Vasilije Jeremić

Klinički centar Srbije, Beograd, Central Serbia, Serbia

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Publications (37)19 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Aim To assess IL-10 serum concentration according to outcome of severe trauma treatment and influence of short nuclear polymorphism (SNP) 1082G/A within IL-10 gene on treatment outcome of patients with severe trauma. Methods Forty-seven patients with major trauma were prospectively recruited, and they were divided into two groups according to outcome (survivors and non-survivors). The IL-10 gene polymorphisms were genotyped using restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis. Serum IL-10 levels were determined with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Association between IL-10 serum concentration, IL-10 SNP type and IL-10 serum concentration in groups of patients with different SNPs with outcome after severe trauma was evaluated. Results Mean age of patients was 35.53±14.53 years. The major mechanism of injury was traffic, and the mean injury severity score was 35.47±11.23. Despite higher values of IL-10 serum concentrations in patients with lethal outcome, the difference was not statistically significant. In 40 (85%) patients no gene polymorphism for IL-10 was recorded. No statistical significance in frequency of IL-10-1082 gene polymorphism was observed between the patients with different outcomes of polytrauma. No statistically significant difference in IL-10 values was evidenced between the subjects with and without polymorphisms in any of the observed times of measurement, although a trend toward the higher values may be observed in patients with polymorphism in heterozygous form. Conclusion The patients with IL-10 SNP gene polymorphism despite no proven statistical significance appeared to have higher values of IL-10 and consequently worse outcome. Key words: interleukin 10, genetic association, IL-10 SNP -1082G/A, outcome.
    Medicinski glasnik : official publication of the Medical Association of Zenica-Doboj Canton, Bosnia and Herzegovina. 08/2014; 11(2):326-32.
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    ABSTRACT: In polytrauma, injuries that may be surgically treated under regular circumstances due to a systemic inflammatory response become life-threatening. The inflammatory response involves a complex pattern of humoral and cellular responses and the expression of related factors is thought to be governed by genetic variations. This aim of this paper is to examine the influence of interleukin (IL) 6 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) -174C/G and -596G/A on the treatment outcome in severely injured patients. Forty-seven severely injured patients were included in this study. Patients were assigned an Injury Severity Score. Blood samples were drawn within 24 h after admission (designated day 1) and on subsequent days (24, 48, 72 hours and 7days) of hospitalization. The IL-6 levels were determined through ELISA technique. Polymorphisms were analyzed by a method of Polymerase Chain Reaction-Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (PCR). Among subjects with different outcomes, no statistically relevant difference was found with regards to the gene IL-6 SNP-174G/C polymorphism. More than a half of subjects who died had the SNP-174G/C polymorphism, while this polymorphism was represented in a slightly lower number in survivors. The incidence of subjects without polymorphism and those with heterozygous and homozygous gene IL-6 SNP-596G/A polymorphism did not present statistically significant variations between survivors and those who died. The levels of IL-6 over the observation period did not present any statistically relevant difference among subjects without the IL-6 SNP-174 or IL- 6 SNP -596 gene polymorphism and those who had either a heterozygous or a homozygous polymorphism.
    05/2014; 14(2):110-7.
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    ABSTRACT: Laparoscopic diagnostics provides fast, reliable, clear, and obvious information on extent and depth of abdominal organs injury with minimizing additional trauma to the patient. It is performed without any specific preparations and, if needed, it may be promptly converted into conventional laparotomy. Through use of optical equipment with various refraction angles and through variable patient positioning, laparoscopic technique enables visualization of whole abdominal cavity. In approximately 20% of cases of unclear findings, and after other performed diagnostic procedures, laparoscopy provides definitive diagnosis. Abdominal surgeons are familiar with this method, making interpretation of the results very fast and reliable and, what is the most important, this method avoids additional trauma caused by conventional laparotomy.
