Theodoros Argyrakos

Νοσοκομείο Παίδων Η Αγία Σοφία, Athínai, Attica, Greece

Are you Theodoros Argyrakos?

Claim your profile

Publications (7)23.93 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Congenital nevi are one of the known risk factors for the development of melanoma. However, the magnitude of the risk for both large and small congenital nevi is controversial. In order to elucidate the behavior of congenital nevocytes and to define any possible similarities or differences with common nevi and melanomas, we investigated the expression of Ki-67, Rb, p16, cyclin D1, p53 and p21/Waf-1 in 41 congenital nevi, 16 melanomas and 20 acquired common nevi by immunohistochemistry. Congenital nevi highly expressed p16 (81.82 +/- 9.98) but showed limited, if any, reactivity for Ki-67 (1.34% +/- 0.89), Rb (0.76% +/- 0.94), cyclin D1 (0.21% +/- 0.29), p53 (0.54% +/- 0.93) and p21 (0.0609% +/- 0.32). No statistically significant difference was found between giant and nongiant congenital nevi and between congenital and common nevi for any of the markers. The expression of p16 was significantly higher in congenital nevi than in melanomas (p < 0.0001). On the contrary, the expression of Ki-67, p53, p21, Rb and cyclin D1 was significantly higher in melanomas (p < 0.0001). Our data regarding the immunohistochemical expression of Rb, p16, p53, cyclin D1 and Ki-67 in congenital nevi indicate that either the alteration of their expression is not an initiating event in melanoma formation or, alternatively, congenital melanocytic nevi may not be the first step in malignant transformation.
    Journal of Cutaneous Pathology 05/2008; 35(9):799-808. · 1.56 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the histological and immunohistochemical features of granuloma annulare (GA) in comparison to deep granuloma annulare (DGA) and granulomatous dermatoses (GDs). Our material comprised 13 GA, 8 DGA and 1 atypical granuloma annulare (AGA) in a child with primary immunodeficiency, 10 cases of nonspecific GDs and 1 case of sarcoidosis with cutaneous involvement. The immunohistochemical streptavidin-biotin-Horseradish peroxidase (HRP) analysis was performed on paraffin sections for the detection of CD68/KP-1, CD68/anti-human CD68 clone PGM1 (PGM1), lysozyme, S-100 protein, CD1a, CD3, CD20/L-26, CD4 and CD8. All 13 GA were characterized by typical palisading and interstitial granulomas. In 6 cases, the lesion extended to the subcutaneous fat, while a considerable perivascular lymphocytic infiltrate without any signs of vasculitis was observed in 10 cases. The DGA were located to the deep dermis and subcutaneous fat, showing palisading granulomas with central necrobiosis. Immunohistochemistry revealed a broad intense expression of CD68/PGM1 in the histiocytic population in all cases, a constant but fainter detection of CD68/KP-1 and a variable one of lysozyme. T-cell markers (CD3, CD4 and CD8) were mainly detected in the perivascular lymphocytic infiltrate of GA and DGA, with CD4+ T lymphocytes predominating over CD8+ in GA and DGA, while CD8+ T lymphocytes was the predominant population in AGA. CD68/PGM1 is a sensitive and reliable histiocytic marker in confirming the histiocytic nature of equivocal GA and DGA, but the histiocytic immunoprofile is of no particular usefulness in differentiating GA from other GD.
    Journal of Cutaneous Pathology 06/2007; 34(5):392-6. · 1.56 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Deregulated cell cycle control is one of the hallmarks of tumor development. The expression of different cell cycle regulators has been used in various neoplasms as an adjunct to diagnosis. We sough to determine the expression of cell cycle and apoptosis regulators in Spitz nevi and to appraise its value as a diagnostic adjunct in the differential diagnosis from melanomas and common nevi. Ki-67, p-27, p-16, p-53, p-21, Rb, cyclin D1, cyclin A, cyclin B1, bcl-2, and bax expression was assessed by immunohistochemistry in 10 Spitz nevi and was compared with 16 melanomas and 20 common nevi immunohistochemical expression. P-27 (60% +/- 20.13), p-16 (62.00% +/- 10.85), and bcl-2 (46.00% +/- 42.47) were highly expressed in Spitz nevi, whereas Ki-67 (2.80% +/- 2.55), Rb (3.75% +/- 4.55), p-53 (2.30% +/- 0.10), cyclin A (0.70% +/- 1.56), B1 (0.20% +/- 0.34), and bax (2.65% +/- 6.37) demonstrated a limited expression. Cyclin D1 (8.60% +/- 7.30) and p-21 (6.40% +/- 5.37) showed a moderate expression. The expression of bax (P = .001), Ki-67 (P < .0001), Rb (P < .0001), p-16 (P < .0001), cyclin A (P < .0001), and cyclin B1 (P < .0001) was significantly higher in melanomas in comparison with Spitz nevi, whereas p-27 expression was significantly higher in Spitz nevi (P < .0001). A trend for significant difference in favor of melanomas was also observed for p-53 (P = .002). On the other hand, no difference was detected for bcl-2 (P = .275), p-21 (P = .055), or cyclin D1 (P = .077). Spitz nevi demonstrated a trend for a higher expression for p-21 (P = .008) and cyclin D1 (P = .006), whereas they exhibited lower p-16 (P = .004) in comparison with common nevi. The number of Spitz nevi was relatively small. Spitz nevi differ from melanomas in their immunohistochemical pattern of expression of cell cycle and apoptosis regulators and more closely resemble common benign nevi.
    Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology 05/2007; 56(5):815-24. · 5.00 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Melanocytes represent a static component of the epidermis, and the role of apoptosis in basal melanocyte function and melanocytic tumour formation has not been fully elucidated. The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of Bcl-2 anti-apoptotic and Bax apoptotic proteins in congenital naevi in correlation with p-27 protein and Ki-67 proliferative index. Our material comprised 30 congenital naevi (eight giant) excised from children aged from 15 days to 14 years old. The immunohistochemical streptavidin-biotin method was performed on paraffin sections for the detection of Bcl-2 (cl100/D5), Bax (cl2D2) , Ki-67 (MIB-1) and p-27 (1B4) proteins with monoclonal antibodies. Bcl-2 protein was detected in all cases showing a strong diffuse cytoplasmic expression in >70% of the naevocytes and was preserved in the deeper parts of the naevi. On the other hand, Bax was detected in 13 of the cases, showing a fainter cytoplasmic expression in 40-50% of the naevocytes without any particular topographic distribution. Ki-67 was detected in all cases showing a limited expression in 1-2% of the nuclei mainly in the junctional and upper dermal components. p-27 protein showed a broad diffuse nuclear expression (>70% of the nuclei) in all cases with a particular increase in the deeper parts of the naevi. Bcl-2 expression showed a parallel correlation with p-27 protein. Broad Bcl-2 expression in congenital naevi suggests that suppression of apoptosis may play an important role in the maintenance of naevocytes despite the low proliferative activity.
    British Journal of Dermatology 07/2006; 154(6):1175-9. · 4.10 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The treatment of keloids remains unsatisfactory. Intralesional 5-fluorouracil (FU) has not been much investigated as a monotherapy in the treatment of keloids. We sought to evaluate the use of intralesional injections of 5-FU in the treatment of keloids. A total of 20 patients (11 male and 9 female) were treated once weekly with intralesional injections of 5-FU (50 mg/mL). Patients received an average of 7 treatments. Average injection volumes were 0.2 to 0.4 mL/cm2. All patients had full blood cell count, liver function tests, and renal function tests before and after treatment was commenced. A total of 10 patients had biopsy specimens taken before starting treatment as a baseline and after 6 sessions. Routine hematoxylin-eosin and immunohistochemical analysis detecting Ki-67 and transforming growth factor-beta were performed on paraffin sections. All patients were followed up for 12 months, or until recurrence was noted. Of 20 patients, 17 (85%) showed more than 50% improvement. Only one did not respond favorably. Small and previously untreated lesions improved the most. Pain (20 of 20), hyperpigmentation (20 of 20), and tissue sloughing (6 of 20) were the main adverse effects. Histopathologic and immunohistochemical evaluation were consistent with the clinical observations. Ki-67 proliferative index was significantly reduced (P = .0001) after treatment. Transforming growth factor-beta was reduced less significantly. Recurrence was noted in 47% (9 of 19) of patients who responded to treatment within 1 year. A correlation was found ( P = .028) between the duration of the lesions and recurrence. Our study demonstrates that intralesional 5-FU may be effective in the treatment of keloids, but recurrence is common and further investigation is required.
    Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology 04/2005; 52(3 Pt 1):474-9. · 5.00 Impact Factor
  • British Journal of Dermatology 03/2005; 152(2):373-4. · 4.10 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This report documents the occurrence of an extranodal cytotoxic peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL) in a patient with X-linked agammaglobulinaemia (XLA). The diagnosis was based on the immunohistochemical detection of T-cell antigens and of the cytotoxic proteins TIA1 and Granzyme B in the tumour cells. This report provides further evidence that cytotoxic lymphomas are part of the differential diagnosis of neoplasia in patients with immunodeficiencies.
    Leukemia and Lymphoma 07/2001; 42(1-2):235-8. · 2.61 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

81 Citations
23.93 Total Impact Points


  • 2008
    • Νοσοκομείο Παίδων Η Αγία Σοφία
      Athínai, Attica, Greece
  • 2005–2008
    • A. Sygros Hospital
      Athínai, Attica, Greece
  • 2006–2007
    • Κωνσταντοπούλειο νοσοκομείο Νέας Ιωνίας (Η Αγία Όλγα)
      Athínai, Attica, Greece
  • 2001
    • Evangelismos Hospital
      Athínai, Attica, Greece