[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In the present work, the very first finding of Libyostrongylus douglasi in farm-reared ostriches in Croatia, was described, not only as the main cause of the death, but also as the cause of persistent infection. The results of histopathological examination of almost all parenchymatous organs in two routinely necropsied ostriches were presented, including atypical histopathological finding in the brain and the result of the L. douglasi scanning electron microscopical (SEM) examination. In order to determine the parasite species to which the larval form found in the brain belonged, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was performed. Total DNA was isolated from fresh L. douglasi, and from archival formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded brain section. Additionally, the smears of the proventricular mucosal lining were cytologically examined. Virological examination for newcastle disease virus (NDV) was also performed. As there was very limited information concerned ostrich's health status in Croatian farms, a preliminary evaluation of the parasite infestation level in the Croatian ostrich population over the period 2001-2002 was also done, and an attempt at characterising individual parasite species, was made.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: 1. The aim of this study was to investigate pathomorphological changes in broiler chicks fed with different doses of gizzerosine, a substance produced during the heat treatments of fish meal. 2. The experiment was carried out in Ross broiler chicks which were divided into three groups: group A received 100% of non-medicated commercial mash for broiler chicks. During an experimental 5-d period, 50% of commercial mash was replaced with unheated fish meal (0.65 ppm gizzerosine) in group B and in group C with heated fish meal (1.15 ppm gizzerosine). Fourteen chicks from each group were killed every day. Samples of gastrointestinal and lymphoid organs, lung, pancreas, liver, brain and kidney tissue were sampled for histopathological analysis. Organs were embedded in paraffin and stained with hematoxylin-eosin stain and using periodic acid-Schiff reagent (PAS) and Sudan III (frozen sections). 3. Necropsy did not reveal notable differences between treated groups. There were no significant histopathological changes in immunocompetent organs nor in the lungs, the pancreas, the kidney or the brain. Sharply demarcated multiple vacuoles were observed in the myocardium in group C toward the end of the experiment. In group C, the prevalent changes in the gizzard and the proventriculus were slight to severe cuticle erosions and oedema of the lamina propria with or without multiple vacuoles, respectively, towards the end of the experiment. The most prominent changes toward the end of the experiment were dispersed cell vacuolisation in duodenal, jejunual, ileal and caecal lamina propria in group C. 4. In conclusion, it should be emphasised that extra-gizzard gizzerosine-induced lesions are probably not mediated by H2-receptor stimulation, but could be a consequence of cellular hypoxia.
British Poultry Science 04/2002; 43(1):86-93. DOI:10.1080/00071660120109845 · 0.78 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to demonstrate the effects of dopaminergic drugs on 2,4-dinitrofluorbenzene (DNFB) induced experimental inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in previously sensitized BALB/c mice. The number and extent of ulcerations and erosions, the intensity of haemorrhages, oedema, and accumulation of neutrophils and eosinophils within colonic lamina propria and submucosa were scored and statistically evaluated. The 180 BALB/c mice, were allocated into three equal groups. The mice in the first experimental group were treated with domperidone (DP), a peripheral dopamine (DA) antagonist. The mice from the second experimental group were treated with bromocriptine (BC), a dopamine agonist. The mice from the control group were treated with an equivalent volume of normal saline in the same manner. Ten animals from each group were killed on days 1, 2, 3, 5 and 10, subsequent to the challenge enema of DNFB solution. Gross and microscopic examination of the colon was performed. Treatment with BC resulted in clinical improvement and decreased mortality rate by 2 of 60 (3%), while domperidone treatment increased mortality rate to 12 of 60 (20%) compared with the controls [4 of 60 (6%)]. The analysis of the microscopic lesions indicated that the beneficial effects of BC were the result of maintenance of vascular integrity.
Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics 09/2001; 24(4):267-73. DOI:10.1046/j.1365-2885.2001.00343.x · 1.32 Impact Factor