Toshiki Nakanishi

Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, Hamamatu, Shizuoka, Japan

Are you Toshiki Nakanishi?

Claim your profile

Publications (7)14.52 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Context:Although AP2S1 has recently been shown to be a causative gene for familial hypocalciuric hypercalcemia type 3 (FHH3), knowledge about FHH3 remains poor.Objective:To report AP2S1 mutation and effects of low calcium formula in a patient with hypercalcemia and hypercalciuria.Patient:This Japanese female infant was found to have hypercalcemia by a routine laboratory test for poor weight gain on breast feeding. At 49 days of age, serum calcium (adjusted by Payne's formula) was 13.1 mg/dL, intact PTH 27 pg/mL, and urinary calcium to creatinine ratio 1.29 mg/mg. There was no evidence for hyperparathyroidism, PTHrP-producing neoplasm, and vitamin D excess. These data, except for hypercalciuria, appeared to be consistent with defective calcium-sensing receptor-mediated signaling. With use of low calcium formula containing 2.6 mg/dL of calcium, she showed catch-up growth, and serum calcium was decreased, as was urinary calcium to creatinine ratio. Furthermore, feeding with a mixture of low calcium formula and standard formula with a 2:1 ratio maintained serum calcium ∼12 mg/dL without markedly increasing serum PTH.Results:Although no pathologic mutation was detected in CASR or GNA11, a presumably de novo heterozygous mutation (p.Arg15Leu), a previously reported causative mutation for FHH3, was identified in AP2S1 of this patient.Conclusions:The results imply that lack of hypocalciuria does not necessarily argue against the presence of AP2S1 mutations. The early infantile age of this patient would have played a certain role in the occurrence of hypercalciuria, and low calcium formula is worth attempting in infants with FHH.
    The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism 09/2013; · 6.50 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The prevalence of childhood obesity has increased worldwide over the past decade. Despite evidence that human milk lowers the risk of childhood obesity, the mechanism is not fully understood. AIMS: We investigated the direct effect of human milk on differentiation of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes. Study design and subjects: 3T3-L1 preadipocytes were treated with donated human milk only or the combination of the standard hormone mixture; insulin, dexamethasone (DEX), and 3-isobututyl-1-methylxanthine (IBMX). Furthermore, the induction of preadipocyte differentiation by extracted lipids from human milk was tested in comparison to the cells treated with lipid extracts from infant formula. Adipocyte differentiation, specific genes as well as formation of lipid droplets were examined. RESULTS: We clearly show that lipids present in human milk initiate 3T3-L1 preadipocyte differentiation. In contrast, this effect was not observed in response to lipids present in infant formula. The initiation of preadipocyte differentiation by human milk was enhanced by adding the adipogenic hormone, DEX or insulin. The expression of late adipocyte markers in Day 7 adipocytes that have been induced into differentiation with human milk lipid extracts was comparable to those in control cells initiated by a standard adipogenic hormone cocktail. CONCLUSIONS: These results demonstrate that human milk contains bioactive lipids that can initiate preadipocyte differentiation in the absence of the standard adipogenic compounds via a unique pathway.
    Early human development 06/2013; · 2.12 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Kawasaki disease (KD) is a severe inflammatory disease that occurs in childhood. Recently, the initial corticosteroid therapy for KD has been reconsidered because its efficacy is controversial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the dynamic change in endogenous glucocorticoid levels and their relation with 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (11beta-HSD) activity in the acute phase of KD. Sixteen KD patients were investigated. Cortisol and cortisone levels, the cortisol/cortisone ratio and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels were measured on admission, before the first intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) therapy