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ABSTRACT: Detection limit, reporting limit and limit of quantitation are analytical parameters which describe the power of analytical methods. These parameters are used for internal quality assurance and externally for competing, especially in the case of trace analysis in environmental compartments. The wide variety of possibilities for computing or obtaining these measures in literature and in legislative rules makes any comparison difficult. Additionally, a host of terms have been used within the analytical community to describe detection and quantitation capabilities. Without trying to create an order for the variety of terms, this paper is aimed at providing a practical proposal for answering the main questions for the analysts concerning quality measures above. These main questions and related parameters were explained and graphically demonstrated. Estimation and verification of these parameters are the two steps to get real measures. A rule for a practical verification is given in a table, where the analyst can read out what to measure, what to estimate and which criteria have to be fulfilled. In this manner verified parameters detection limit, reporting limit and limit of quantitation now are comparable and the analyst himself is responsible to the unambiguity and reliability of these measures.
Fresenius Journal of Analytical Chemistry 08/2001; 370(6):673-8.
Acta Hydrochimica Et Hydrobiologica - ACTA HYDROCHIM HYDROBIOL. 01/1999; 27(2):65-71.
Acta Hydrochimica Et Hydrobiologica - ACTA HYDROCHIM HYDROBIOL. 01/1999; 27(2):58-64.