ABSTRACT: MAGE-A antigens are only expressed on tumor cells. The aim of this study was to identify their expression in patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Forty-seven patients with primary OSCC was selected retrospectively. Histo-pathological sections were stained immunohistochemically with MAGE-A antibody 57B. The results were evaluated regarding tumor size (T), lymph-node metastasis (N), blood vessel infiltration (V), lymph vessel infiltration (L), grading (G), and sex. MAGE-A antigens were expressed in 55% of all patients. Expression increased with tumor size (T1 = 56%; T2 = 44%; T3 = 67%; T4 = 71%). Lymph-node metastasis had no influence (N0 and N1 about 50%). Tumors with blood and lymph vessel infiltration had higher expression (V0 = 50%; V1 = 100%; L0 = 46%; L1 = 71%). Less-differentiated tumors showed higher rates (G1 = 50%; G2 = 45%; G3 = 83%). OSCC in men were positive in 62% and in women in 38%. MAGE-A antigens are frequently expressed in OSCC. Their expression seems to increase with tumor dedifferentiation.
Clinical Oral Investigations 07/2009; 14(3):291-6. · 2.36 Impact Factor