[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The dupA of Helicobacter pylori has been suggested as a virulence marker associated with the development of duodenal ulcer disease. However, the studies performed in different geographical areas have shown that there are variations in the prevalence of dupA and its association with H. pylori clinical outcomes. Our group did not observe associations between the presence of dupA and H. pylori clinical outcomes in Brazil. On the other hand, we observed 2 mutations in the sequence of dupA that lead to stop codons: a deletion of an adenine at position 1311 and an insertion of an adenine at position 1426 of the gene. Our aim was to evaluate associations of the presence of dupA with duodenal ulcer and gastric cancer, considering dupA-positive only those H. pylori strains that do not have the mutations in the gene sequence. We also evaluated the effect of infection with a strain carrying an intact dupA on the gastric mucosa histology and IL-8 gastric levels. Colonization with strains that had the intact dupA was negatively associated with gastric carcinoma (p=0.001, OR=0.32, 95% CI=0.16-0.66). The presence of dupA was also associated with an increased degree of antral mucosa inflammation (p=0.01) and with decreased corpus atrophy (p<0.01) as well as with increased gastric mucosa IL-8 levels (p=0.04). In conclusion, the infection with a H. pylori strain containing the dupA without the stop codon polymorphisms is associated with a lower risk of development of gastric carcinoma in Brazilian subjects.
International journal of medical microbiology: IJMM 11/2010; 301(3):225-8. DOI:10.1016/j.ijmm.2010.08.019 · 3.61 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Duodenal ulcer-promoting gene (dupA) was recently described as a new putative Helicobacter pylori virulence marker associated with an increased risk for duodenal ulcer and reduced risk for gastric carcinoma in Japan and Korea. Since differences regarding the association among H. pylori markers and H. pylori-associated diseases have been demonstrated around the world, we evaluated the presence of the gene in 482 strains from Brazilian children (34 with duodenal ulcer and 97 with gastritis) and adults (126 with duodenal ulcer, 144 with gastritis and 81 with gastric carcinoma) by PCR using the described primers and an additional set of primers based on Brazilian strain sequences. The results were confirmed by sequencing. The presence of cagA was investigated by PCR and also included in the analysis. dupA was present in 445 (92.32%) and absent in 29 (6.02%) strains. All samples from children with and without duodenal ulcer were dupA-positive (p=1.0). No association was observed among the strains from adults with gastritis (92.36%), duodenal ulcer (87.30%, p=0.30) and gastric carcinoma (87.65%, p=0.31). Conversely, cagA-positve status remained independently associated with duodenal ulcer (children: odds ratios (OR)=5.58, 95% confidence intervals (CI)=1.67-18.50; adults: OR=3.33, 95% CI=2.14-5.19) and gastric carcinoma (OR=6.58, 95% CI=3.51-12.30) in multivariate analyses. The presence of dupA was significantly higher in strains from children than in those from adults (p=0.01). In conclusion, dupA is highly frequent and not associated with H. pylori-associated diseases in both Brazilian adults and children, which points to regional differences in the distribution of the gene.