    Acta Chirurgica Iugoslavica. 01/2010;
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    ABSTRACT: Acutelunginjury (ALI) and its more severe form acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) are syndromes with a spectrum of increasing severity of lung injury defined by physiologic and radiographic criteria. There are many clinical disorders as sociated with the development of ALI/ARDS and can be divided into those associated with direct or indirect lung injury. Early detection and protective lung ventilation strategy contribute to lowering the mortality rate.
    Acta chirurgica iugoslavica 01/2010; 57(4):25-32.
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    ABSTRACT: Injuries of the stomach and duodenum have an important place in abdominal trauma, even though that the isolated injuries are rare. This kind of injury is most commonly associated with injuries of other abdominal organs. This retrospective study has been done at the Department of Emergency Surgery, Clinical Centre of Serbia, during the period from January 2004. until January 2009. The study included 36 patients diagnosed intraoperatively with the injury of the stomach and duodenum. The most common mechanism of harming were injuries due to blunt trauma (41.7%), the ones followed by gunshot wounds (30.5%), and the least were stab injuries (27.8%). With the majority of patients has been conducted sutures (46.3%) and serosation (30.6%) of the stomach and duodenum. In 24 (66.7%) patients on admission have been done ultrasound of the abdomen, in 6 (16.7%) abdominal CT was done, in 4 (11.1%) peritoneal lavage have been done and the x-ray of the abdomen was performed in 3 (8.3%) patients. Specific complications had 1 (2.8%) patient, while 14 (29.9%) patients have had non-specific complications. Total mortality has been 33.3%
    Acta chirurgica iugoslavica 01/2010; 57(4):47-52.
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    ABSTRACT: Development of abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) in patients with severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) has a strong impact on the course of disease. Number of patients with this complication increases during the years due more aggressive fluid resuscitation, much bigger proportion of patients who is treated conservatively or by minimal invasive approach, and efforts to delay open surgery. There have not been standard recommendations for a surgical or some other interventional treatment of patients who develop ACS during the SAP. The aim of DECOMPRESS study was to compare decompresive laparotomy with temporary abdominal closure and percutaneus puncture with placement of abdominal catheter in these patients. One hundred patients with ACS will be randomly allocated to two groups: I) decompresive laparotomy with temporary abdominal closure or II) percutaneus puncture with placement of abdominal catheter. Patients will be recruited from five hospitals in Belgrade during two years period. The primary endpoint is the mortality rate within hospitalization. Secondary endpoints are time interval between intervention and resolving of organ failure and multi organ dysfunction syndrome, incidence of infectious complications and duration of hospital and ICU stay. A total sample size of 100 patients was calculated to demonstrate that decompresive laparotomy with temporary abdominal closure can reduce mortality rate from 60% to 40% with 80% power at 5% alfa. DECOMPRESS study is designed to reveal a reduction in mortality and major morbidity by using decompresive laparotomy with temporary abdominal closure in comparison with percutaneus puncture with placement of abdominal catheter in patients with ACS during SAP. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NTC00793715.
    BMC Surgery 01/2010; 10:22. · 1.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Laparoscopic diagnostics provides fast, reliable, clear, and obvious information on extent and depth of abdominal organs injury with minimizing additional trauma to the patient. It is performed without any specific preparations and, if needed, it may be promptly converted into conventional laparotomy. Through use of optical equipment with various refraction angles and through variable patient positioning, laparoscopic technique enables visualization of whole abdominal cavity. In approximately 20% of cases of unclear findings, and after other performed diagnostic procedures, laparoscopy provides definitive diagnosis. Abdominal surgeons are familiar with this method, making interpretaion of the results very fast and reliable and, what is the most important, this method avoids additional trauma caused by conventional laparotomy.
    Acta chirurgica iugoslavica 01/2010; 57(4):33-8.
