ABSTRACT: To investigate the clinical significance of the Octopus 101 kinetic and Static combined automatic perimetry in Anterior Ischemic Optic Neuropathy (AION). To assess the merit and demerit of Octopus 101 kinetic and static combined automatic perimetry performed in AION cases.
45 AION patients were detected with Octopus 101 with kinetic and static 30 degrees, 60 degrees scope static program from June 2006 to September 2008. The mean defect (MD), loss variance (LV), areas of isopter, and reaction time were analyzed. The correlation between MD, areas of isopter and reaction time were analyzed.
In AION, there are kinds of visual field defect related to the optic lesions in static perimetry examine. Kinetic programme display the isopter deletion. Isopter areas using I-2e and III-4e stimulus are significantly different (P < 0.05). Smaller stimulus can find more periphery changes in AION.
The Octopus 101 perimeter can provide static and kinetic program in the same sitting. In clinical practice it is necessary to perform both static and kinetic examination in patients with AION because the visual field defects are diverse, and the data provided by static and kinetic program are complementary.
Zhonghua yi xue za zhi 05/2010; 90(19):1322-5.
ABSTRACT: To evaluate the value of transforaminal approach single interbody fusion cage combining with fixation with pedicle screws in treating lumbar instability.
From 2006 to 2009, 36 patients (39 interspaces) with lumbar instability were retrospectively analyzed, included 14 males and 22 females; aged from 45 to 68 years with an average of 54 years; course of disease was from 6 months to 12 years with an average of 4 years. Of them, instability in lumbar disc herniation had 8 cases, lumbar spinal stenosis 5 cases, postoperative instability in lumbar disc herniation 3 cases, lumbar spondylolysis 20 cases; unstable segment in L3,4 had 2 cases, L4,5 18 cases, L5S1 13 cases, and double segment 3 cases (both L4,5 and L5S1). All patients underwent decompression, reduction, interbody fusion with single cage from transforaminal approach with pedicle screws and posterolateral fusion. The clinical effects were evaluated according to imaging results and JOA scoring system.
All the patients were followed up from 8 to 32 months with an average of 18 months. The results of 38 intervertebral fusion, suspicious fusion of a vertebral space, fusion rate was 97.4% (38/39). Segmental lordosis angle after operation was increased (4.09 +/- 0.13) degrees than before operation (P < 0.01), and final follow-up was reduced (3.83 +/- 0.17) degrees than after operation (P > 0.05). JOA scoring before operation and final follow-up were respectively 8.14 +/- 1.09 and 13.54 +/- 1.19, there was statistically significant between the two periods (P < 0.01); the JOA score improvement rate (RIS): 28 cases got excellent result, 6 good and 2 fair, the rate of excellent and good was 94.4%.
The path through the transforaminal approach single-fusion cage, implantation of pedicle screw fixation fusion surgery can simplify operations, reduce complications, and can obtain satisfactory clinical efficacy, which is an effective method for the treatment of lumbar instability.
Zhongguo gu shang = China journal of orthopaedics and traumatology 04/2010; 23(4):248-50.
ABSTRACT: To assess the applicability and reliability of Dynamic Contour Tonometry (DCT) in the measurement of intraocular pressure (IOP) and ocular pulse amplitude (OPA) in patients with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG), ocular hypertension (OHT), normal tension glaucoma (NTG) and normal controls.
120 subjects were included in the present study as follows: 30 patients in each group, total four groups, i. e. , POAG, OHT, NTG and normal control. IOP measured by DCT was compared to that by Goldmann applanation tonometry (GAT). OPA, central cornea thickness (CCT), central cornea curve (CCV), heart rate (HR), systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP), other associated parameters, were also determined for the subjects of each group.
The IOP of all groups measured by DCT was (21.68 +/- 2.02), (23.37 +/- 2.65), (18.43 +/- 3.08), (17.04 +/- 2.07) mm Hg (1 mm Hg = 0.133 kPa); and the IOP measured by GAT was (21.18 +/- 2.95), (23.28 +/- 5.95), (16.39 +/- 3.60), (14.66 +/- 2.27) mm Hg, there was no significant differences between the IOP measured by these two methods (t = 1.338, 1.445, 1.682, 1.803; P = 0.197, 0.151, 0.136, 0.081). Significant differences of OPA levels in different groups were observed (F = 21.311, P = 0.000). OPA reading was affected by HR, SBP, DBP, IOP and CCT, while there was no correlation with patients' age.
Regarding to the IOP measurement, DCT was in concord with GAT readings. The differences in OPA among POAG, OHT and the normal groups and the lowest OPA reading in NTG patients indicate different intraocular hemodynamic status among these groups. OPA measurement may be useful to early detection and progression follow-up of glaucoma patients.
[Zhonghua yan ke za zhi] Chinese journal of ophthalmology 06/2008; 44(5):408-12.
ABSTRACT: To investigate the clinical significance of the Octopus 101 GKP kinetic and static automated perimetry in the diagnosis of the primary open angle glaucoma (POAG).
Thirty POAG patients (POAG group) and 34 normal individuals (control group) were detected with Octopus 101 GKP static and kinetic perimetry with GKP and TOP program from October 2006 to March 2007. The visual acuity, intraocular pressure (IOP), cupping/disc (C/D) ratio, mean defect (MD), loss variance (LV), areas of isopter, and testing time were analyzed.
The mean visual acuity, mean IOP and mean C/D ratio were significantly different between POAG group and control group (P = 0.000), and so was the testing time (P = 0.001). The mean test time was (307.78 +/- 134.50) s in the POAG group and was (228.12 +/- 75.33) s in the normal group. No linear correlation was found between the IOP and the areas of isopter or MD between these two group. The visual parameters (I 2e and III 4e) as to the areas of isopter of POAG were significantly different (P = 0.000), and so were the MD, LV and areas of isopter (P = 0.000). Static perimetry had a sensitivity of 80% and a specificity of 45%, and kinetic perimetry had a sensitivity of 86% and a specificity of 63%. The combined method of static and kinetic approaches had a sensitivity of 90%.
The Octopus 101 GKP static and kinetic perimetry can perform an automated test that combines the advantages of both kinetic and static perimetry, resulting in a decreased subjectivity and individual difference by adjusting the response time and improved accuracy of test results. By changing stimulus size, background illumination, and stimulus angular velocity, the combination of the kinetic and static test may provide a higher sensitivity in the diagnosis of the early stage of POAG, particularly in patients with early peripheral visual field defect.
Zhongguo yi xue ke xue yuan xue bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae 07/2007; 29(3):413-7.