ABSTRACT: We analyzed the anti-tumor effect and the mechanism of action of perifosine, an orally active alkylphospholipid AKT inhibitor using in vitro models of human ovarian cancer.
Ovarian cancer cells OAW42, PA-1, SKOV3, and A2780 as well as platinum resistant A2780cis cells were incubated with increasing concentrations of perifosine, with and without multi-caspase inhibitor zVAD-FMK. The effect of a combined treatment with cisplatin and perifosine was investigated in OAW42, SKOV3, A2780 and A2780cis cells. Cytotoxic effects of perifosine were analyzed using crystal violet staining, FACS analysis of DNA content as well as Annexin V/propidium iodide-double staining. The effect of perifosine on AKT phosphorylation was determined by Western blotting.
Perifosine displayed anti-tumor activity in all five cell lines, which increased time-dependently. While IC(50) values at 24 h were >40 μM, IC(50) values after 72 h decreased to 10 μM in OAW42 and 25 μM in PA-1 and 30 μm in SKOV3 cells. In platinum resistant A2780cis cells perifosine showed good antiproliferative activity (IC(50) = 3 μm). At adequate doses, perifosine increased cytotoxic effects of cisplatin in OAW42, A2780 and A2780cis cell. Anti-tumor activity of perifosine was not confined to a specific phase of the cell cycle and could not be decreased by the pan-caspase inhibitor zVAD-FMK. AnnexinV/propidium iodide-double staining after treatment with perifosine was not indicative of classical apoptosis. AKT phosphorylation was dose-dependently inhibited by perifosine.
Perifosine showed substantial cytotoxic effects in various in vitro models of ovarian cancer. Since anti-tumor effects were not confined to platinum-sensitive cells perifosine seems to be a good candidate for clinical studies in patients especially with platinum resistant ovarian cancer.
Archives of Gynecology 03/2011; 283(3):603-10. · 0.91 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: AEZS 112 is an orally active small molecule anticancer drug which inhibits the polymerization of tubulin at low micromolar concentrations. The current study investigates the anti-tumor effect and the mechanism of action of AEZS 112 in in vitro models of human ovarian and endometrial cancers. Four human ovarian and 2 endometrial cancer cell lines were incubated with increasing concentrations of AEZS 112 with and without multi-caspase inhibitor zVAD-FMK for 72 hours. Cytotoxic effects of AEZS 112 were analyzed using crystal violet staining, FACS analysis of DNA content as well as Annexin V/propidium iodide-double staining. AEZS 112 displayed anti-tumor activity in all six cell lines. The EC50 determined after 72-h incubation for Ishikawa and HEC 1A was 0.0312 and 0.125 microm, respectively. The EC50 was 5 microm for SKOV 3 cells, 1 microm for 0.5 microm for OAW 42 cells, 0.125 microm for OvW 1 cells and 0.0312 microm for PA 1 cells. Cytotoxic effects of AEZS 112 could not be abrogated by caspase inhibition with pan-caspase inhibitor zVAD-fmk. Annexin V/propidium iodide-double staining after treatment with AEZS 112 was indicative of necrosis-like cell death. AEZS 112 dose-dependently increased non-vital hypodiploid cells and the cytotoxic effect was least pronounced in G2 phase of the cell cycle, indicating cell death during mitosis, as determined by FACS analysis. The orally active small molecule tubulin inhibitor AEZS 112 showed anti-tumor activity in human ovarian and endometrial cancer cell lines at low micromolar concentrations, which could not be abrogated by caspase inhibition and is therefore a good candidate for in vivo studies in these tumors.
Oncology Reports 09/2009; 22(2):361-7. · 1.84 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: Perifosine is an orally active alkylphospholipid analog, which has shown anti-tumor activity in a variety of cancers by inhibition of AKT phosphorylation. The objective of the current study was to evaluate its efficacy in in vitro models of human endometrial cancer.
The effect of 10microM and 40microM perifosine on AKT phophorylation in human endometrial cancer cell lines Ishikawa and HEC 1A was determined by Western blotting. To screen for a putative anti-tumor effect, HEC 1A and Ishikawa cells were incubated with increasing concentrations of perifosine for 24h, 48h and 72h and the number of viable cells was determined by crystal violet staining. Also the effect of a combined treatment with cisplatin and perifosine was investigated in Ishikawa cells. Flow cytometric analysis of DNA content was used to determine the effect of perifosine on the cell cycle distribution of HEC 1A and Ishikawa cells and to assess potential toxic side effects of perifosine on peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL).
AKT phosphorylation was dose-dependently inhibited by perifosine. Concomitantly, perifosine displayed anti-tumor activity in both cell lines at concentrations that showed no effect on peripheral blood lymphocytes. Growth inhibitory effects became more pronounced with increasing treatment time. While IC 50 values at 24h were >40microM, IC 50 values after 48h were approximately 7microM in Ishikawa and 25microM in HEC 1A cells. After 72h, the IC 50 was below 1.25microM for Ishikawa and about 6microM for HEC 1A cells. Perifosine cotreatment substantially increased cytotoxic effects of cisplatin in human Ishikawa endometrial cancer cells. Of note, the anti-tumor activity of perifosine was not confined to a specific phase of the cell cycle.
The small molecule AKT inhibitor perifosine showed substantial anti-tumor activity in human endometrial cancer cell lines. Since these effects were increased with cisplatin, perifosine seems to be a good candidate for treatment combinations with classical cytostatic compounds. Thus, perifosine should be further evaluated in clinical studies in endometrial cancer.
European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology 08/2008; 141(1):64-9. · 1.97 Impact Factor