International journal of medical microbiology: IJMM 05/2008; 298(3-4):223-30. DOI:10.1016/j.ijmm.2007.05.006 · 3.61 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The immunological mechanisms involved in the development of duodenal ulcer, especially in childhood, are unclear. Helicobacter pylori-positive children and adults, with and without duodenal ulcer, were therefore compared with respect to CD4(+) T-cells, and CD8(+) T-cells, B-cells and B1a-cells, as well as cell activation (CD4(+)/HLA-DR(+) and CD8(+)/HLA-DR(+)) and co-stimulatory (CD4(+)/CD28(+) and CD8(+)/CD28(+)) markers, in peripheral blood. Children with and without duodenal ulcer differed significantly. In particular, there was a phenotypic change in CD8(+) T-cells from children with ulcer that involved a 200% increase in the number of CD8(+)/HLA-DR(+) cells/mm(3) and a decrease of 34.2% in the number of CD8(+)/CD28(+) cells/mm(3). This phenotype of chronically activated memory CD8(+) T-cells, which has also been observed in patients with AIDS and tuberculosis, is associated with disease severity and progression. A lower frequency of B1a-cells was also observed in the group of children with ulcer. Conversely, no difference between infected adults with and without ulcer was observed, but the percentage of CD4(+)/HLA-DR(+) cells was lower in adults with ulcer, suggesting that a down-regulated immune response may play a role in the development of duodenal ulcer in adults. Gastric inflammation correlated positively with CD4(+) and chronically activated CD4(+) T-cells in children and adults without duodenal ulcer, respectively. These results suggest that there are differences in the immunophenotyping profile between H. pylori-positive children and adults with duodenal ulcer, indicating the possibility of distinct immune mechanisms in the development of the disease according to age.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The [13C]urea breath test (13C-UBT) and Helicobacter pylori stool antigen test (HpSA) for the diagnosis of H. pylori infection in children were validated. The sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values were 93.8,
99.1, 97.8, and 98.0%, respectively, for the 13C-UBT and 96.9, 100, 100, and 98.0%, respectively, for HpSA. Both tests are appropriate for diagnosing H. pylori infection in children.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Although infection with a cagA-positive Helicobacter pylori strain is considered a risk factor for the development of duodenal peptic ulcer in adults, this association has not been demonstrated in children. The presence of cagA was investigated by polymerase chain reaction in H. pylori strains isolated from 27 children with duodenal ulcer and 53 without duodenal ulcer. All patients (100%) with duodenal ulcer and 33 (62.3%) without ulcer were colonized by a cagA-positive strain (P=.00007). A cagA-positive status was also associated with a more marked macroscopic gastritis, with a greater inflammatory infiltrate of both mononuclear and polymorphonuclear cells in the antral and oxyntic gastric mucosae and degenerative and regenerative changes of the gastric mucosa. Increased cagA positivity was also associated with increased age, but no association between cagA-positive status and sex was observed.
The Journal of Infectious Diseases 03/2000; 181(2):626-30. DOI:10.1086/315262 · 6.00 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We aimed to determine whether cytotoxin-positive Helicobacter pylori strains are associated with gastric carcinoma.
We studied 130 patients: 57 H. pylori-positive patients with gastric carcinoma, 53 H. pylori-positive patients without gastric carcinoma, and 20 H. pylori-negative subjects. The ability of H. pylori strains to produce vacuolating cytotoxin was tested in INT-407 and HeLa cells. The presence of antibodies to cytotoxin was investigated in blood serum from all subjects by immunoblotting. Fragments of the gastric mucosa from patients without gastric carcinoma and H. pylori-negative subjects were obtained for histopathological study.
Considering the results as a whole, 40 (70.2%) patients with and 22 (41.5%) without gastric carcinoma were colonized by cytotoxin-positive strains. Antibodies against cytotoxin were not observed in the serum from 17 (29.8%) gastric carcinoma patients and from 31 (58.5%) patients without gastric carcinoma. H. pylori strains isolated from these patients did not produce cytotoxin in vitro. In regard to cytotoxin positivity, a significant difference was observed between patients with and without gastric carcinoma (p=0.004; odds ratio [OR]: 3.3; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.4-7.9). Higher scores of mononuclear (p=0.0001) and polymorphonuclear (p=0.000003) cells were observed in the antral mucosa from H. pylori-positive patients without gastric carcinoma infected by cytotoxin-positive strains than in those harboring cytotoxin-negative strains.
Cytotoxin-producing H. pylori strains were more frequently observed in patients with gastric carcinoma and this aspect emphasizes the role of cytotoxin in the genesis of the tumor.
The American Journal of Gastroenterology 11/1998; 93(10):1841-7. DOI:10.1111/j.1572-0241.1998.533_d.x · 10.76 Impact Factor