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Publications (5)8.44 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Modulating effects of ochratoxin A (OTA) and some of its derivatives on viability and oxidative burst activity of porcine monocytes and granulocytes have been studied. The formation of free oxygen radicals by monocytes was suppressed by OTA and ochratoxin C (OTC) at concentrations between 10 and 1000 ng/ml. Intracellular radical formation of granulocytes was in part already significantly reduced at 1 ng/ml of these mycotoxins. Conversely, the intracellular formation of radicals in monocytes of individual pigs was stimulated by the toxins at 1-100 ng/ml. A biologically active fraction of the crude toxin (RE2) which had been identified as OTC had a stronger effect than all other derivatives of ochratoxin A. Whether these modulating effects of OTA and OTC on phagocyte functions are of significance in the pathogenesis of infectious diseases, needs to be studied in more detail. In this context, the occurrence of OTC in food and feeds should be examined more closely.
    Toxicology 08/2004; 199(2-3):251-9. · 4.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The immunomodulatory effects of ochratoxin A (OTA) and some of its metabolites on the human monocyte/macrophage line THP-1 are described. Metabolic activity, cell proliferation, cell membrane integrity, cell differentiation, phagocytic behaviour, nitrogen oxide synthesis and cell surface markers were largely suppressed by these mycotoxins at concentrations between 10 and 1000 ng/ml, in individual cases already at 1 ng/ml. After analysis of a crude toxin, a substance designated RE2 could be isolated besides OTA, which was identified as ochratoxin C (OTC). The latter showed a stronger suppressive effect on most functions studied than all other metabolites of OTA. Because of the immunomodulatory effects of OTA and OTC, more attention should be paid to their immunopathogenic importance in addition to their known cytotoxic and genotoxic effects. The occurrence and importance of the mycotoxin OTC should be more closely examined in this context.
    Toxicology 03/2003; 184(1):69-82. · 4.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The influence of pure OTA and an Aspergillus-ochraceus crude toxin on the intracellular expression and the secretion of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) alpha by the monocytic cell line THP-1 was studied in vitro. After 4 hours exposure, the secretion of TNF alpha was inhibited to 50% by pure OTA in a concentration of 400 ng/ml and by crude toxin in a concentration of 100 ng/ml. The same concentrations of mycotoxins impaired the mitochondrial activity of THP-1 cells only marginally. The intracellular expression of TNF alpha was not disturbed by pure OTA in the concentrations tested, whereas crude toxin showed an inhibitory effect. The possible reasons for these findings are discussed.
    DTW. Deutsche tierärztliche Wochenschrift 05/2002; 109(4):200-5. · 0.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The murine thymoma cell line EL-4 was used as an in vitro T-cell model to assess the immunomodulating effect of pure Ochratoxin A (OTA) and an Aspergillus ochraceus raw toxin preparation. Cytokine production (IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6) and cell viability of PMA-stimulated EL-4 cells were investigated in the presence of OTA. The cytotoxic effect of the raw toxin could be observed at lower concentrations than pure OTA. The IC50 values were 3 µg/ml and 11 µg/ml, respectively. Increasing concentrations of both OTA preparations caused an inhibition of cytokine production, but the inhibition effect of the raw toxin was stronger than of pure OTA. This is supposed to be the effect of further up to now not characterized substances in the raw toxin. Differences in the susceptibility of the mechanisms of production and regulation of each cytokine are indicated by the different concentrations for inhibition effects. Both toxin preparations showed also stimulating effects on some cytokines (IL-2 and IL-6) while others (IL-4 and IL-5) were depressed at these OTA concentrations. This indicates the immunomodulating properties of the toxin.
    Mycotoxin Research 06/2000; 16 Suppl 2:194-8.
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract The murine thymoma cell line EL-4 was used as an in vitro T-cell model to assess the immunomodulating effect of pure Ochratoxin A (OTA) and an Aspergillus ochraceus raw toxin preparation. Cytokine production (IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6) and cell viability of PMA-stimulated EL-4 cells were investigated in the presence of OTA. The cytotoxic effect of the raw toxin could be observed at lower concentrations than pure OTA. The IC50 values were 3 µg/ml and 11 µg/ml, respectively. Increasing concentrations of both OTA preparations caused an inhibition of cytokine production, but the inhibition effect of the raw toxin was stronger than of pure OTA. This is supposed to be the effect of further up to now not characterized substances in the raw toxin. Differences in the susceptibility of the mechanisms of production and regulation of each cytokine are indicated by the different concentrations for inhibition effects. Both toxin preparations showed also stimulating effects on some cytokines (IL-2 and IL-6) while others (IL-4 and IL-5) were depressed at these OTA concentrations. This indicates the immunomodulating properties of the toxin.
    Mycotoxin Research 01/2000; 16:194-198.