[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Polygonum hydropiper L. (Polygonaceae) has been traditionally used to treat various inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis. However, no systematic studies on the anti-inflammatory actions of Polygonum hydropiper and its inhibitory mechanisms have been reported. This study is therefore aimed at exploring the anti-inflammatory effects of 99% methanol extracts (Ph-ME) of this plant.
The effects of Ph-ME on the production of inflammatory mediators in RAW264.7 cells and peritoneal macrophages were investigated. Molecular mechanisms underlying the effects, especially inhibitory effects, were elucidated by analyzing the activation of transcription factors and their upstream signalling, and by evaluating the kinase activities of target enzymes. Additionally, a dextran sulphate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis model was employed to see whether this extract can be used as an orally available drug.
Ph-ME dose-dependently suppressed the release of nitric oxide (NO), tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-α, and prostaglandin (PG)E(2), in RAW264.7 cells and peritoneal macrophages stimulated by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Ph-ME inhibited mRNA expression of pro-inflammatory genes such as inducible NO synthase (iNOS), cyclooxygenase (COX)-2, and TNF-α by suppressing the activation of nuclear factor (NF)-κB, activator protein (AP-1), and cAMP responsive element binding protein (CREB), and simultaneously inhibited its upstream inflammatory signalling cascades, including cascades involving Syk, Src, and IRAK1. Consistent with these findings, the extract strongly suppressed the kinase activities of Src and Syk. Based on HPLC analysis, quercetin, which inhibits NO and PGE(2) activities, was found as one of the active ingredients in Ph-ME.
Ph-ME exerts strong anti-inflammatory activity by suppressing Src/Syk/NF-κB and IRAK/AP-1/CREB pathways, which contribute to its major ethno-pharmacological role as an anti-gastritis remedy.
Journal of ethnopharmacology 12/2011; 139(2):616-25. · 2.32 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: It needs to develop high phosphate-available rice that is able to minimize environmental pollution caused by phosphate fertilizer. Then we have transformed 4 rice transporter genes, OsPT(Oryza sativa Phosphate Transporter)1, OsPT4, OsPT7 or OsPT8, to rice (Oryza sativa cv. Dongjin) via Agrobacterium-mediated transformation. We tested adaptation in the P-deficient condition of Dongjin (parental) and each transgenic line in the pot and the field conditions. Definite physiological changes have been observed in OsPTs transgenic lines including culm length, root formation and heading date. Phosphate uptake at harvesting stage was about three times higher in OsPT1-OX (overexpression) and OsPT4-OX than in Dongjin (wt) without P application. There are no variations in total phosphate-content of brown rice of OsPT1-OX in spite of high phosphate uptake. Practically the expression of OsPT1 has contributed to stabilize grain production without P fertilization in rice cultivation than Dongjin.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study was conducted to evaluate yield and forage quality of domestic silage corn hybrids at different planting dates. Days to silking of Suwon169 and P3394 were 62 days, respectively, the shortest among corn hybrids and Gangdaok was the longest. Cheonganok was more resistant to lodging than other hybrids. Kwangpyeongok and Gangdaok were more excellent to stay-green than other hybrids. Ear ratios to total dry matter of other domestic hybrids except Gangdaok were similar with those of DK697 and P3394. Ear ratios to total dry matter were similar in planting dates, May 3 and May 21 with 46% and 45% but June 11, low with 41%. Fresh yield of Gangdaok was the highest of all hybrids and other hybrids except Gangdaok were similar. Dry matter (DM) yields of domestic hybrids except Cheonganok were similar to those of DK697 and P3394. Total digestible nutrients (TDN) yields of domestic hybrids were no significant difference compared with those of DK697 and P3394. Fresh yield, DM yield and TDN yield of all hybrids were similar in planting dates, May 3 and May 21 but those of all hybrids were reduced in planting date, June 11 compared with May 3 and May 21. All hybrids were no significant difference in acid detergent fiber (ADF) which had values ranging from . All hybrids were no significant difference in neutral detergent fiber (NDF) which had values ranging from . There were no significant differences in ADF and NDF according to planting dates. Relative feed value (RFV) of P3394 was the lowest of all hybrids. Other hybrids except P3394 had values ranging from and was no significant difference in RFV. It is concluded that domestic hybrids tested in this study have high forage quality as well as high production similar to those of imported corn hybrids.
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science. 01/2009; 29(3).