and convalescence. The 16 patients were divided into two groups. Group A included patients who received the first IVIG on admission and blood samples were collected before the first IVIG and convalescence. Group B included patients whose blood samples were collected at three different time points (on admission, before the first IVIG, and convalescence). CRP and cortisol levels and the cortisol/cortisol ratio were markedly higher before the first IVIG than those of convalescence in all patients except in one patient. In Group B patients, both serum cortisol levels and the cortisol/cortisone ratio on admission were significantly increased compared with those before the first IVIG (cortisol: p<0.005, cortisol/cortisone: p<0.001). Decreases in cortisol levels and the cortisol/cortisone ratio before the first IVIG may be explained by a reduction in adrenal secretion and/or local glucocorticoid action through 11beta-HSD activity. These findings suggest that exogenous glucocorticoid treatment in combination with the first IVIG at the acute stage may play a synergetic role in KD.
    Steroids 12/2010; 75(12):848-52. · 2.80 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Antithyroid drugs are widely used in the therapy of Graves' disease (GD), and methimazole (MMI) is preferred for treatment of pediatric GD. The recommended initial dosage of MMI is 0.5-1.0 mg/kg/d for pediatric GD, although there are few studies on the optimal MMI dosage for initial treatment in children. We retrospectively compared the efficacy of different doses of MMI in 35 children with GD. Eight children were excluded due to lack of follow-up, etc. The remaining 27 children were divided into a high-dose group (HD; MMI≥0.7 (0.85 ± 0.13) mg/kg/d, n=8) and a low-dose group (LD; MMI<0.7 (0.51 ± 0.12) mg/kg/d, n=19), and we compared the time needed for the serum FT4 levels to normalize (≤1.6 ng/dl) between the groups. There were no significant differences between the FT4 levels (HD: 5.5 ± 2.8 ng/dl; LD: 5.0 ± 2.4 ng/dl p=0.59) or thyroid stimulating hormone receptor antibody levels (HD: 56.2 ± 29.3%; LD: 60.9 ± 27.2% p=0.69) between the groups before treatment. The mean time required to normalize the FT4 levels was 22.5 ± 7.4 d in the HD group and 28.8 ± 16.2 d in the LD group (p=0.30). In addition, no other factor influenced the time to efficacy of MMI. A dose of MMI<0.7 (0.51 ± 0.12) mg/kg/d appears to as effective as a higher dose in normalizing the serum FT4 level in children with mild or moderate GD.
    Clinical Pediatric Endocrinology 10/2010; 19(4):101-8.
  • Nippon rinsho. Japanese journal of clinical medicine 01/2007; 64 Suppl 9:723-8.
  • Nippon rinsho. Japanese journal of clinical medicine 03/2005; 63 Suppl 2:345-8.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Tissue-specific dysregulation of 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11beta-HSD1) activity in obese humans and animals may be associated with obesity and the metabolic syndrome. We investigated the effect of inhibition of 11beta-HSD with glycyrrhetinic acid (GE), an effective 11beta-HSD inhibitor, on body weight regulation in obese Zucker rats, which have a defect in the leptin receptor gene. GE (280 mg/kg/d) was administered in drinking water to 8-week-old male Zucker rats for 14 weeks. GE had no effect on food intake or weight gain, and did not affect hepatic 11beta-HSD1 and renal 11beta-HSD2 mRNA levels in obese rats. In contrast, average daily food intake and body weight on week 14 were significantly reduced by GE in lean rats (both P <.0001). Hepatic 11beta-HSD1 and renal 11beta-HSD2 mRNA levels were also significantly decreased by GE in lean rats (both P <.05). GE had no significant effect on plasma corticosterone levels in obese rats but lowered them in lean rats (P <.05). Plasma leptin levels declined in both GE-treated obese and lean rats (both P <.01). In conclusion, long-term GE treatment decreased weight gain in lean Zucker rats but not in obese Zucker rats. These findings suggest that the differing responses of 11beta-HSD1 to GE in obese and lean Zucker rats are closely associated with the different weight-gain responses. Furthermore, the weight-lowering effect of GE may require intact leptin receptors.
    Metabolism 06/2004; 53(5):600-6. · 3.10 Impact Factor