ABSTRACT: It is well known that fibrinolytic activity in the early stages of acute experimental pancreatitis (AEP) as assessed by euglobulin lysis time (ELT) is depressed. The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in the fibrinolytic system in the early stages of taurocholate AEP in rats. Tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) activity, plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 (PAI-1) activity, plasminogen, alpha 1 proteinase inhibitor (alpha 1 PI), alpha 2 antiplasmin (alpha 2 AP), antithrombin III (AT III), fibrinogen, and ELT were measured 0.5, 1, 3, and 6 h after the induction of taurocholate AEP in rats, as well as in sham-operated animals and the control group, which was not submitted to any operation. T-PA activity decreased significantly after 3 and 6 h of AEP; PAI activity had a time course reverse to t-PA and was parallel to alpha 1 PI activity. ELT was slightly prolonged after 0.5, 1, and 3 h, whereas alpha 2 AP activity and plasminogen levels increased significantly; AT III activity was increased after 1 h in comparison to control group. Sham operation caused nonsignificant changes in fibrinolysis. Increase of PAI activity and decrease of t-PA could be a reasonable explanation for inhibited plasma euglobulin fibrinolytic activity noted in the early period of AEP.
International journal of pancreatology: official journal of the International Association of Pancreatology 07/1992; 11(3):161-8.