Chinese medical journal 10/2008; 121(17):1747-50. · 0.86 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: To study the changes of lectin-like oxidized low density lipoprotein receptor-1 (LOX-1) expression in the autologous vein grafts and vein graft atherosclerotic lesions.
Thirty New Zealand white rabbits were randomly assigned to normal control group (rabbits fed with normal diet, n = 10), vein graft group (autologous external jugular vein grafting to common carotid artery and fed with normal diet, n = 10) or vein graft plus high-lipid diet group (autologous vein graft and fed with high-lipid diet, n = 10) for 12 weeks. LOX-1 expressions in the grafts were examined by immunohistochemistry and semi-quantitative reverse transcription-PCR. The relationships between serum total cholesterol level, intimal thickness and LOX-1 expression were also investigated.
LOX-1 expression was low in the endothelium of external jugular veins in the normal control group and significantly increased in the endothelium and neointima of vein grafts in the vein graft group (0.31 +/- 0.14 vs. 0.09 +/- 0.04, P < 0.01) and which was further increased in the endothelium and atherosclerotic lesions in the vein graft plus high-lipid diet group (0.93 +/- 0.34 vs. 0.31 +/- 0.14, P < 0.01). LOX-1 expression in the atherosclerotic lesions was located both in endothelial cells and foam cells and the expression was most prominent in endothelial cells. LOX-1 expression and intimal thickness were positively related to serum total cholesterol level (P = 0.00 and 0.02) and the partial correlation coefficient was 0.78 and 0.42, respectively.
LOX-1 expression is increased in endothelium and neointima of autologous vein grafts of rabbits. Hypercholesterolemia upregulates LOX-1 expression in vein graft atherosclerosis. Thus, LOX-1 might play an important role in the pathogenesis of vein graft atherosclerosis.
Zhonghua xin xue guan bing za zhi [Chinese journal of cardiovascular diseases] 03/2006; 34(2):148-52.
ABSTRACT: Dendritic cells play an important role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. To explore the effects of hyperglycemia on the maturation and immune function of human monocyte derived dendritic cells (MDCs).
Immature MDCs were cultured in RPMI1640 medium with either 5.5 mmol/L D-glucose (NG), 25 mmol/L D-glucose (HG) or 5.5 mmol/L D-glucose + 19.5 mmol/L mannitol (HM) in the absence or presence of 30 mmol/L N-acetylcysteine [NAC, a reactive oxygen species inhibitor (ROS)] for 48 hours. FACS was used to investigate the MDCs immunophenotypic expression. Immune function was evaluated by allogeneic mixed T lymphocyte reaction and measurement of cytokine levels from culture supernatants. Intracellular ROS production in MDCs was also measured by 2', 7'-dichlorodihydrofluorescein (DCF, 10 micromol/L) fluorescence using confocal laser-scanning microscopy techniques.
Compared with NG and HM treated MDCs, the expression of maturation markers such as CD1a, HLA-DR, CD83, CD86 were significantly upregulated, allogeneic T cells proliferation as well as the cytokines secretions (IL-2, IL-12, IL-10 and IFN-gamma) significantly increased in HG treated MDCs. Intracellular ROS production in MDCs was also significantly increased and all these stimulatory effects of HG could be partially attenuated by NAC.
High glucose promote the maturation of MDCs and augment their capacity to stimulate T-cell proliferation and cytokine secretions at least in part through enhancing intracellular ROS generation. These stimulating effects of high glucose on MDCs maturation may be one of the mechanisms of accelerated atherosclerosis found in patients with diabetes.
Zhonghua xin xue guan bing za zhi [Chinese journal of cardiovascular diseases] 02/2006; 34(1):60-4.