ABSTRACT: Mutations in ATP1A2 cause familial hemiplegic migraine (FHM) type 2, a rare monogenic form of migraine with aura (MA). Moreover, rare ATP1A2 missense variants are found in familial clustering of common forms of migraine in single pedigrees. To determine whether also common ATP1A2 polymorphisms contribute to MA pathogenesis, we performed systematic case-control association studies in 284 MA cases and 241 control individuals. By direct sequencing of the 23 coding exons and adjacent intronic regions in 45 MA patients, 16 polymorphisms (12 SNPs, 3 small indels, 1 microsatellite marker) were identified. The sequencing results were used to estimate seven common ATP1A2 haplotypes (with a frequency >5%) covering about 97% of total haplotype diversity for this region. Subsequently, six haplotype-tagging SNPs/polymorphisms were genotyped in 95 individuals with a family history of MA, in 189 individuals with sporadic MA, and in a gender-matched control sample. A haplotype analysis was performed using the program FAMHAP. No significant differences in the ATP1A2 haplotype distribution could be detected between MA patients (or patient subgroups) and the control group. In a single-marker analysis the allele and genotype frequencies of ATP1A2 polymorphisms between cases and controls were compared. Neither the six ht-SNPs nor a single allele of the microsatellite marker were significantly associated with MA. In summary, we found no evidence for a common contribution of ATP1A2 to the pathogenesis of complex inherited MA.
American Journal of Medical Genetics Part B Neuropsychiatric Genetics 05/2006; 141B(3):257-60. · 3.70 Impact Factor