI group, the volumes of blood loss, ascites, total output and transfused red blood cells were higher in the ALI group, and the anhepatic phase lasted longer (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). The expression of TLR2/4 in mononuclear cells increased significantly at T3 and T4, and serum concentrations of TNF-alpha, IL-1beta and IL-8 increased significantly too. There was no significant difference in Child-Turcotte-Pugh (CTP) scores between the ALI group and non-ALI group (P > 0.05). The expression of TLR2/4 in mononuclear cells increased significantly at T3 and T4 in the ALI group (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). A positive correlation was noted between the expression of TLR4 in mononuclear cells and the serum concentrations of TNF-alpha, IL-1beta (P = 0.041, P = 0.046) in the ALI group. In the non-ALI group, statistical results showed that the expression level of TLR2/4 in mononuclear cells was not significantly different during the peri-operative period of OLT (besides TLR4 expression at T4). Compared to the non-ALI group, the increasing amplitude of TLR2/4 expression in mononuclear cells was more significant in the ALI group. The patients whose TLR2/4 expression in mononuclear cells exceeded that at T1 by one time were more likely to suffer from ALI (P = 0.013), with a relative risk of 16.
The expression level of TLR2/4 in mononuclear cells increases significantly in the peri-operative period of OLT, and it may be a high risk factor for occurrence of postoperative ALI.
Chinese medical journal 04/2009; 122(8):895-9. · 0.86 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: To observe the hemodynamic changes of the patients with severe hepatitis during orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT).
Ten patients with severe hepatitis received liver transplantation. The pulmonary artery catheter was inserted into right jugular vein and an arterial line was put in the left radial artery. Hemodynamics parameters including cardiac output (CO), arterial blood pressure (ABP), systemic vascular resistance (SVR), pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR), cardiac index (CI) at different time points were observed.
During the operation, HR was increased, and ABP was significantly decreased at the beginning of anhepatic period and neo-hepatic period. Central venous pressure (CVP) was significantly decreased during anhepatic period and profoundly increased in the early neo-hepatic phase, then declined to normal range progressively. Pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP) changed in accordance with the variation of pulmonary arterial pressure (PAP). Both of them were significantly decreased during anhepatic period and profoundly increased in the early neo-hepatic phase. SVR was at a lower level before operation, and gradually increased during anhepatic period, then significantly declined at the beginning of anhepatic period. PVR had the most marked changes during the neo-hepatic period, gradually decreased to the pre-operation level after significant elevation at the early neo-hepatic phase. Left ventricular stroke work index (LVSWI) was profoundly declined from the beginning of anhepatic period to the 1 minute after neo-hepatic phase, then progressively increased. Right ventricular stroke work index (RVSWI) was significantly decreased during anhepatic period, then progressively increased during neo-hepatic period. CO and CI maintained at a higher level, significantly declined during anhepatic period compared with pre-anhepatic period and gradually increased to a higher level than peri-operation.
Remarkable changes in hemodynamics of patients with severe hepatitis during liver transplantation are found especially at the early phase of anhepatic and neo-hepatic, while CO maintained at a higher level, together with a complicated changes in SVRI. Monitoring hemodynamics during peri-operation has its value to prevent and manage cardiac insufficiency and low blood volume.
Zhongguo wei zhong bing ji jiu yi xue = Chinese critical care medicine = Zhongguo weizhongbing jijiuyixue 01/2005; 16(12):727-9.