S Janczewska

Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, Masovian Voivodeship, Poland

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Publications (21)51.07 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Abstract We have noticed that bone marrow transplanted in a vascularized limb graft, providing a continuous supply of donor bone marrow cells (BMC), may prolong the survival time of a skin graft from the same donor. The question arises whether the microchimerism raised plays a role in the prolonged survival of skin allografts. The aim of the study was to follow the development of microchimerism after allogeneic vascularized bone marrow transplantation (VBMTx) concomitantly with the rejection process of transplanted skin. Brown Norway (BN) rats served as donors and Lewis rats as recipients of VBMTx and free skin flap allografts. A hind limb was transplanted, followed by a full-thickness skin graft on the dorsum. Cellular microchimerism was investigated in recipients of VBMTx and skin grafts in blood, spleen, mesenteric lymph node, and bone marrow with the monoclonal antibody OX27 directed against MHC class I polymorphic RT1 on BN cells and quantitatively analyzed in a FACStar. In the VBMTx group, the free skin flap survived 70 days after weaning off cyclosporine A (CsA). An intravenous infusion of BMC in suspension equivalent to that grafted in the hind limb did not prolong skin graft survival after cessation of CsA therapy. Donor-derived cells could be detected in VBMTx recipients as long 70 days after weaning off CsA but not in recipients of i. v. suspension BMC grafting.
    Transplant International 06/2008; 11(S1):S299 - S302. · 3.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: STATs play key roles in immune function. We examined the role of STAT5a/b in allograft rejection. STAT5a/b-deficient mice showed a 4-fold increased survival time of heart allografts (p < 0.01). Unlike wild type, purified STAT5a/b-/- T cells transferred to Rag1-/- recipients failed to mediate heart allograft rejection until supplemented with STAT5a/b-/- B cells. In vitro, STAT5a/b-/- T cells did not proliferate in response to Con A or alloantigens but entered apoptosis within 48 h (95%). Activated STAT5a/b-/- T cells showed increased expression of proapoptotic (caspases, DNA repair genes, TNF/TNFR-associated factor family genes) and decreased antiapoptotic mRNAs in microarrays, while Western blots confirmed reduced antiapoptotic Bcl-2 and elevated proapoptotic Bax protein expression. Interestingly, at 24 h postactivation, STAT5a/b+/+ and STAT5a/b-/- T cells produced similar levels of IL-2, IL-4, IL-10, and IFN-gamma mRNA; ELISPOT assay showed an equivalent number of IL-4- and IFN-gamma-producing T cells in both STAT5a/b+/+ and STAT5a/b-/- splenic populations. Sera from STAT5a/b+/+ and STAT5a/b-/- rejectors had donor-specific IgM, IgG1, IgG2a, and IgG2b Ab, while STAT5a/b deficiency had no impact on B cell survival or proliferation in response to LPS. Compared with allografts from STAT5a/b+/+ recipients, heart allografts from STAT5a/b-/- recipients had markedly reduced infiltration by CD4 and CD8 T cells but increased infiltration by B cells and dense endothelial deposition of C4d, a marker of humoral rejection. Thus, activated STAT5a/b-/- T cells produce cytokines prior to entering apoptosis, thereby promoting differentiation of B cells yielding donor-specific IgM and IgG Ab that mediate allograft rejection.
