ABSTRACT: To investigate the integrated effects of adipocytes on rat beta-cells, differentiated 3T3L1 adipocytes and rat islet cells co-culture system was established.
There were two groups: control group (SD rat islet cells) and co-culture group (islet cells and 3T3L1 adipocytes coculture system). Islet cells were obtained for determination of (1) insulin secretion and insulin content; (2) mRNA expressions of GLUT2, GCK and Kir6.2; (3) protein expressions of IR-beta, IRS-1 and their tyrosine phosphorylation level.
(1) At low glucose, insulin secretion of co-culture group increased compared with that of control group (0.79 +/- 0.35) ng x h(-1) x ml(-1) islet vs. (0.38 +/- 0.09) ng x h(-1) x ml(-1) x islet, P = 0.028. At high glucose, insulin secretion of those two groups was almost at the same level (P = 0.760). Compared with control group (2.84 +/- 0.92), stimulation index (SI, insulin release at high glucose/ low glucose) of co-culture system decreased to (1.57 +/- 0.61, P = 0.04). And the insulin content of the both groups was almost at the same level (P = 0.102). (2) The mRNA of GCK, GLUT2 and Kir6.2 in co-culture group downregulated to (0.27 +/- 0.11, P = 0.01), (0.34 +/- 0.24, P = 0.009) and (0.41 +/- 0.09, P = 0.003) compared with control group (mRNA = 1). (3) The protein levels of IR-beta, IRS-1 and their tyrosine phosphorylation decreased in co-culture system.
3T3L1 adipocytes are involved in beta-cell dysfunction, which may facilitate the development of type 2 diabetes. The effects may be mediated by multiple pathways, which include downregulation of GSIS related gene expressions and suppression of islet cell insulin signaling.
Zhonghua yi xue za zhi 06/2010; 90(24):1703-6.
ABSTRACT: To investigate the effects of the carboxyl end of osteogenic growth peptide (OGP)-OGP((10-14)) and its derivative G38I on the proliferation and differentiation of osteoblasts (OBs).
Osteoblasts were isolated from the calvariae of newborn SD rats and cultured to G3. OGP((10-14)) or G38I of the concentrations of 10(-15) to 10(-7) mol/L were added to culture medium for 48 hours respectively. The number of cells was counted and MTT analysis was used to examine the proliferation of the cells. The ultrastructure of cells was investigated by electron microscopy. The osteoblasts of G3 were divided into experimental groups, treated with OGP((10-14)) or G38I of the concentration of 10(-11) mol/L for 48 hours, and control group. The alkaline phosphatase activity in the culture medium was measured. The protein expression level of type-I collagen was evaluated by immunohistochemistry. The core binding factor 1 (Cbfa1) and type-I collagen mRNA level of osteoblasts were determined by RT-PCR.
With a biphasic effect on, OGP((10-14)) and G38I stimulated the number enhancement of OBs dose-dependently at low concentration and inhibited it at high concentration. The numbers of OB were the highest (37 x 10(4)/ml +/- 7 x 10(4)/ml and 30 x 10(4)/ml +/- 5 x 10(4)/ml respectively) when treated by OGP((10-14)) or G38I of the concentration of 10(-11)mol/L. The rough endoplasm net was flourishing and the secreting vesicle was abounding in the experimental cells. There was calcium crystal in the control cells. The activity of alkaline phosphatase in the culture medium of the OGP (10(-14)) and G38I groups were higher than that in the control group (4.47 U/g and 3.82 U/g vs 2.21 U/g). The protein expression level of type-I collagen was higher and the mRNA levels of Cbfa1 and type-I collagen were higher in the OGP((10-14)) and G38I groups were increased in the experimental groups in comparison with the control group (P < 0.05, P < 0.01, and P < 0.05).
They stimulated cell number enhancement dose dependently at low concentration and followed by inhibition at high concentration. Just as the native OGP, OGP((10-14)) and its derivative G38I stimulate the proliferation of osteoblasts, and improve their activity, up-regulate the Cbfa1 and type-I collagen mRNA expression levels and increase the collagen synthesis, thus promoting the differentiation and osteogenic effect of osteoblasts.
Zhonghua yi xue za zhi 11/2005; 85(41):2905-9.
ABSTRACT: To investigate the distribution of tetracycline-arginine-glycine-aspartate-tyrosine (T-RGDY) in mice and its effect on bone.
125-labeled T-RGDY was studied for its distribution in mice and for its effects on bone by histomorphometry in ovariectomized rats.
The 125I-labeled T-RGDY was more concentrated in the osteoporotic bone than in the normal bone. Compared with ovariectomy group, the morphologic index such as trabecular bone volume/total tissue volume (TBV/TTV), TBV/sponge bone volume (SBV), and mean trabecular plate thickness (MTPT) in T-RGDY group significantly increased (P < 0.05). As compared with sham operation group, MTPT significantly increased in T-RGDY group (P < 0.05), while TBV/SBV and mean trabecular plate density significantly decreased (P < 0.05), and TBV/TYV and mean trabecular plate spacing were almost the same as those in sham operation group (P > 0.05).
T-RGDY may concentrate in bone tissue to a certain degree, which is closely related with the status of bone remodeling. T-RGDY may inhibit the bone loss caused by ovariectomy.
Zhongguo yi xue ke xue yuan xue bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae 09/2004; 26(4):399-404.