Publications (2)4.94 Total impact
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ABSTRACT: Numerous enzymes of the mammalian SUMO modification pathway, including two members of the SUMO protease family, SENP2 and SENP1, localize to the nuclear periphery. The SUMO proteases play roles both in processing SUMO during the biogenesis of this peptide moiety and also in reversing SUMO modification on specific targets to control the activities conferred by this post-translational modification. Although interaction with the C-terminal domain of the nucleoporin Nup153 is thought to contribute to SENP2 localization at the nuclear pore complex, little is known about the binding partners of SENP1 at the nuclear periphery. We have found that Nup153 binds to both SENP1 and SENP2 and does so by interacting with the unique N-terminal domain of Nup153 as well as a specific region within the C-terminal FG-rich region. We have further found that Nup153 is a substrate for sumoylation, with this modification kept in check by these two SUMO proteases. Specifically, either RNAi depletion of SENP1/SENP2 or expression of dominantly interfering mutants of these proteins results in increased sumoylation of endogenous Nup153. While SENP1 and SENP2 share many characteristics, we show here that SENP1 levels are influenced by the presence of Nup153, whereas SENP2 is not sensitive to changes in Nup153 abundance.Nucleus (Austin, Texas) 07/2012; 3(4):349-58.
Article: Nuclear envelope breakdown is coordinated by both Nup358/RanBP2 and Nup153, two nucleoporins with zinc finger modules.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: When higher eukaryotic cells transition into mitosis, the nuclear envelope, nuclear pore complexes, and nuclear lamina are coordinately disassembled. The COPI coatomer complex, which plays a major role in membrane remodeling at the Golgi, has been implicated in the process of nuclear envelope breakdown and requires interactions at the nuclear pore complex for recruitment to this new site of action at mitosis. Nup153, a resident of the nuclear pore basket, was found to be involved in COPI recruitment, but the molecular nature of the interface between COPI and the nuclear pore has not been fully elucidated. To better understand what occurs at the nuclear pore at this juncture, we have probed the role of the nucleoporin Nup358/RanBP2. Nup358 contains a repetitive zinc finger domain with overall organization similar to a region within Nup153 that is critical to COPI association, yet inspection of these two zinc finger domains reveals features that also clearly distinguish them. Here, we found that the Nup358 zinc finger domain, but not a zinc finger domain from an unrelated protein, binds to COPI and dominantly inhibits progression of nuclear envelope breakdown in an assay that robustly recapitulates this process in vitro. Moreover, the Nup358 zinc finger domain interferes with COPI recruitment to the nuclear rim. Consistent with a role for this pore protein in coordinating nuclear envelope breakdown, Nup358-specific antibodies impair nuclear disassembly. Significantly, targeting either Nup153 or Nup358 for inhibition perturbs nuclear envelope breakdown, supporting a model in which these nucleoporins play nonredundant roles, perhaps contributing to COPI recruitment platforms on both the nuclear and cytoplasmic faces of the pore. We found that an individual zinc finger is the minimal interface for COPI association, although tandem zinc fingers are optimal. These results provide new information about the critical components of nuclear membrane remodeling and lay the foundation for a better understanding of how this process is regulated.Molecular Biology of the Cell 03/2006; 17(2):760-9. · 4.94 Impact Factor