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Publications (2)15.77 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: VP22-mediated intercellular transport provides an approach to deliver functional chimeric proteins into a high percentage of target cells. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of p53/VP22 fusion protein in gene therapy of liver tumors. Expression vectors of N- and C-terminal fusion proteins of p53 and VP22 were subcloned and transcriptional properties of chimeric proteins were assessed by luciferase assays. Adenoviral vectors expressing p53 wild type (AdGFP/p53wt) and p53-VP22 (AdGFP/p53-VP22) were generated to investigate the VP22-mediated spreading in normal liver and in liver tumors in vivo by green fluorescent protein fluorescence and p53 immunohistochemistry. Gene therapy was investigated in subcutaneous and preclinical orthotopic animal tumor models after subcutaneous and intra-arterial administration of the adenoviruses, and tumor growth was assessed by direct calibration and magnetic resonance imaging. p53-VP22 showed enhanced transcriptional activity compared with p53 wild type. VP22-mediated intercellular transport of p53 could be observed in the normal liver and in liver tumors in vivo and was correlated with increased antitumor efficacy of gene therapy and improved survival of the animals. Fusion of VP22 to p53 strongly improves the results of p53 replacement gene therapy. Furthermore, the demonstrated VP22-mediated intercellular transport in the liver could be important for other strategies in liver gene therapy, providing a tool for enhancing the effect of gene therapy in liver diseases such as metabolic disorders or viral hepatitis.
    Gastroenterology 08/2002; 123(2):608-18. · 12.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The capacity of VP22 chimeric proteins to spread from the primary transduced cell to surrounding cells could improve gene therapy approaches, especially in cancer therapy. However, there are conflicting data about VP22-mediated intercellular trafficking in different studies. To assess the role of VP22 in gene therapy of hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) we constructed expression vectors for N- and C-terminal versions of VP22-p53 fusion proteins and investigated the VP22-mediated shuttle effect in hepatoma cells by cotransfection experiments. VP22-mediated trafficking was not detectable in hepatoma cells in vitro by fluorescence microscopy, but reporter gene transactivation assays demonstrated intercellular trafficking of functional VP22-p53 in vitro. For in vivo experiments, the recombinant adenoviruses Ad5CMVp53 and Ad5CMVp53-VP22 were constructed. In contrast to the in vitro experiments intercellular trafficking of VP22-p53 could be observed in subcutaneous tumors of hepatoma cells by fluorescence microscopy, indicating a stronger shuttle effect in solid tumors compared to cell culture experiments. Because spread of p53-VP22 in liver tumors was correlated with enhanced apoptosis of hepatoma cells VP22-mediated trafficking of potential therapeutic proteins may improve the results of gene therapy of HCCs.
    Cancer Gene Therapy 07/2002; 9(6):489-96. · 2.95 Impact Factor