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    ABSTRACT: Question of missed injuries is more offen a question of human errors: task execution errors, procedural errors, communication errors, decision errors and noncompliance. Missed injuries are those which are not identified in the first three days of hospitalization. This theme is not popular among physicians. Literature data mention percent from 3 - 29% missed injuries overall. The underlying causes errors are: false attributin, false negative prediction and false lebeling. False attribution involves a tendency to incorrectly link a clinical observation with an arroneous cause. This tendency also ignores one of the fundamental principles of the management of traumatic injury: that the index of suspicion should proceed on the basis of assumed wors resonable case scenario. Weaknesses of traumasistems: high patients volume, high-risk patients, long hours, changing set of resources, and problems sush bad admission planing, defficite anamnesis, defficite diagnostic procedures, bad communication, improvisation etc.
    Acta Chirurgica Iugoslavica. 01/2010;
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    ABSTRACT: In spite of its low incidence, pancreatic injuries hold important place in abdominal trauma because of diagnostic difficulties, severe potential complications, therapeutic challenges, and high mortality rates. These injuries are related with specific morbidity and are very often accompanied with injuries of other organs. This retrospective study included 31 patients treated at The Clinic for Emergency Surgery of Clinical Center of Serbia during the period of 2004-2009 with intraoperativelly confirmed diagnosis of pancreatic trauma. The most common mechanism of injury was blunt trauma (83.9%). Among available diagnostic methods, abdominal ultrasound was characterized with high incidence of false-negative findings (33.3%) while for CT it was at 16.6%. The type of surgical procedure was related to degree and severity of injury. Specific complications occurred in 22.6% of patients, while mortality rate was 25.8%. The creation of unambiguous algorithms for optimal treatment of patients with pancreatic trauma require multi-centric prospective studies.
    Acta chirurgica iugoslavica 01/2010; 57(4):19-24.
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    ABSTRACT: The phylosophy of aggressive surgical approach, its complete implementation in liver trauma surgery did not appear efficient. No matter of permanenent development of diagnostic imaging methods, anesthesia, intensive therapy, medical technology and suture materials, operational theater and operative tchniques, major liver resections in trauma had mortality rate up to 60%. With introduction of computerized tomography (CT, 1981) in everyday clinical praxis and with better evaluation of trauma patients, the whole approach to liver trauma patient has been redesigned. Based on AAST-OIS classification, almost 70% of traumatized with grade I, II and III sholud be treated non-operatively, hospitally, with repeating FAST (focused abdominal ultrasound in trauma) and abdominal CT scans. The rest of traumatized patients, with grade IV and V injuries of juxtahepatic structures demand complexive surgical treatment. The modalities of surgical treatment depend on trauma mechanisms, extensivity, anatomical localisation and affection of vascular structures. Hanging Manuevr--the Method of French surgeon Belghiti bases on anterior approach in liver resection is a try for fast solution for fatal bleeding in liver trauma. It consists of placing the elastic cord throughout the anterior surface of VCI or ligamentum venosusm, of upper end of the cord is located in superior part of VCI where hepatic veins are emerging. Lower end of the cord is located in subhepatic part of VCI between 3 Glisonian pedicles. Concerning hepatic veins liver is divided in 3 sections, which derives blood in right hepatic vein RHV, middle hepatic vein MHV and left hepatic vein LHV. Belghiti proposed the usage of hanging maneuver when resecting the right liver, while the cord is placed throughout retrohepatic VCI, lower end between elements of Glisonian pedicle and upper end between hepatic veins. Complications like bleeding from caudal veins are minimal, then speed in liver resection in hemodynamic unstable and ishemic patient, defects like bleeding because compressing tapes or lesions IVC tile mobilazion of liver for conventional resection.
    Acta chirurgica iugoslavica 01/2010; 57(4):53-6.
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    ABSTRACT: Intra-abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) are increasingly recognised to be a contributing cause of organ dysfunction and mortality in critically ill patients. The term abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) describes the clinical manifestations of the pathologic elevation of the intra abdominal pressure (IAP). This syndrome is most commonly observed in the setting of severe abdominal trauma. ACS affects mainly the respiratory, cardiovascular, renal, gastrointestinal and central nervous system. Preventing ACS by the identification of patients at risk and early diagnosis is paramount to its successful management. Because of the frequency of this condition, routine measurement of intra abdominal pressure should be performed in high risk patients in the intensive care unit. Surgical decompression is definitive treatment of fully developed abdominal compartment syndrome, but nonsurgical measures can often effectively affect lesser degrees of IAH and ACS.
