[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Here we investigate the structural and functional basis of the interactions between Notch and Wingless signalling in Drosophila. Using yeast-two-hybrid and pull-down assays we show that Notch can bind directly a form of Dishevelled that is stabilized upon Wingless signalling. Moreover, we show that the mechanism by which Wingless signalling is able to downregulate Notch is by promoting its ligand-independent traffic to a compartment where it is degraded and that this activity depends on Dishevelled.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Notch receptors act as ligand-dependent membrane-tethered transcription factors with a prominent role in binary cell fate decisions during development, which is conserved across species. In addition there is increasing evidence for other functions of Notch, particularly in connection with Wnt signalling: Notch is able to modulate the activity of Armadillo/ss-catenin, the effector of Wnt signalling, in a manner that is independent of its transcriptional activity. Here we explore the mechanism of this interaction in the epithelium of the Drosophila imaginal discs and find that it is mediated by the ligand-independent endocytosis and traffic of the Notch receptor. Our results show that Notch associates with Armadillo near the adherens junctions and that it is rapidly endocytosed promoting the traffic of an activated form of Armadillo into endosomal compartments, where it may be degraded. As Notch has the ability to interact with and downregulate activated forms of Armadillo, it is possible that in vivo Notch regulates the transcriptionally competent pool of Armadillo. These interactions reveal a previously unknown activity of Notch, which serves to buffer the function of activated Armadillo and might underlie some of its transcription-independent effects.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The Notch gene of Drosophila encodes a single transmembrane receptor that plays a central role in the process of lateral inhibition. This process results in the selection of individual mesodermal and neural precursors during the development of the muscular and nervous systems. The activation of Notch during lateral inhibition is mediated by the transmembrane ligand Delta (Dl) and effected by the transcription factor Suppressor of Hairless (Su(H)). The same functional cassette plays a role in other processes, in particular, the development and patterning of the wing. Genetic analysis has suggested that, in addition to the Su(H)-dependent pathway, Notch can signal in an Su(H)-independent manner. This process seems to be tightly associated with signalling by Wingless, a member of the Wnt family of signalling molecules. Here, we have analyzed further the possibility that the Notch protein encodes two different functions. To do so, we have studied the activities and genetic properties of different Notch receptors bearing deletions of specific regions of the intracellular and the extracellular domains in different developmental processes, and have sought to correlate the activity of these mutant proteins with those of existing mutants in Notch. Our results support the existence of at least two different activities of Notch each of which can be associated with specific structural domains.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The establishment and stability of cell fates during development depend on the integration of multiple signals, which ultimately modulate specific patterns of gene expression. While there is ample evidence for this integration at the level of gene regulatory sequences, little is known about its operation at other levels of cellular activity. Wnt and Notch signalling are important elements of the circuitry that regulates gene expression in development and disease. Genetic analysis has suggested that in addition to convergence on the transcription of specific genes, there are modulatory cross-regulatory interactions between these signalling pathways. We report that the nodal point of these interactions is an activity of Notch that regulates the activity and the amount of the active/oncogenic form of Armadillo/beta-catenin. This activity of Notch is independent of that induced upon cleavage of its intracellular domain and which mediates transcription through Su(H)/CBF1. The modulatory function of Notch described here, contributes to the establishment of a robust threshold for Wnt signalling which is likely to play important roles in both normal and pathological situations.
Development 05/2005; 132(8):1819-30. · 6.21 Impact Factor