Seung Chul Heo

Seoul Medical Center, Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea

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Publications (31)59.53 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The survival paradox between stage IIB/C (T4N0) and stage IIIA (T1-2N1) colon cancer remains in the 7th edition of the American Joint Committee on Cancer staging system. This multicenter study aimed to compare the oncologic outcomes of T4N0 and T1-2N1 colon cancers and to investigate the presumptive prognostic factors that might influence the survival paradox.
    Annals of Surgical Oncology 08/2014; · 4.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This prospective study was performed to investigate whether postoperative ileus (POI) or early postoperative small bowel obstruction (EPSBO) affects the development of adhesive small bowel obstruction (SBO) in patients undergoing colectomy.
    World Journal of Surgery 08/2014; · 2.23 Impact Factor
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    Seung Chul Heo
    Annals of coloproctology. 06/2014; 30(3):103.
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    ABSTRACT: Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) is an important prognostic marker in colorectal cancer (CRC). However, in some stages, it does not work. We performed this study to find a way in which preoperative CEA could be used as a constant prognostic marker in harmony with the TNM staging system. Preoperative CEA levels and recurrences in CRC were surveyed. The distribution of CEA levels and the recurrences in each TNM stage of CRC were analyzed. An optimal cutoff value for each TNM stage was calculated and tested for validity as a prognostic marker within the TNM staging system. The conventional cutoff value of CEA (5 ng/mL) was an independent prognostic factor on the whole. However, when evaluated in subgroups, it was not a prognostic factor in stage I or stage III of N2. A subgroup analysis according to TNM stage revealed different CEA distributions and recurrence rates corresponding to different CEA ranges. The mean CEA levels were higher in advanced stages. In addition, the recurrence rates of corresponding CEA ranges were higher in advanced stages. Optimal cutoff values from the receiver operating characteristic curves were 7.4, 5.5, and 4.5 ng/mL for TNM stage I, II, and III, respectively. Those for N0, N1, and N2 stages were 5.5, 4.8, and 3.5 ng/mL, respectively. The 5-year disease-free survivals were significantly different according to these cutoff values for each TNM and N stage. The multivariate analysis confirmed the new cutoff values to be more efficient in discriminating the prognosis in the subgroups of the TNM stages. Individualized cutoff values of the preoperative CEA level are a more practical prognostic marker following and in harmony with the TNM staging system.
    Annals of coloproctology. 06/2013; 29(3):106-14.
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    Seung Chul Heo
    Journal of the Korean Society of Coloproctology 12/2012; 28(6):279.
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    ABSTRACT: : More than half of all rectal cancers are T3 lesions, but they are classified as a single-stage category. : The aim of this study was to validate prognostic significance of mesorectal extension depth in T3 rectal cancer. : This study is a retrospective analysis of oncologic outcomes of patients with T3 rectal cancer grouped by mesorectal extension depth (T3a, <1 mm; T3b, 1-5 mm; T3c, 5-15 mm; T3d, >15 mm). : This study was conducted at a tertiary referral cancer hospital. : From 2003 to 2009, 291 patients who underwent a curative surgery were included. : Oncologic outcomes in terms of disease-free survival were analyzed. : The 5-year disease-free survival rate according to T3 subclassification was 86.5% for T3a, 74.2% for T3b, 58.3% for T3c, and 29.0% for T3d. It was significantly higher in T3a,b tumors than that in T3c,d tumors (77.6% vs 55.2%, p < 0.001). On univariate and multivariate analysis, prognostic factors affecting recurrence were preoperative CEA level ≥5ng/mL (HR 2.617, 95% CI 1.620-4.226), lymph node metastasis (HR 3.347, 95% CI 1.834-6.566), and mesorectal extension depth >5 mm (HR 1.661, 95% CI 1.013-2.725). In subgroup analysis, independent prognostic factors were preoperative CEA level and mesorectal extension depth >5 mm for 200 patients with ypT3 rectal cancer and preoperative CEA level and lymph node metastasis for 91 patients with pT3 rectal cancer. : This study lacks quality of surgery plane evaluation because of its retrospective nature. Moreover, pathologic examination was not done with a whole-mount section. : Depth of mesorectal extension >5 mm is a significant prognostic factor in patients with T3 rectal cancer. Depth of mesorectal extension especially may be more important than the nodal status in predicting the oncologic outcome for patients who had received preoperative chemoradiotherapy.
