[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: COX-2 expression in tumour cells has been associated with poor prognosis in gastrointestinal and non-gastrointestinal cancers. The aim of our study was to test the hypothesis that higher levels of COX-2 expression are prognostically related to poor clinico-pathologic features in adenocarcinoma of the oesophagus.
We reviewed the records of 100 consecutive patients undergoing resection for adenocarcinoma of the oesophagus to collect data on T-stage, N-stage, tumour recurrence and survival. T & N-stage was further confirmed by histological examination. COX-2 protein expression was assessed by immunohistochemistry in all patients and COX-2 m-RNA expression was measured by quantitative RT-PCR in a small group of patients.
Higher levels of COX-2 expression were associated with higher T stage (p = 0.008), higher N stage (p = 0.049), increased risk of tumour recurrence (p = 0.01) and poor survival (p = <0.001). A COX-2 score of >200 was associated with a median survival of 10 months compared to 26 months with a score of <200 (p = <0.001).
Higher levels of COX-2 expression are associated with poor clinico-pathologic features and poor survival in patients with oesophageal adenocarcinoma.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To test the hypothesis that both COX-1 and COX-2 expression in human gastric mucosa is up-regulated in the presence of inflammation as seen in patients with gastritis and gastric ulcers.
We performed immunohistochemistry using COX-1 and COX-2 monoclonal antibodies on gastric biopsies from 59 patients with normal mucosa, gastritis and gastric ulcers. Expression of COX-1 and COX-2 was quantified using an intensity proportion scoring system. Expression of COX-1 was primarily seen in the lamina propria mononuclear cells with some expression in deep gastric glands in the ulcer group. Expression of COX-2 was primarily seen in the deep gastric glands with focal expression in the lamina propria mononuclear cells. We found a stepwise increase in the expression of both COX-1 and COX-2 as mucosal damage progressed from normal to gastritis to gastric ulcer.
We conclude that both COX-1 and COX-2 expression in the gastric mucosa are increased in the setting of gastritis and gastric ulceration. Although this increased expression may be due, at least in part, to an increase in inflammatory cell numbers, this study raises the possibility that both COX-1 and COX-2 are inducible, contrary to the traditionally held view of only COX-2 being inducible.