Victoria Valles

Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán, Tlalpam, The Federal District, Mexico

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Publications (3)8.27 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Hypoxic stimulation of the carotid body receptors (CBR) results in a rapid hyperglycemia with an increase in brain glucose retention. Previous work indicates that neurohypophysectomy inhibits this hyperglycemic response. Here, we show that systemic arginine vasopressin (AVP) induced a transient, but significant, increase in blood glucose levels and increased brain glucose retention, a response similar to that observed after CBR stimulation. Comparable results were obtained after intracerebral infusion of AVP. Systemic AVP-induced changes were maintained in hypophysectomized rats but were not observed after adrenalectomy. Glycemic changes after CBR stimulation were inhibited by pharmacological blockage of AVP V1a receptors with a V1a-selective receptor antagonist ([beta-Mercapto-beta,beta-cyclopentamethylenepropionyl1,O-me-Tyr2, Arg8]-vasopressin). Importantly, local application of micro-doses of this antagonist to the liver was sufficient to abolish the hyperglycemic response after CBR stimulation. These results suggest that AVP is a mediator of the hyperglycemic reflex and cerebral glucose retention following CBR stimulation. We propose that hepatic activation of AVP V1a receptors is essential for this hyperglycemic response.
    Journal of Applied Physiology 07/2006; 100(6):1902-9. DOI:10.1152/japplphysiol.01414.2005 · 3.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: It is well established that the carotid body receptors (CBR), at the bifurcation of the carotid artery, inform the brain of changes in the concentration of CO(2) and O(2) in arterial blood. More recent work suggests that these receptors are also extremely sensitive to blood glucose levels suggesting that they may play an important role as sensors of blood components important for brain energy metabolism. Much less is known about changes in brain glucose metabolism in response to CBR activation. Here we show that 2-8 min after local injection of sodium cyanide (NaCN) into the CBR or after electrical stimulation of the carotid sinus nerve in dogs and rats, brain glucose uptake increased fourfold. Cerebrospinal fluids (CSF) transferred from dogs, 2-8 min after CBR stimulation, into the cisterna magna of non-stimulated dogs or rats induced a similar increase in brain glucose uptake. CSF from stimulated dogs was also active when injected intravenously in anesthetized or awake rats. The activity was destroyed when the stimulated CSF was heated to 100 degrees C or treated with trypsin. We conclude that a peptide important for brain glucose regulation appears in the CSF shortly after CBR stimulation.
    Brain Research 01/2004; 994(1):124-33. DOI:10.1016/j.brainres.2003.09.030 · 2.83 Impact Factor
  • Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology 02/2003; 536:95-107. · 2.01 Impact Factor