[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: For children with severe aplastic anemia (SAA) who fail immunosuppressive therapy and lack a human leucocyte antigen (HLA)-matched sibling donor, unrelated donors provide a source of hematopoietic stem cells. Data from 195 children with acquired SAA who underwent unrelated donor transplantation between 1989 and 2003 were analyzed. Neutrophil recovery (86% at day-28) was higher with total body irradiation-containing conditioning regimen and in younger recipients (aged < or =16 years) receiving grafts from older donors (aged >40 years). Recovery was lower after mismatched transplants and transplantations prior to 1997. Mortality rates were higher after mismatched transplants, in recipients with a poor performance score, and when the interval between diagnosis and transplantation was longer than 4 years. When restricted to donor-recipient pairs with allele-level HLA typing (8-loci; n = 118), mortality rates were also higher after mismatched transplants and older recipients receiving grafts from older donors; 5-year probabilities of overall survival after HLA-A, -B, -C, -DRB1 matched and mismatched transplants adjusted for donor and recipient age were 57% and 39%, respectively (P = 0.008). The data suggest that unrelated donor transplantation is an acceptable alternative for children; early referral for transplantation and identification of an HLA-matched (allele-level) donor offers the best outcome.
British Journal of Haematology 04/2008; 141(2):216-23. · 4.94 Impact Factor