[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Synthesis and broad-spectrum anticancer activity of a novel heterocyclic compound 1 containing the title imidazo[4,5-e][1,3]diazepine ring system have been reported. The compound shows potent in vitro antitumor activity with low micromolar IC(50)'s against prostate, lung, breast, and ovarian cancer cell lines tested. The long alkyl chain attached to the six-position of the heterocyclic ring of 1 appears to be necessary for the observed biological activity.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: New benzofuranyl-1,3-benzoxazines and 1,3-benzoxazin-2-ones are synthesized in which benzofuran is coupled with 1,3-benzoxazines and 1,3-benzoxazin-2-ones through -CONH- and -COCH2- bridges, respectively. The antimicrobial activity of these compounds is reported.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The first synthesis of a novel 5:7:5-fused heterocyclic ring system, a diimidazodiazepine, is reported. The propensity of the ring system to undergo facile, acid-catalyzed nucleophilic addition reactions by neutral carbon and nitrogen nucleophiles has been explored. The ring system has potential future applications in mechanistic studies of formation and repair of DNA interstrand cross-links.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Four nucleoside analogues ( 1- 4) containing a common heterocyclic base, 4(7)-amino-6(5) H-imidazo[4,5- d]pyridazin-7(4)one, were screened against calf-intestine adenosine deaminase. Compounds 1 and 3 with K(i) values of 10-12 microM are more than four times as potent inhibitors of ADA compared with 2 and 4, with K(i) values of 51-52 microM. Also, 3 is not a substrate of ADA. Nucleosides 3 and 4 also exhibit moderate in vitro activity against breast cancer cell lines, while all four are only minimally or nontoxic to the normal cells.
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 03/2008; 51(3):694-8. · 5.61 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The title compound (4) was synthesized by the reaction of ethyl 1-(2,3,5-tri-O-benzoyl-beta-d-ribofuranosyl)-5-formylimidazole-4-carboxylate with excess guanidine in ethanol at reflux. Compound 4 was evaluated in vitro against NTPases/helicases of four different viruses of the Flaviviridae family, including the West Nile virus (WNV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), dengue virus (DENV), and the Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), employing both an RNA and a DNA substrate. The compound showed activity against NTPase/helicase of WNV and HCV with an IC(50) of 23 and 37 microM, respectively, when a DNA substrate was employed, while no activity was observed when an RNA substrate was used. There was no activity against the NTPase/helicase of either DENV or JEV irrespective of whether an RNA or a DNA substrate was employed. Considering that Flaviviridae are RNA viruses, the observed absence of activity against an RNA substrate, but the presence of activity against a DNA substrate is intriguing and somewhat surprising. The preliminary studies show that compound 4 does not form a tight complex with either an RNA or a DNA substrate, suggesting that its mechanism of action may involve direct interaction with the enzyme.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: As part of a program to design rational, mechanism-based inhibitors of guanase, we report here the synthesis and biochemical screening of two analogues of azepinomycin (1 and 2), a naturally occurring inhibitor of guanase, known to mimic the transition-state of the enzyme-catalyzed reaction. Our biochemical results show that compounds 1 and 2 are competitive inhibitors with K(i) of 2.01+/-0.16 x 10(-5) and 5.36+/-0.14 x 10(-5) M, respectively.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Synthesis and base-pairing studies of two 2'-deoxyribonucleosides, containing a common heterocyclic base, 7(4)-amino-5(6)H-imidazo[4,5-d]pyridazin-4(7)one (1 and 2), have been reported. The synthesis was accomplished by base-promoted deoxyribosylation of ethyl 5(4)-cyanoimidazole-4(5)-carboxylate (6), followed by ring-closure with hydrazine hydrate. The 1H NMR-based base-pair studies were conducted using DMF-d7 as a solvent by measuring changes in chemical shifts of the amino, hydrazide, imidazole H-2, and the sugar H-1' protons of the nucleosides with variations in concentrations and temperatures. Large downfield chemical shifts were observed for the NH, NH2, and to a lesser extent for the H-1' protons when the temperature was lowered from 25 to 0 degrees C, and then further down to -50 degrees C in 10 degree intervals. The observed experimental data are consistent with the results of molecular modeling studies. Nucleoside 2 exhibited low level antiviral activity against HIV-1 in CEM-SS cells with an IC50 of 89.2 microM. No cellular toxicity was observed at the highest concentration of the compound tested.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The attempted synthesis of a ring-expanded guanosine (1) containing the imidazo[4,5-e][1,3]diazepine ring system by condensation of 1-(2'-deoxy-beta-D-erythropentofuranosyl)-4-ethoxycarbonylimidazole-5-carbaldehyde (2) with guanidine resulted in the formation of an unexpected product, 1-(2'-deoxy-beta-D-erythropentofuranosyl)-5-(2, 4-diamino-3, 6-dihydro-1,3, 5-triazin-6-yl)imidazole-4-carboxamide (7). The structure as well as the pathway of formation of 7 was corroborated by isolation of the intermediate, followed by its conversion to the product. Nucleoside 7 showed promising in vitro anti-helicase activity against the West Nile virus NTPase/helicase with an IC50 of 3-10 microg/mL.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: An efficient and convenient method has been described for the selective conversion of an ester group into the corresponding carboxamide in vinylogous ester–aldehydes of imidazole. The method uses excess guanidine, which protects the aldehyde function as a diaminodihydro-s-triazine moiety. The carboxaldehyde group is regenerated by hydrolysis of the triazine moiety to provide vinylogous amide–aldehydes of imidazole as the final product.
Tetrahedron Letters - TETRAHEDRON LETT. 01/2005; 46(36):6005-6009.