    The Journal of Immunology 02/2006; 176(1):128-37. · 5.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The addition of phosphorothioate (PS) groups to natural phosphodiester (PD) antisense oligodeoxynucleotides (oligo) prevents their in vivo hydrolysis by nucleases allowing an RNase-dependent elimination of targeted mRNA. To further improve oligo function 2'-methoxyethyl (ME) groups were attached to selected nucleotides at the 3'-end because ME groups block RNase activity. ME modification of PS- or PD/PS-oligo targeting human intracellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-1 mRNA significantly increased the degree and duration of the in vitro inhibitory effects without compromising selectivity and specificity. A 7-day intravenous or oral therapy with rat ME/PS-modified ICAM-1 antisense oligo extended the survivals of kidney allografts. In addition, ME/PS-modified ICAM-1 antisense oligo reduced ischemic-reperfusion injury in kidneys, as measured by glomerular filtration rate, creatinine levels, and infiltration with leukocytes. Finally, a 14-day treatment with cyclosporine (CsA)-induced nephrotoxicity in syngeneic kidney transplants correlated with both increased ICAM-1 protein expression and infiltration with leukocytes. Graft perfusion and treatment of recipients with ICAM-1 antisense ME/PS-oligo alleviated the nephrotoxic effect and decreased ICAM-1 expression and leukocyte infiltration. ME/PS-modified ICAM-1 antisense oligo is very effective in inhibiting the ICAM-1-dependent mechanism of graft infiltration and tissue damage involved in allograft rejection, ischemic-reperfusion injury, and CsA-induced nephrotoxicity.
    Transplantation 03/2005; 79(4):401-8. · 3.78 Impact Factor
  • Transplantation 01/2004; 78. · 3.78 Impact Factor
  • Transplantation 01/2004; 78. · 3.78 Impact Factor
  • Transplantation 01/2004; 78:549-550. · 3.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Ten different highly polymorphic amino acids (AAs) are located in the alpha1 (alpha1h) and alpha2 (alpha2h) helical regions of the class I major histocompatibility complex RT1. An rat alloantigen. We examined the potential of alpha1h-RT1. An versus alpha2h-RT1. An polymorphic AAs to induce accelerated rejection or tolerance of heart allografts. The allochimeric alpha1h52-90n-RT1.Ac and alpha2h148-179n-RT1.Ac cDNAs were produced by the substitution of nucleotides encoding recipient RT1.Ac AAs for donor RT1. An AAs. Allochimeric and wild-type (WT)-RT1. An proteins were generated in an Escherichia coli expression system. A single portal vein administration of 100 mug alpha1h52-90n-RT1.Ac protein in combination with a 7-day course of oral cyclosporine A (4 mg/kg) induced tolerance to Brown Norway (BN) (RT1n) heart allografts in PVG (RT1c) recipients more effectively than did WT-RT1. An protein; alpha2h148-179n-RT1.Ac protein was ineffective. However, subcutaneous injection of 100 mug WT-RT1. An (but neither alpha1h52-90n-RT1.Ac nor alpha2h148-179n-RT1.Ac) protein induced accelerated rejection of BN heart allografts. Untreated PVG recipients of BN heart allografts displayed activation of both interleukin (IL)-2- and interferon-gamma-producing T helper (Th) 1 cells and IL-4- and IL-10-producing Th2 cells on days 5, 7, and 14 postgrafting, as measured by an enzyme-linked immunospot assay. In contrast, in comparison with rejectors, tolerant recipients showed down-regulation of Th1 cells and up-regulation of Th2 cells on days 5, 7, 14, and 200 postgrafting. Histology of heart allografts showed that tolerant BN heart allografts had no evidence of acute or chronic rejection when examined on day 100 after transplantation. The poorly immunogenic alpha1h52-90n-RT1.Ac allochimeric protein induces tolerance by selective activation of regulatory Th2 cells.
    Transplantation 11/2003; 76(8):1201-7. · 3.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Relatively slow hematopoietic recovery after isolated bone marrow (I-BM) engraftment is probably caused by a disrupted microenvironment of stromal and stem cells. Thus, we compared the kinetics of hematopoietic recovery of lethally irradiated rats that received I-BM versus vascularized BM (V-BM). Total body irradiated (TBI; 8 Gy) Lewis (LEW; RT1(1)) rats were either injected IV with syngeneic sex-mismatched 80 x 10(6) I-BM or transplanted with 80 x 10(6) V-BM in orthotopic hind limb grafts. Ten days later, peripheral blood (PB) and mesenteric lymph nodes (MLN) of these recipients were examined for the presence of donor-derived hematopoietic cells with a panel of monoclonal antibodies by FACS. To detect male cells in sex-mismatched female recipients, PCR was performed using male Y chromosome primers. When examined in PB and MLN, recipients transplanted with V-BM displayed significantly faster recovery of leukocytes (CD43+), monocytes (CD14+), and T cells (CD5+) in comparison with I-BM recipients. In addition, only V-BM (but not I-BM) groups contained stroma-like male-positive cells in PB and MLN. Our results suggest that V-BM transplants provided superior hematopoietic recovery in comparison to I-BM transplants. We postulated that close proximity between stromal and stem cells in V-BM is essential for efficient repopulation with progenitors of different lines of leukocytes.
