[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: It has been shown recently that platelet indices like mean platelet volume (MPV), platelet size deviation width (PDW) and platelet-to-large-cell ratio (P-LCR) are helpful in the discrimination between hyperdestructive thrombocytopenia like idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) and hypoproductive thrombocytopenia (HT). The aim of the study is to assess the reliability of these indices in the differentiation of ITP from other thrombocytopenias.
We recruited 134 thrombocytopenic patients (69 men, 65 women) who were divided into two groups according to the underlying disease: group I (n = 63) included ITP patients, whereas group II (n = 71) included patients with HT due to myelosuppression secondary to chemotherapy for hematological malignancies. Platelet indices were derived from a Sysmex automated cell counter. Sensitivity, specificity, positive prognostic value, negative prognostic value, efficiency and Youden index were calculated.
Concerning MPV and PDW indices, sensitivity, specificity, positive prognostic value, negative prognostic value, efficiency and Youden index were 100% for the diagnosis of ITP. On the contrary, the values for P-LCR were significantly lower.
MPV and PDW can be safely relied on for a positive diagnosis of ITP. MPV and PDW were superior to P-LCR.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The two most frequent microcytic anemias are beta-thalassemic trait (beta-TT) and iron deficiency anemia (IDA). Several discrimination indices have been proposed to distinguish between these two conditions. These indices are derived from several simple red blood cell indices, like red blood cell (RBC) count, mean cell volume, and RBC distribution width (RDW), as these are provided by electronic cell counters. The purpose of the study is to examine the diagnostic accuracy of six discrimination indices in the differentiation between IDA and beta-TT. The six discrimination indices that were examined were as follows: Mentzer Index (MI), Green & King Index (G&K), RDW Index (RDWI), England & Fraser Index (E&F), RDW, and RBC count. We calculated these indices on 373 patients (205 men, 168 women) with beta-TT and 120 patients (50 men, 70 women) with IDA, as well as their sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative prognostic value, efficiency, and Youden's index (YI). G&K shows the highest reliability, followed by E&F, RBC count, MI, and RDWI. On the contrary, RDW completely failed to differentiate between IDA and beta-TT. G&K proved to be the most reliable index as it had the highest sensitivity (75.06%), efficiency (80.12%), and YI (70.86%) for the detection of beta-TT. These six discrimination indices cannot be relied on for a safe differential diagnosis between beta-TT and IDA. They do have high specificity, but their sensitivity for the detection of beta-TT is not satisfactory. Consequently, they cannot be used neither as a screening tool for beta-TT because they could result in a significant number of false negative results.
Annals of Hematology 07/2007; 86(7):487-91. DOI:10.1007/s00277-007-0302-x · 2.63 Impact Factor