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: During brown planthopper (BPH) feeding on rice plants, we employed a modified representational difference analysis (RDA) method to detect rare transcripts among those differentially expressed in SNBC61, a BPH resistant near-isogenic line (NIL) carrying the Bph1 resistance gene. This identified 3 RDA clones: OsBphi237, OsBphi252 and OsBphi262. DNA gel-blot analysis revealed that the loci of the RDA clones in SNBC61 corresponded to the alleles of the BPH resistant donor Samgangbyeo. Expression analysis indicated that the RDA genes were up-regulated in SNBC61 during BPH feeding. Interestingly, analysis of 64 SNBC NILs, derived from backcrosses of Samgangbyeo with a BPH susceptible Nagdongbyeo, using a cleaved amplified polymorphic sequence (CAPS) marker indicated that OsBphi252, which encodes a putative lipoxygenase (LOX), co-segregates with BPH resistance. Our results suggest that OsBphi252 is tightly linked to Bph1, and may be useful in marker-assisted selection (MAS) for resistance to BPH.
Molecular Genetics and Genomics 07/2008; 280(2):163-72. · 2.88 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The development of rice varieties (Oryza sativa L.) that are resistant to the brown planthopper (BPH; Nilaparvata lugens Stål) is an important objective in current breeding programs. In this study, we generated 132 BC(5)F(5) near-isogenic rice lines (NILs) by five backcrosses of Samgangbyeo, a BPH resistant indica variety carrying the Bph1 locus, with Nagdongbyeo, a BPH susceptible japonica variety. To identify genes that confer BPH resistance, we employed representational difference analysis (RDA) to detect transcripts that were exclusively expressed in one of our BPH resistant NIL, SNBC61, during insect feeding. The chromosomal mapping of the RDA clones that we subsequently isolated revealed that they are located in close proximity either to known quantitative trait loci or to an introgressed SSR marker from the BPH resistant donor parent Samgangbyeo. Genomic DNA gel-blot analysis further revealed that loci of all RDA clones in SNBC61 correspond to the alleles of Samgangbyeo. Most of the RDA clones were found to be exclusively expressed in SNBC61 and could be assigned to functional groups involved in plant defense. These RDA clones therefore represent candidate defense genes for BPH resistance.
Theoretical and Applied Genetics 09/2007; 115(4):537-47. · 3.66 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: It is important to understand pedigree of rice cultivars commonly used for breeding. In this paper, pedigree tables for tracking the pedigree of 17 representative rice cultivars recommended by Rural development Adminstration (RDA) were completed and analyzed using two kinds of web database system; 'IRIS' and 'RRDB'. Seven cultivars, namely, 'Sangmibyeo', 'Ilpumbyeo', 'Saegewhabyeo', 'Surabyeo', 'Shindongjinbyeo', 'Ilmibyeo' and 'Jungwhabyeo' had 'Koshihikari' on the pedigree of their ancestor. Besides 'Koshihikari', the most feguently used ancestral germplasms among the high quality rice cultivars were 'Fujisaka 5', 'Kameno o' and 'Asahi', 'Fujisaka 5' was used as ancestral parent in 12 out of 17 cultivars. Interestingly, 'Kameno o' was used in pedigree of 16 out of 17 high quality varieties and 'Asahi' was used in the ancestral pedigree of all 17 varieties. 'Hwayeongbyeo' was used as one of parent in the breeding of 'Dongjin 1', 'Hwabongbyeo', 'Saegewhabyeo' and 'Junambyeo'. 'Ilpumbyeo' was used in the breeding pathway of 'Junambyeo' and 'Saegewhabyeo', 'Mangeumbyeo' itself was not enlisted as one of high quality rice cultivars, but was used as a breeding parent of three high quality varieties, namely, 'Saegewhabyeo', 'Hwabongbyeo' and 'Nampyeongbyeo'. Incorporated with evaluation data, pedigree will provide a valuable chance to genealogical tracking of agronomic traits such as disease resistance, grain quality and etc.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The rice embryo is rich in lipid and protein bodies, bioactive chemicals such as dietary fiber, phytic acids, vitamin B and
E, and gamma aminobutyric acid (GABA) than the endosperm. In this paper, we report a new giant embryo mutant,ge
t, induced from somaclonal variation derived by anther culture in rice. Sequence analysis of Cytochrome P450 of the get mutant
t is a new allele of theGE gene with a single point mutation with substitution of amino acid, W395 to L395. The weight of thege
t mutant embryo was 3.7 times higher than normal embryo. Tocopherol and mineral content were also higher than the previously
reported giant embryo rice variety, Keunnun. These results indicated that this new giant embryo rice (ge
t) offers a promising source of genetic material in improving nutritional quality of rice especially tocopherol, essential
minerals, and GABA.
Key wordsanther culture-GABA-giant embryo mutant-rice-tocopherol