[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Recent data have shown a higher incidence of arterial events in patients with venous thromboembolism (VTE) of unknown origin than in those with the secondary form of disease. Whether patients with idiopathic VTE have a higher risk of subsequent arterial events than the general population is unknown. The aim was to evaluate the rates of subsequent arterial events in patients with idiopathic VTE and control subjects. In a retrospective cohort study we compared the rates of subsequent arterial events (i.e. acute myocardial infarction, ischemic stroke and peripheral arterial disease) in 151 consecutive patients with objectively confirmed spontaneous VTE and 151 control subjects randomly selected from the database of two family physicians. We collected information about cardiovascular risk-factors (hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, diabetes, obesity and smoke) at the time of VTE episode, or corresponding date for the controls, and considered the follow-up from this time. Patients and controls who had suffered from arterial events before the index date were excluded. During a mean follow-up of 43.1 (+/- 21.7) months there were 16 arterial events in the VTE patients and six in the control group (HR, 2.84;95% CI,1.11 to 7.27; p = 0.03). The difference remained significant after adjusting for age and other cardiovascular risk factors (HR 2.86;95% CI,1.07 to 7.62). Overall mortality was also higher in the VTE patients (12 vs.4 deaths). In conclusion, arterial events are more common in patients with previous idiopathic VTE than in the general population. These findings may have practical implications.
Thrombosis and Haemostasis 09/2006; 96(2):132-6. · 6.09 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: There is little information available about the true incidence of post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS) after pulmonary embolism (PE). The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence of PTS in patients with previous pulmonary embolism without concomitant ultrasonographically-detectable deep vein thrombosis (DVT). A retrospective cohort study was conducted at a single tertiary care centre, Cosenza, Italy. Forty-seven consecutive patients with proved PE without DVT within the previous 2 to 6 years, 45 patients with previous DVT in the same years, and 45 patients with diseases unrelated to venous thromboembolism (VTE) underwent a blind assessment for PTS using a clinical score. Two of 47 (4.2%, 95%CI: 0.01-9.9) patients with PE, 2 of 45 (4.4%, 95%CI: 0.01-10.4) patients with diseases unrelated to VTE, and 23 of 45 (53.3%, 95%CI: 38.7-67.9) patients with DVT showed signs and symptoms of PTS. The difference between the first two groups was not statistically significant (p = 0.7). In conclusion, the incidence of PTS after pulmonary embolism without DVT is low, and no different from that of patients without previous VTE.
Thrombosis and Haemostasis 12/2004; 92(5):993-6. · 6.09 Impact Factor