Publications (3)0.42 Total impact
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ABSTRACT: Despite modern imaging methods, tuberculous abscess in the subdural space of the spine can lead to misdiagnosis and to neurogical complications development, even more up to paraplegia. We presented an extremely rare case of subdural tuberculous abscess of the lumbar (L) spine and paraparesis in imunocompetent a 49-year-old patient. A patient with chronic L syndrome and a history of intervertebral (IV) disc L3 and L5 operations got severe back pain late in July 2007. At the same time the patient had a purulent collection in the left knee, and was treated with high doses of corticosteroids and antibiotics. Then, the patient got a high fever, the amplification of pain in the L spine and the development of paraparesis. Erythrocyte sedimentation rate was 108 mm/1 h, C-reactive protein 106.0 mg/L, white blood cell (WBC) 38.4 x 09/L with a left turn. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the spine was registered expansive formation in the spinal canal, from the level of the IV disc L2 to the mid-L4 vertebral body. This finding is a "spoke" in favor of the extrusion and sequestration of IV disc L3 with the cranial and caudal migration. The patient underwent an emergency neurosurgical operation. The diagnosis of subdural staphylococcal abscess of L spine was made. According to the antibiogram antibiotic therapy was applied but without effect on the course of the disease. Control MRI of the L spine showed spondylodiscitis L3/L4, abscess collection in the spinal canal and paravertebral muscle abscess. Late in September 2007 the patient underwent needle biopsy of the L3 vertebral body guided by computed tomography and the acid-fast bacilli (AFB) were found. Tuberculostatics were introduced in the therapy. Two years later the patient was without significant personal difficulties, and with normal clinical, laboratory and morphological findings. Subdural tuberculous abscess of the spine is extremely rare manifestation of spine tuberculosis. The exact and early diagnosis and adequate treatment of atypical form of spine tuberculosis are key factors of good prognosis.Vojnosanitetski pregled. Military-medical and pharmaceutical review 12/2012; 69(12):1109-13. · 0.21 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Increasing number of epidemiological and clinical studies to date showed that the pandemic influenza A (H1N1) 2009, by its characteristics, significantly differs from infection caused by seasonal influenza. Therefore, the information about clinical spectrum of manifestations, risk factors for severe form of the disease, treatment and outcome in patients with novel flu are still collected. METHODS; A total of 98 patients (mean age 32 +/- 15 years, range 14-88 years) with the signs and symptoms of novel influenza were treated in the Clinic for Infectious and Tropical Diseases, Military Medical Academy. There were 74 (75.5%) patients with suspected influenza A (H1N1) 2009, 10 (10.2%) with the likelihood and 14 (14.3%) with the confirmed influenza. In all the patients we registered the basic demographic data, risk factors for severe disease, symptoms and signs of influenza, laboratory tests and chest radiography. We analyzed antiviral therapy use and disease outcome (survived, died). The average time from the beginning of influenza A (H1N1) to the admission in hospital was 3 days (0-16 days) and from the moment of hospitalization to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) admission was 2 days (0-5 days). There were 49 (50.0) patients, 20-29 years of age and 5 (5.1) patients older than 65. A total of 21 (21.4%) patients were with underlying disease, 18 (18.4%) were obese, 19 (19.4) were cigarette smokers. All of the patients had fever, 81 (82.6%) cough, while dyspnea and diarrhea were registered in 4 of the patients. In more than 75% of the patients laboratory tests were within normal limits. The real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test for identification of influenza A (H1N1) 2009 was positive in 14 (77.8%), while pneumonia was verified in 30 (30.7%) of the patients. Six (6.1%) patients, mean age of 45 +/- 14 years (31-59 years) were admitted to the ICU, of whom five (5.1%) had Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS). Risk factors were registered more frequently in the patients with acute respiratory failure (14.2% vs 4.9%, p < 0.05). A total of 67 (68.4%) patients received oseltamivir, 89 (90.1%) was applied to antibiotics and 64 (65.3%) were treated with a combined therapy. Antiviral therapy was applied to 43 (43.3%) patients in the first 48 hours from the onset of the disease, of whom only one (3.4) developed ARDS. Fatal outcome was noted in 2.0% of the patients (2 of 98 patients) and in 33.3% of the patients treated in the ICU. Novel influenza A (H1N1) is most commonly manifested as a mild acute respiratory disease, which usually affects young healthy adults. A small number of the patients develop severe illness with acute respiratory failure and death. Patients seem to have benefit from antiviral therapy especially in first 48 hours.Vojnosanitetski pregled. Military-medical and pharmaceutical review 03/2011; 68(3):248-56. · 0.21 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Since the outcome in septic patients can significantly be improved if the appropriate therapy is introduced timely early, the early diagnosis of sepsis and its complications is essential. The aim of this study was to compare mean values of the initial blood concentrations of lactate, C-reactive protein and creatinine and the severity of illness and the outcome of sepsis. A total of 30 septic patients were included in the study. The diagnosis of sepsis and its complications was made according to consensus criteria. The severity of illness was scored by an acute physiology, age and chronic health evaluation septic score. The patients were subdivided into different groups, those with sepsis, severe sepsis or septic shock, those with or without multiple organ dysfunction syndrome, and survivors and nonsurvivors. The differences in mean values of lactate levels among all studied groups were significantly high, whereas the level of C-reactive protein were significantly higher only in the non-survivors compared to the survivors (p < 0.05). The concentrations of creatinine were significantly higher in the patients with septic shock compared to the patients with sepsis, and in the patients with multiple organ dysfunction syndrome and the non-survivors compared to the corresponding groups (p < 0.05). The septic score clearly discriminated patients with different severity of sepsis, development of multiple organ dysfunction syndrome and survival and positively correlated with the concentrations of lactate, C-reactive protein and creatinine (the best correlation ranks were with lactate levels, p < 0.001). Our results suggest that lactate level is a better parameter of illness severity and outcome of sepsis than levels of C-reactive protein and creatinine. When compared to the above parameters, the septic score determined on the day of admission to hospital is a much better criterion to classify patients into groups with different severity of sepsis, with and without multiple organ dysfunction syndrome and into survivors and non-survivors.Medicinski pregled 01/2010; 63(3-4):267-73.