Stanley C W Ko

University of Leeds, Leeds, England, United Kingdom

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Publications (2)12.96 Total impact

  • Mark A Hull, Stanley C W Ko, Gillian Hawcroft
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    ABSTRACT: The importance of the prostaglandin (PG) synthesis pathway, particularly the rate-limiting enzymatic step catalyzed by cyclooxygenase, to colorectal carcinogenesis and development of novel anticolorectal cancer therapy is well established. The predominant PG species in benign and malignant colorectal tumors is PGE2. PGE2 acts via four EP receptors termed EP1 to EP4. Recently, EP receptors have been identified as potential targets for treatment and/or prevention of colorectal cancer. This review summarizes existing knowledge of the expression and function of the EP receptor subtypes in human and rodent intestine during tumorigenic progression and describes the current literature on targeting EP receptor signaling during intestinal tumorigenesis.
    Molecular Cancer Therapeutics 09/2004; 3(8):1031-9. · 5.60 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In human colorectal adenomas or polyps, cyclooxygenase-2 is expressed predominantly by stromal (or interstitial) macrophages. Therefore, we tested the hypothesis that macrophage cyclooxygenase-2 has paracrine pro-tumorigenic activity using in vitro models of macrophage-epithelial cell interactions. We report that macrophages can promote tumorigenic progression of intestinal epithelial cells (evidenced by decreased cell-cell contact inhibition, increased proliferation and apoptosis, gain of anchorage-independent growth capability, decreased membranous E-cadherin expression, up-regulation of cyclooxygenase-2 expression, down-regulation of transforming growth factor-beta type II receptor expression and resistance to the anti-proliferative activity of transforming growth factor-beta(1)) in a paracrine, cyclooxygenase-2-dependent manner. Pharmacologically relevant concentrations (1-2 microM) of a selective cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor had no detectable, direct effect on intestinal epithelial cells but inhibited the macrophage-epithelial cell signal mediating tumorigenic progression. Cyclooxygenase-2-mediated stromal-epithelial cell signalling during the early stages of intestinal tumorigenesis provides a novel target for chemoprevention of colorectal cancer (and other gastro-intestinal epithelial malignancies, which arise on a background of chronic inflammation, such as gastric cancer) and may explain the discrepancy between the concentrations of cyclooxygenase inhibitors required to produce anti-neoplastic effects in vitro and in vivo.
    Oncogene 11/2002; 21(47):7175-86. · 7.36 Impact Factor