    Cell Transplantation 02/2003; 12(4):399-406. · 4.42 Impact Factor
  • Transplantation Proceedings 01/2001; 33(1-2):1757-9. · 0.95 Impact Factor
  • Transplantation Proceedings 10/2000; 32(6):1416-8. · 0.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hematopoietic recovery after bone marrow transplantation (BMT) is reported to be slow with long-lasting immune deficiency. This may be attributable to lack of a proper microenvironment for hematopoietic cell proliferation and differentiation. We have designed a model in which complete hematopoietic reconstitution of lethally irradiated rats can be achieved by vascularized bone marrow transplantation (VBMT) in an orthotopic hind-limb graft. The aim of the study was to investigate the process of repopulation of bone marrow cavities and peripheral blood of irradiated rats after VBMT and, in particular, to follow the contribution of grafted BM cells and residual recipient BM cells in hematopoietic regeneration. Lewis hind-limbs were transplanted orthotopically to totally irradiated (8 Gy) syngeneic sex-mismatched recipients (VBMT). In the control group 8 x 10(7) BM cells in suspension were injected intravenously (BMCT). After 10 days BM and peripheral blood (PB) cells were collected from the recipient. For cell subset analysis cytomorphological evaluation of BM smears and flow cytometry of PB cells were performed. Additionally, PCR was performed using specific primers for rat Y chromosome (sex-determining region Y-Sry) to detect male (donor or recipient) cells in sex-mismatched BM graft recipients and the products were analyzed by electrophoresis. VBMT brought about much faster replenishment of nucleated cells in BM and PB than did BMCT. Cytometry analysis of PB cells revealed more lymphocytes in VBMT than in BMCT recipients. The amount of donor DNA of bands corresponding to Y-Sry was also higher in PB cells of VBMT than of BMCT recipients. The presence of host DNA was observed in PB cells of VBMT rats but was not detected in PB population of BMCT recipients. VBMT is highly effective in hematopoietic reconstitution of irradiated recipients. The fast cell maturation and repopulation may be due to the presence of stromal cells transplanted in a normal spatial relationship with donor hematopoietic cells in hind-limb graft. Self renewal of radioresistant host cells was seen after VBMT but not after BMCT.
    Transplant International 02/2000; 13 Suppl 1:S541-6. · 3.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Grafting of the recipient with bone marrow cell suspension provides only few stromal cells and no autologous environment for cooperation between hemopoietic and stromal cells. Vascularized bone marrow grafts provide the recipient with bone marrow hemopoietic and stromal cells in their natural spatial relationship. It is expected that such a graft will resume its function soon after transplantation and almost immediately repopulate bone marrow cavities of the irradiated recipient as well as supply the sites of cytopoiesis with the necessary growth factors. The aim of the study was to investigate the process of repopulation of bone marrow cavities and lymphoid organs of irradiated recipient by bone marrow cells from syngeneic hind limb transplant. Lewis rats received total body irradiation of 8 Gy followed by orthotopic transplantation of syngeneic limb or i.v. infusion of equivalent amount of bone marrow cells. In control experiments the hind limb was shielded with lead plate during total body irradiation. Ten days after irradiation and hind limb transplantation the yield of nucleated cells from tibia was reaching values of normal animals. In rats receiving i.v. bone marrow cell infusion it was 40% of control values and in rats repopulated from shielded own hind limb it was 60% of controls. In all groups a higher percentage of early and immediate normoblasts and a reduced pool of juvenile and segmented neutrophils was observed. Thirty days after irradiation and repopulation procedures all parameters were returning to normal levels in each group. The results indicate that bone marrow cell transplantation in hind limb graft is highly effective in lethally irradiated animals in reconstituting bone marrow.