    Acta chirurgica iugoslavica 01/2010; 57(4):75-81.
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    ABSTRACT: Question of missed injuries is more often a question of human errors: task execution errors, procedural errors, communication errors, decision errors and noncompliance. Missed injuries are those which are not idetified in the first three days of hospitalisaation. This theme is not popular among physicians. Literature data mention percent from 3-29% missed injuries overall. The underlying causes errors are: false attributin, false negative prediction and false lebeling. False attribution involves a tendency to incorrectly link a clinical observation with an arroneous cause. This tendency also ignores one of the fundamental principles of the management of traumatic injury: that the index of suspicion should proceed on the basis of assumed wors resonable case scenario. Weaknesses of trauma systems: high patients volume, high-risk patients, long hours, changing set of resources, and problems sush bad admission planing, defficite anamnesis, defficite diagnostic procedures, bad communication, improvisation etc.
    Acta chirurgica iugoslavica 01/2010; 57(4):83-6.
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    ABSTRACT: Due to improved methods of treatment and management of hemorrhage, the mortality from liver injuries has decreased significantly over the past few decades. In spite of that, liver injuries still represent diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. This retrospective study included 197 patients surgically treated because of trauma of the liver at The Clinic for Emergency Surgery, during the period 2004-2009. The results showed significant difference in mortality rates in cases of penetrating wounds compared to blunt trauma and gunshot wounds. The severity of injury evaluated by Organ Injury Scale was significantly higher in gunshot wounds compared to blunt and penetrating trauma. The correlation of severity of injuries and mortality rates showed that the mortality is significantly lower in patients with grade 1, 2, and 3 injuries compared to grades 4 and 5 (p = 0.016). Specific complication rate was 28.4%, while mortality rate was 21.8%. The results reflect diagnostic and treatment problems, as well as the importance of multidisciplinary approach to the patients with liver trauma.
    Acta chirurgica iugoslavica 01/2010; 57(4):9-14.
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    ABSTRACT: Anemia is common in critically ill patients and carries risk of reduced oxygen carriage and worse outcomes. Transfusion, however, carry their own risk, and the physician must balance the risks of anemia with the risk of transfusion in each patient. Some recent studies compared a liberal with a restrictive approach to transfusion, and a clinical practice guidelines were made. This protocols consider that acute hemorrhage has been controlled, the initial resuscitation has been completed, and the patient is stabile in the intensive care unit without ongoing bleeding. The trigger for PRBC transfusion in patients without severe cardiovascular disease is hemoglobin g/dL (or a hematocrit %).
    Acta chirurgica iugoslavica 01/2010; 57(4):87-93.
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    ABSTRACT: Studies on the clinical value of parameters of hemostasis in predicting pancreatitis-associated complications are still scarce. The aim of this prospective study was to identify the useful hemostatic markers for accurate determination of the subsequent development of organ failure (OF) during the very early course of acute pancreatitis (AP). In 91 consecutive primarily admitted patients with AP, prothrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin time, fibrinogen, antithrombin III, protein C, plasminogen activator inhibitor 1, D-dimer, and plasminogen were measured in plasma within the first 24 hours of admission and 24 hours thereafter. Two study groups comprising 24 patients with OF and 67 patients without OF were compared. Levels of prothrombin time, fibrinogen, and D-dimer on admission were significantly different between the OF and non-OF groups, and all these parameters plus antithrombin III were significantly different 24 hours later. A D-dimer value of 414.00 microg/L on admission was the best cutoff value in predicting the development of OF with sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values of 90%, 89%, 75%, and 96%, respectively. Measurement of plasma levels of D-dimer on the admission is an accurate method for the identification of patients who will develop OF in the further course of AP.
