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Publications (2)4.91 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Standardized extract from the leaves of the Ginkgo biloba tree, labeled EGb761, is one of the most popular herbal supplements, taken for its multivalent properties. In this study, dosage effects of EGb761 on hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2))-induced apoptosis of human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells were investigated. It was found that H(2)O(2)-induced apoptotic cell death in SH-SY5Y cells, which was revealed in DNA fragmentation, mitochondrial membrane potential depolarization, and activation of Akt, c-Jun N-terminal kinases (JNK) and caspase 3. Low doses of EGb761 (50-100 microg/ml) inhibited H(2)O(2)-induced cell apoptosis via inactivation of Akt, JNK and caspase 3 while high doses of EGb761 (250-500 microg/ml) enhanced H(2)O(2) toxicities via inactivation of Akt and enhancement of activation of JNK and caspase 3. Additional experiments revealed that H(2)O(2) decreased intracellular GSH content, which was also inhibited by low concentrations of EGb761 but enhanced after high concentrations of EGb761 treatment. This further suggests to us that dosage effects of EGb761 on apoptotic signaling proteins may be correlated with regulation of cell redox state. Therefore, treatment dosage may be one of the vital factors that determine the specific action of EGb761 on oxidative stress-induced cell apoptosis. To understand the mechanisms of dosage effects of EGb761 may have important clinical implications.
    Chemico-biological interactions 06/2009; 180(3):389-97. · 2.46 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Ginkgo biloba extract EGb761 has been shown to protect against beta-amyloid peptide (Abeta)-induced neurotoxicity but the specific mechanisms remain unclear. In the present study, effects of EGb761 and two of its constituents, quercetin and ginkgolide B, on the cytotoxic action of Abeta (1-42) were tested with human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells. We found that EGb761 was able to block Abeta (1-42)-induced cell apoptosis, reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulation, mitochondrial dysfunction and activation of c-jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) and Akt signaling pathways. Both quercetin and ginkgolide B may be involved in the inhibitory effects of EGb761 on JNK, ERK1/2 and Akt signaling pathways. Ginkgolide B also helped to improve mitochondrial functions but quercetin failed to show this effect. Additional experiments suggest that, protective effects of EGb761 against Abeta toxicity may be associated with its antioxidant and platelet activating factor (PAF) antagonist activities. Quercetin but not ginkgolide B is one of the constituents responsible for the antioxidant action of EGb761. Both quercetin and ginkgolide B may be involved in the PAF antagonist activity of EGb761. Overall, actions of individual EGb761 components provide further insights into direct mechanisms underlying the neuroprotective effects of EGb761.
    Chemico-biological interactions 06/2009; 181(1):115-23. · 2.46 Impact Factor