    Diseases of the Colon & Rectum 12/2012; 55(12):1220-8. · 3.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We designed this study to evaluate the efficacy of carcinoembryonic antigen in draining venous blood (vCEA) as a predictor of recurrence. Draining venous and supplying arterial bloods were collected separately during the operation of 82 colorectal cancer patients without distant metastasis from September 2004 to December 2006. Carcinoembryonic antigen was measured and assessed for the efficacy as a prognostic factor of recurrence using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) and Kaplan-Meier curves. vCEA is a statistically significant factor that predicts recurrence (P = 0.032) and the optimal cut-off value for vCEA from ROC curve is 8.0 ng/mL. The recurrence-free survival between patients with vCEA levels >8 ng/mL and ≤8 ng/mL significantly differed (P < 0.001). The significance of vCEA as a predictor of recurrence gets higher when limited to patients without lymph node metastasis. The proper cut-off value for vCEA is 4.0 ng/mL if confined to patients without lymph node metastasis. The recurrence-free survival between the patients of vCEA levels >4 ng/mL and ≤4 ng/mL significantly differed (P < 0.001). Multivariate analysis revealed vCEA is an independent prognostic factor in patients without lymph node metastasis. vCEA is an independent prognostic factor of recurrence in colorectal cancer patients especially in patients without lymph node metastases.
    Journal of the Korean Surgical Society. 12/2011; 81(6):387-93.
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    ABSTRACT: Parastomal hernia is a major complication of an intestinal stoma. This study was performed to compare the results of various operative methods to treat parastomal hernias. Results of surgical treatment for parastomal hernias (postoperative recurrence, complications and postoperative hospital stays) were surveyed in 39 patients over an 11-year period. The patients enrolled in this study underwent surgery by a single surgeon to exclude surgeon bias. Seventeen patients were male, and twenty-two patients were female. The mean age was 65.9 years (range, 36 to 86 years). The stomas were 35 sigmoid-end-colostomies (90%), 2 loop-colostomies (5%), and 2 double-barrel-colostomies. Over half of the hernias developed within two years after initial formation. Stoma relocation was performed in 8 patients, suture repair in 14 patients and mesh repair in 17 patients. Seven patients had recurrence of the hernia, and ten patients suffered from complications. Postoperative complications and recurrence were more frequent in stoma relocation than in suture repair and mesh repair. Emergency operations were performed in four patients (10.3%) with higher incidence of complications but not with increased risk of recurrence. Excluding emergency operations, complications of relocations were not higher than those of mesh repairs. Postoperative hospital stays were shortest in mesh repair patients. In this study, mesh repair showed low recurrence and a low complication rate with shorter hospital stay than relocation methods, though these differences were not statistically significant. Further studies, including randomized trials, are necessary if more reliable data on the surgical treatment of parastomal hernias are to be obtained.
    Journal of the Korean Society of Coloproctology 08/2011; 27(4):174-9.
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    ABSTRACT: The prognostic significance of apical-node metastasis around the inferior mesenteric artery (IMA) remains unclear. We investigated the oncological relevance of apical-node metastasis detected after high ligation of the IMA in stage III sigmoid colon or rectal cancer. Between May 2003 and December 2007, 229 consecutive patients with stage III sigmoid colon or rectal cancer, who had undergone curative resection with high ligation, were analyzed. Cox proportional regression model was used to identify the prognostic factors for disease-free survival. Thirty-one patients (13.5%) had apical-node metastases: 0% with T0-1, 3.8% with T2, 11.5% with T3, and 29.3% with T4 disease (p = 0.017). Additionally, the factors related to apical-node metastasis were tumor size, number of metastatic lymph nodes, lymph-node ratio, and N-stage. Multivariate analysis showed that the lymph-node ratio (odds ratio (OR) = 40.53, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 8.41-195.22, p < 0.001) was an independent prognostic factor for disease-free survival but that apical-node metastasis was not a factor that predicted a poor outcome (OR = 1.53, 95% CI = 0.81-2.91, p = 0.192). Apical-node metastasis was not a prognostic factor for disease-free survival on multivariate analysis of the subgroups based on tumor location (sigmoid colon cancer: OR = 1.42, 95% CI = 0.42-1.82, p = 0.577; rectal cancer: OR = 1.82, 95% CI = 0.82-4.06, p = 0.141). This study suggests that apical-node metastasis is not a poor prognostic factor for stage III sigmoid colon or rectal cancer after high ligation.