    Annals of transplantation: quarterly of the Polish Transplantation Society 02/2000; 5(1):14-20. · 0.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The main source of donor DNA in recipients of allograft are "passenger" cells. It is claimed that they are responsible for the posttransplantation microchimerism and prolongation of allograft survival. We have observed that besides cellular microchimerism, donor DNA can be found in the recipient tissues at the time of rejection of the allograft. In this study, we provide evidence for the presence in the recipient of both DNA in "passenger cells" and free DNA in tissues at the terminal stage of rejection. Male BN (RT1 n) rat heart or skin was transplanted to female LEW (RT1 l) rats followed by a vascularized bone marrow in a hindlimb transplant. In another group, heart and skin were transplanted followed by immediate i.v. infusion of donor-type bone marrow cells. CsA was given in a dose of 17 mg/kg body weight for 30 days, then the rats were followed up until day 100 unless rejection occurred earlier. LEW blood, spleen, mesenteric node and bone marrow cells were stained with moAb OX27 specific for BN but not LEW. Genomic male DNA was isolated and amplified with SRY oligonucleotide. At day 30 and day 100 cellular microchimerism was detected in blood, spleen, nodes and bone marrow cells. Donor DNA was detected in recipient skin, liver and heart extracts, as well as lymphoid organs, at the time of rejection of allograft, but not when the rats were maintained on CsA. Taken together, donor DNAwas detected in recipient tissues at the time of heart or skin rejection. It appeared to be released from cells of rejecting grafts and not from "passenger" cells, representing only a minor cellular mass compared with the graft.
    Transplant International 02/2000; 13 Suppl 1:S461-4. · 3.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Bone marrow (BM) transplantation for treatment of hematological and solid malignancies is routinely carried out in conjunction with radio- and chemotherapy. Many patients achieve complete remission of the malignant process; however, their lymphohematopoietic recovery remains in most cases incomplete. This is probably due to the functional changes in the recipient BM stromal cells subsequent to myeloablative therapy. Transplantation of BM hematopoietic cells in a spatial relationship with stromal cells would give an insight into the kinetics of hematological repopulation of the recipient. The aim of this study was to investigate the lymphopoietic reconstitution of irradiated rats after vascularized bone marrow transplantation (VBMT) in comparison with i.v. bone marrow cell (BMC) infusion. Lewis rats were totally irradiated with 8Gy and repopulated with syngeneic BMC introduced i.v. or in orthotopic hind limb graft. Ten days after irradiation and BMC graft BM, peripheral blood (PB) and mesenteric lymph nodes (MLN) were collected. The yield and the phenotype of cells were analyzed. VBMT brings much higher cell repopulation of BM cavities of lethally irradiated rats than BMC infusion. Orthotopic hind limb graft promotes also rapid lymphocyte replenishment of PB and MLN of lethally irradiated syngeneic recipients. The population rate of BMC, PB lymphocytes, and MLN lymphocytes was higher after VBMT than BMC injection in suspension. The percentage of T and B lymphocytes in PB and MLN on day 10 after VBMT was comparable with control values. Reconstituted PB lymphocytes showed two subsets of CD4+ cells: "bright" and "dull." All CD4+ cells in PB lymphocytes of i.v. BMC infused recipients expressed low level of these molecules ("dull" subset). The results of our studies indicate that the presence of stromal cells in their close relationship with stem cells is essential for the fast lyphohematopoietic repopulation of irradiated recipients. The population of CD4+dull cells may represent immature cells. These cells were not found in MLN of VBMT rats. All MLN CD4+ cells represented the "bright" subset, what suggests that the process of cell maturation may occur in the lymphoid organs.
