[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Osteomas are benign, typically slow-growing tumors composed of densely sclerotic, well circumscribed bone. Laryngeal osteomas are extremely rare. We report an extremely rare case of laryngeal osteoma. The patient had complaints ofdysphonia for 3 years and, dyspnea for 1 month. There was a supraglottic mass filling the laryngeal lumen on indirect laryngoscopic examination. Mass was completely excised using microlaryngoscopic instruments. After the operation, the patient’s complaints were completely resolved. Case reports and a review of the world literature concerning laryngeal osteoma and treatment are presented.
Medical Journal of Trakya University / Trakya Universitesi Tip Fakultesi Dergisi 12/2010; 27(4). DOI:10.5174/tutfd.2008.01075.1 · 0.11 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objectives: To investigate the patients with parotid tumors retrospectively and to evaluate the surgical procedure, histopathologic results, incidence, follow-up time and complications.Patients and Methods: The study included 56 patients (38 males, 18 females; mean age 52.7 years; range 7 to 86 years) who presented with a mass below or in front of the ear between January 2000 and May 2008. The data regarding patient age, sex, surgical procedure, postoperative histopathologic results and follow-up time were recorded.Results: One of the male patients underwent operation twice because of the bilateral parotid mass. According to the postoperative histopathologic results, 37 of the cases were benign (64.9%), and 20 of them were malign (35.1%). Pleomorphic adenoma (13 patients) and Whartin tumor (13 patients) incidence were similar. Partial superficial parotidectomy, superficial parotidectomy, and total parotidectomy were performed. In addition, some of the patients underwent neck dissection. The most frequent complication was transient facial nerve paresis.Conclusion: For the management of benign parotid gland tumors, superficial or partial superficial parotidectomy is a sufficient surgery. For malign tumors, superficial or total parotidectomy; in cases with neck masses, neck dissection; and in cases involving the facial nerve, facial nerve resection and reconstruction should be performed. According to the type of tumor, postoperative radiation therapy and chemotherapy should be performed as well.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objectives: To evaluate the clinical signs and symptoms, diagnosis-treatments, distributions and outcomes of patients with intracranial complications due to chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM). Patients and Methods: Data of 42 patients (27 males, 15 gemales; mean age 31.3 years; range 9 to 74 years) diagnosed as intracranial complication due to CSOM were reviewed retrospectively. Patients were investigated on the basis of age, sex, symptoms, findings of otoscopic examination, complications, radiological evaluations, methods of management and findings at the operation. Results: Complications occurred predominantly in patients between 31 and 40 years of age (33.3%). Severe headache, nausea-vomiting, otalgia, purulent otorrhea and fever were the most common signs and symptoms. Meningitis was the most common (15 patients, 35.7%), brain abscess (14 patients, 33.3%) and lateral sinus thrombosis (10 patients, 23.8%) were second and third common complications. The overall mortality rate was 2.4% (in one patient who was comatose on admission), whereas it was 7.1% for patients with brain abscess. Conclusion: Intracranial complications of CSOM are still a serious problem due to life-threatening condition. If a patient with active CSOM has severe headache, nausea-vomiting, otalgia and fever, otogenic intracranial complication should be considered, and detailed evaluation should be performed for early diagnosis since the level of consciousness on admission is an important prognostic factor.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objectives: We evaluated early and late complications of tracheotomy in patients who underwent tracheotomy for prolonged entubation.Patients and Methods: This retrospective study included 227 patients (124 males, 103 females; mean age 47.2 years; range 3 to 85 years) who underwent tracheotomy for prolonged entubation during hospitalization at Reanimation and Intensive Care Unit, Coronary Intensive Care Unit, Cardiovascular Surgery Intensive Care Unit, Neurology Unit, and Chest Diseases Unit. There were 10 children and 217 adult patients. Patients who underwent tracheotomy for upper airway obstruction were excluded.Results: The mean duration of intubation was 10.4 days (range 9 to 13 days). Early complications included hemorrhage (n=15, 6.6%) and subcutaneous emphysema (n=3, 1.3%), and late complications included laryngotracheal stenosis (n=2, 3.2%) and difficult decannulation (n=1, 1.6%). Mortality due to tracheotomy did not occur.Conclusion: Establishing a tracheotomy in patients with prolonged intubation is a reliable surgical procedure with low complication risk, providing a safe ventilatory respiration.