S.M. Ross

John Innes Centre, Norwich, England, United Kingdom

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Publications (3)7.53 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Two barley transformation systems, Agrobacterium-mediated and particle bombardment, were compared in terms of transformation efficiency, transgene copy number, expression, inheritance and physical structure of the transgenic loci using fluorescence in situ hybridisation (FISH). The efficiency of Agrobacterium-mediated transformation was double that obtained with particle bombardment. While 100% of the Agrobacterium-derived lines integrated between one and three copies of the transgene, 60% of the transgenic lines derived by particle bombardment integrated more than eight copies of the transgene. In most of the Agrobacterium-derived lines, the integrated T-DNA was stable and inherited as a simple Mendelian trait. Transgene silencing was frequently observed in the T1 populations of the bombardment-derived lines. The FISH technique was able to reveal additional details of the transgene integration site. For the efficient production of transgenic barley plants, with stable transgene expression and reduced silencing, the Agrobacterium-mediated method appears to offer significant advantages over particle bombardment.
    Plant Cell Reports 04/2005; 23(12):780-9. DOI:10.1007/s00299-004-0892-x · 3.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Transgenic lines of the spring barley variety Golden Promise containing the firefly luciferase gene were produced by particle bombardment of immature embryos. Non-destructive analysis of luciferase gene expression was used to monitor the transformation process. This revealed that transformation efficiency, in terms of the percentage of bombarded immature embryos giving rise to transformed callus lines, was very high, up to 40%. Following the expression of the luciferase gene provided a method for the sensitive, non-destructive, real-time monitoring of gene expression throughout the transformation process. Luciferase expression could also be used to easily identify transgenic plants and to identify homozygous transgenic plants at an early stage. The production of transgenic barley by selecting for luciferase-positive material, without an additional selection system, was possible but technically difficult.
    Plant Cell Reports 10/2002; 21(4):320-326. DOI:10.1007/s00299-002-0515-3 · 3.07 Impact Factor
  • W.A. Harwood · S.M. Ross · P. Cilento · J.W. Snape
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    ABSTRACT: Immature embryos of the spring barley variety GoldenPromise, were bombarded with three different particledelivery systems and both transient and stabletransformation examined. In addition, a range oftechniques for the preparation of the DNA coated goldparticles was examined. Fertile transgenic barleyplants were obtained using three particle preparationtechniques which differed in the amount of gold andDNA used for each bombardment. However, only one ofthe particle delivery systems, the PDS 1000/He device,appeared to be effective in yielding transformedbarley plants.
    Euphytica 12/1999; 111(1):67-76. DOI:10.1023/A:1003700300235 · 1.39 Impact Factor