    Transplantation 08/1999; 68(2):201-9. · 3.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The main source of donor DNA in recipients of allograft are "passenger" cells. They are claimed to be responsible for the posttransplantation microchimerism and prolongation of allograft survival. We have noticed that beside of the cellular microchimerism, donor DNA can be found in the recipient tissues at the time of rejection of allograft. In this study we provide evidence for presence in the recipient of both, DNA in "passenger cells" and free DNA in tissues at terminal stage of rejection. Male BN (RTIn) rat heart or skin were transplanted to female LEW (RTII) rats followed by a vascularized bone marrow in hind-limb transplant. CsA was given in a dose of 17mg/kg b.w. for 30 days, then rats were followed until day 100 unless rejection occurred earlier. LEW blood, spleen, mesenteric node and bone marrow cells were stained with moAb OX27 specific for BN but not LEW. Genomic male DNA was isolated and amplified with SRY oligonucleotide. At day 30 and 100 cellular microchimerism was detected in blood, spleen, nodes and bone marrow cells. Donor DNA was detected in recipient skin, liver and heart extracts, beside of lymphoid organs, at the time of rejection of allograft but not when rats were maintained on CsA. Taken together, donor DNA can be detected in recipient tissues at the time of heart or skin rejection. It seems to be released from cells of rejecting grafts and not from "passenger" cells representing only a minor cellular mass compared with the graft.
    Annals of transplantation: quarterly of the Polish Transplantation Society 02/1999; 4(1):39-41. · 0.82 Impact Factor
  • Transplantation Proceedings 01/1999; 30(8):4054-6. · 0.95 Impact Factor
  • Transplantation Proceedings 01/1999; 31(1-2):696-9. · 0.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We have noticed that bone marrow transplanted in a vascularized limb graft providing a continuous supply of donor BMC may prolong the survival time of skin graft from the same donor. The question arises whether the raised microchimerism plays a role in the prolonged survival of skin allograft. The aim of the study was to follow the development of microchimerism after allogeneic vascularized bone marrow transplantation (VBMTx) concomitantly with the rejection processes of transplanted skin. The BN rats served as donors and LEW rats as recipients of VBMTx and free skin flap allograft. Hind limb was transplanted followed by a full-thickness skin graft on the dorsum. Cellular microchimerism was investigated in recipients of VBMTx and skin grafts in blood, spleen, mesenteric lymph node and bone marrow with monoclonal antibody OX27 directed against MHC class I polymorthic RTI on BN cells and quantitatively analysed in FACStar. In VBMTx group free skin flap survived 70 days after weaning of CsA. Intravenous infusion of BMC in suspension equivalent to that grafted in hind limb did not prolong skin graft survival after cessation of CsA therapy. Donor-derived cells could be detected in VBMTx recipients as long 70 days after wearing of CsA but not in recipients of i.v. suspension BMC grafting.
    Annals of transplantation: quarterly of the Polish Transplantation Society 02/1998; 3(1):24-6. · 0.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cyclosporin A (CsA) changes the distribution of the circulating pool of lymphocytes and decreases their traffic to organ allograft. The mechanism of this process is complex and includes, among others, inhibition of induction of nuclear factor of activated T cells and suppression of GM CSF and E-selectin expression. We studied the expression adhesion molecules CD11a, CD18, CD44, CD54 and CD62L on the thoracic duct lymphocytes of rats treated with CsA. The 7-day administration of CsA evidently decreased the expression of CD62L but did not affect the other adhesion molecules. Lower concentration of CD62L molecules on the surface of circulating lymphocytes may influence their migration to allograft and distribution in host lymphoid tissues.
    Annals of transplantation: quarterly of the Polish Transplantation Society 02/1998; 3(1):34-6. · 0.82 Impact Factor
  • Transplantation Proceedings 07/1997; 29(4):2008-9. · 0.95 Impact Factor