Theodoros Loizidis

Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, SalonĂ­ki, Central Macedonia, Greece

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Publications (3)8.13 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Previous studies have shown contradictory results regarding magnesium-mediated neuroprotection in animal models of perinatal asphyxia. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of MgSO(4) postasphyxial treatment on hypoxia-ischemia (HI)-induced brain injury in neonatal rats and the possibility that this effect is related to the severity of brain damage. Seven-day-old rats underwent unilateral carotid artery ligation followed by 1 or 2 hours of hypoxia (8% O(2)) and MgSO(4) administration. Adenosine triphosphate/phosphocreatine and glutamate/glutamine measurements and neuropathological evaluation of the hippocampus were used to assess the effects of HI and MgSO(4). HI caused time-dependent changes in energy stores, amino acid concentrations, and brain damage. Administration of MgSO(4) after 1 hour but not after 2 hours of hypoxia resulted in significant prevention of HI-induced brain injury. MgSO(4) administration results in a significant protection against moderate HI-induced brain damage, whereas it fails to offer a similar effect against severe brain damage.
    Reproductive sciences (Thousand Oaks, Calif.) 11/2007; 14(7):667-77. DOI:10.1177/1933719107305864 · 2.23 Impact Factor
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    T Loizidis · A Sioga · L Economou · A Frosinis · A Kyparos · A Zotou · M Albani ·
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    ABSTRACT: This study was designed to investigate the effects of peripheral arterial insufficiency, exercise, and vitamin C administration on muscle performance, cross-sectional area, and ultrastructural morphology in extensor digitorum longus (EDL) and soleus (Sol) muscles in rats. Adult Wistar rats were assigned to ischemia alone (isch), ischemia-exercised (exe), ischemia-vitamin C (vit C), and ischemia-exercise-vitamin C (vit C + exe) groups. Ischemia was achieved via unilateral ligation of the right common iliac artery. Contralateral muscles within the same animal served as controls. Exercise protocol consisted of 50-min intermittent level running performed every other day for 5 days. Vitamin C (100 mg/kg body wt) was administered intraperitoneally on a daily basis throughout the 14 days of the experiment. With regard to the EDL muscle, ischemia alone reduced muscle strength, which was not recovered after vitamin C administration. Exercise alone following ischemia induced the most severe structural damage and cross-sectional area decrease in the muscle, yet the reduction in tetanic tension was not significant. Exercise in conjunction with vitamin C administration preserved ischemia-induced EDL muscle tetanic tension. In the Sol muscle, a significant reduction in single twitch tension after vitamin C administration was found, whereas the tetanic force of the ischemic Sol was not significantly decreased compared with the contralateral muscles in any group. Ischemic Sol muscle cross-sectional area was reduced in all but the exe groups. In Sol, muscle strength was reduced in the vit C group, and mean cross-sectional area of ischemic Sol muscles was reduced in all groups except the exe group. These results illustrate that mild exercise, combined with a low dose of vitamin C supplementation, may have beneficial effects on ischemic EDL muscle with a smaller effect on the Sol muscle.
    Journal of Applied Physiology 02/2007; 102(1):321-30. DOI:10.1152/japplphysiol.00251.2005 · 3.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The present study tests the hypothesis that ketamine, a dissociative anesthetic known to be a non-competitive antagonist of the NMDA receptor, will attenuate hypoxic-ischemic damage in neonatal rat brain. Studies were performed in 7-day-old rat pups which were divided into four groups. Animals of the first group, neither ligated nor exposed to hypoxia, served as controls. The second group was exposed to hypoxic-ischemic conditions and sacrificed immediately afterwards. Animals of the third and fourth groups were treated either with saline or ketamine (20 mg/kg, i.p.) in four doses following hypoxia. Hypoxic-ischemic injury to the left cerebral hemisphere was induced by ligation of the left common carotid artery followed by 1 h of hypoxia with 8% oxygen. Measurements of high energy phosphates (ATP and phosphocreatine) and amino acids (glutamate and glutamine) and neuropathological evaluation of the hippocampal formation were used to assess the effects of hypoxia-ischemia. The combination of common carotid artery ligation and exposure to an hypoxic environment caused major alterations in the ipsilateral hemisphere. In contrast, minor alterations in amino acid concentrations were observed after the end of hypoxia in the contralateral hemisphere. These alterations were restored during the early recovery period. Post-treatment with ketamine was associated with partial restoration of energy stores and amino acid content of the left cerebral hemisphere. Limited attenuation of the damage to the hippocampal formation as demonstrated by a reduction in the number of damaged neurons was also observed. These findings demonstrate that systemically administered ketamine after hypoxia offers partial protection to the newborn rat brain against hypoxic-ischemic injury.
    Brain Research 03/1999; 819(1-2):1-7. DOI:10.1016/S0006-8993(98)01333-X · 2.84 Impact Factor