    Pancreas 06/2009; 38(6):655-60. · 2.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: An abstract is unavailable. This article is available as HTML full text and PDF.
    Pancreas 10/2008; 37(4):490-491. · 2.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The present study attempted to identify the diagnostic significance of procalcitonin (PCT) in acute abdominal conditions as well as the range of concentrations relating to diagnosis of abdominal sepsis. This was prospective clinical study. The study included 98 consecutive patients with acute abdominal conditions, divided in sepsis and systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) group. PCT concentrations on admission were significantly higher in the sepsis group than in the SIRS group (median [interquartile range] 2.32 [7.41] vs 0.45 ng/ml [2.62]). A cutoff value of 1.1 ng/ml yielded 72.4% sensitivity and 62.5% specificity. In a group of patients with abdominal symptoms lasting for more than 24 h, a cut-off value of 1.1 ng/ml yielded higher sensitivity (82.9%) and higher specificity (77.3%). Our results suggest that PCT measurements may be useful for early, preoperative diagnosis of abdominal sepsis.
    Langenbeck s Archives of Surgery 06/2008; 393(3):397-403. · 1.89 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Gastrointestinal stromal tumors GIST are rare mesenchymal tumors of the gastrointestinal tract characterized by expression of a receptor that activates tyrosine kinase called C- kit. Since malignant GIST has an extremely poor prognosis even after surgical resection. The developement of a tyrosine kinase inhibitor, STI571/imatinib mesylate/Gleevec, Glivec which inhibits the BCR-ABL, PDGF-R alpha, and C-Kit receptors, has changed the management of unresectable malignant GIST and has improved the survival of patients with metastaic disease. We report a 32 year old male patient with subcardiale gastric GIST and massive gastrointestinale bleeding. The patient underwent total gastrectomy, D2 lymphadenestomy, distal pancreatectomy and splenectomy on 02.02. 2004. Histopathology examination of the primary tumor revealed a strong C-Kit expression and CD 34 +++, Ki67 20 and so called "Pure GIST" was approved Liver metastasis was detected on ultrasound and CT 12 months later and segmentectomy S7 was performed on 23.03.2005. Postoperative course was uneventfull. HP examination--malignant 35 x 30 mm sarcoma like tumor of mesenchymal origin. The patient received adjuvant imatinib-mesylate Gleevec Novartis Pharma Basel 400 mg a day. The initial complete response to treatment continued to 24 monts postoperatively Imatinib is a recent and very promising tretemenextirpation remains the only curative treatment of malignant GIST as evideneced by our patient.
    Acta chirurgica iugoslavica 02/2007; 54(1):169-71.
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    ABSTRACT: During routine examination of a 32-year-old patient, a cervical polyp was found and CIN III was confirmed by biopsy. After performing colposcopy, biopsy and establishing CIN III as well as performing gastroscopy where a duodenal polyp was found, thorough diagnostic exams and therapy were carried out. Complete duodenal resection and conization were performed. The medical board decided that neither further radiation nor chemotherapy was needed.
    European journal of gynaecological oncology 02/2007; 28(1):69-71. · 0.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Bleeding stress ulcus is a mucosal stress induced lesion which appears as a result of mucosal damage in severely injured and critically ill persons. Prophylaxis treatment has dramatically reduced the incidence of bleeding in Intensive care units. We conducted a prospective study for the five years period. Of 954 patients (196 with acute necrotizing pancreatitis and 758 with severe injuries), 84 (8.5%) has clinically important bleeding. About 80% of these patients had more than one independent risk for acute bleeding from gastrointestinal tract. Prophylaxis treatment reduced bleeding in 90% risk patients (according Zinner score). Despite of prophylaxis, 13 patients required surgery. Overall mortality was 29 (34%) of 84 patients, including seven of 13 who required surgery. Sepsis and respiratory failure were identified as strong risk factors for bleeding in our group. The choice of the best prophylactic agens still remains the question.
    Acta chirurgica iugoslavica 02/2007; 54(1):77-81.