    International Journal of Colorectal Disease 07/2011; 27(1):81-7. · 2.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study evaluated the notion that preoperative anal incontinence might be a potent predictive factor for anal incontinence (AI) after restorative proctectomy in rectal cancer patients. The principal objective of this study was to determine the risk factors for persistent anal incontinence following restorative proctectomy. This study was designed as a single-center, prospective cohort study of a single group of 93 patients who had AI before restorative proctectomy for rectal cancer. The study group was re-evaluated for the presence of AI 12 months after restorative proctectomy or ileostomy takedown. Incontinence severity was determined using the Fecal Incontinence Severity Index (FISI). Logistic regression analysis was performed to identify the clinicopathologic factors associated with persistent AI. Fifteen patients were excluded from analysis due to death within the 12 months after surgery (n = 7), no ileostomy repair (n = 5), loss to follow-up (n = 2), or previous treatment for anal incontinence (n = 1). At 12 months, 53 of 78 patients (67.9%) had persistent AI and 25 patients (32.1 %) had recovered. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that preoperative FISI scores higher than 30 (OR = 11.61, 95% CI 1.43-94.01, p = 0.022) and lower tumor location 5 cm or less from the anal verge (OR = 84.46, 95% CI 3.91-1822.85, p = 0.005) were independent factors for persistent AI. Anal incontinence may persist after restorative proctectomy in rectal cancer patients with high preoperative incontinence scores and lower tumor location. Therefore, this information should be provided when restorative proctectomy is offered for rectal cancer patients.
    World Journal of Surgery 04/2011; 35(8):1918-24. · 2.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Although laparoscopic surgery may permit earlier recovery compared with open surgery, no published randomized controlled trial has investigated the benefit of a multimodal rehabilitation program after laparoscopic colonic resection. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of a rehabilitation program after laparoscopic colon surgery in the context of a randomized controlled trial. Between September 2007 and October 2009, 100 patients who had received laparoscopic colon surgery were selected for the study and randomly assigned on a 1:1 basis to a rehabilitation program group with early mobilization and diet (n = 46) or conventional care group (n = 54). The rehabilitation program group received early oral feeding, early ambulation, and regular laxative. The primary outcome was recovery time, measured with criteria of tolerable diet for 24 hours, safe ambulation, analgesic-free, and afebrile status without major complications. Secondary outcomes were postoperative hospital stay, complications, quality of life by Short Form 36, pain by visual analog scale, and readmission. This study was registered (ID number NCT00606944, http://register.clinicaltrials.gov). Recovery time was shorter in the rehabilitation program group than in the conventional care group (median (interquartile range), 4 (3-5) d vs 6 (5-7) d, respectively; P < .0001). There was no difference in postoperative hospital stay between the 2 groups (rehabilitation program group, 7 (6-8) d vs conventional care group, 8 (7-9) d; P = .065). There was no difference in complication rates between the rehabilitation program group and conventional care group (10.9% vs 20.4%, respectively; P = .136). Quality of life and pain were similar in both groups. There were no readmissions or mortality. A rehabilitation program with early mobilization and diet after laparoscopic colon surgery results in reduced recovery time without increased complications. These results suggest that a multimodal rehabilitation program may increase the short-term benefits after laparoscopic colon surgery.
    Diseases of the Colon & Rectum 01/2011; 54(1):21-8. · 3.34 Impact Factor
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    Journal of The Korean Surgical Society - J KOREAN SURG SOC. 01/2010; 78(1).
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    Journal of Breast Cancer - J BREAST CANC. 01/2010; 13(2).
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    Journal of The Korean Surgical Society - J KOREAN SURG SOC. 01/2010; 78(1).
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    Journal of The Korean Surgical Society - J KOREAN SURG SOC. 01/2010; 78(5).
  • Journal of Breast Cancer - J BREAST CANC. 01/2010; 13(2).
  • Journal of Breast Cancer - J BREAST CANC. 01/2010; 13(1).
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    Journal of The Korean Surgical Society - J KOREAN SURG SOC. 01/2009; 77(6).
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    Journal of The Korean Surgical Society - J KOREAN SURG SOC. 01/2009; 77(3).
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this retrospective study is to assess the safety and effectiveness of endovenous laser treatment (EVLT) combined with ambulatory phlebectomy (AP) as a single procedure for treating saphenous vein incompetence. The study enrolled 148 patients with saphenofemoral or saphenopopliteal junction reflux associated with saphenous vein incompetence and enlarged branch veins. Patients were treated with EVLT (135 great saphenous veins, 41 small saphenous veins) concomitantly with AP as a single procedure. All patients were followed up by clinical assessment and duplex ultrasound at one week and 12 weeks after the procedure. No postprocedural deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism occurred. Saphenous vein recanalization rate at three months was 5.7%. Residual varicosities were found in 11.4% of the patients at three months after procedure, but only 2.3% of those required subsequent interventions. Combined EVLT and AP could be a safe and effective treatment modality for the saphenous vein incompetence.
    Phlebology 02/2008; 23(4):172-7. · 1.46 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

168 Citations
59.53 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2012–2014
    • Seoul Medical Center
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2000–2013
    • Seoul National University Hospital
      • • Department of Surgery
      • • Department of Internal Medicine
      • • Department of Pathology
      Seoul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2011
    • Seoul National University Bundang Hospital
      • Department of Surgery
      Seoul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2002
    • National Cancer Center Korea
      Kōyō, Gyeonggi Province, South Korea