P McLaughlin

University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, United States

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Publications (253)1860.39 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: We conducted a prospective randomized phase II study to evaluate two chemotherapy regimens: (i) rituximab plus hyperfractionated cyclophosphamide, vincristine, doxorubicin and dexamethasone (R-HCVAD) alternating with rituximab, high-dose methotrexate, and cytarabine (R-MA) and (ii) rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine and prednisone (R-CHOP) in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). This study randomized patients aged ≤60 years with DLBCL and an age-adjusted international prognostic index ≥2 to R-HCVAD/R-MA or R-CHOP based on a Bayesian adaptive algorithm. Interim analysis of the first 26 eligible patients showed that the complete response rate (CRR) was higher with R-HCVAD/R-MA than R-CHOP (P = 0·03); thus, R-CHOP arm was closed. In the final analysis, 49 and 10 eligible patients were treated in R-HCVAD/R-MA and R-CHOP arms respectively; CRR were 82% and 60% respectively (P = 0·13); 3-year progression-free survival (PFS) rates were 75·7% and 77·8% respectively (P = 0·53). In the R-HCVAD/R-MA arm, 3-year PFS rates in patients aged 46-60 years and ≤45 years were 70·3% and 87·1% respectively (P = 0·13), and the treatment-associated early mortality rate in patients >45 years was 12%. In conclusion, R-HCVAD/R-MA is associated with excellent outcome in patients ≤45 years old. However, in patients >45 years old, R-HCVAD/R-MA is associated with unacceptable mortality rates.
    British Journal of Haematology 10/2013; · 4.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract The objective of this study was to assess the value of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of orbit for conjunctival MALT lymphoma. The yield of other staging tests at baselin were also evaluated. 21 consecutive patients treated for conjunctival MALT lymphoma were retrospectively studied. Lymphoma was staged both according to the Ann Arbor staging and the 7th edition of the AJCC. Findings on MRI of orbit, whole body PET/CT, CT of chest/abdomen/pelvis, bone marrow (BM) biopsy, and gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy were recorded. 17 patients had an orbital MRI. Fourteen of 17 patients (82%) with obvious conjunctival MALT lymphoma on clinical examination had a negative MRI. Only 3 patients had subtle conjunctival enhancement on orbital MRI. Ann Arbor stage at presentation was as follows: Stage IE (15 patients), stage IIE (2 patients), and stage IV (4 patients). Eighteen of 21 patients had total body PET/CT; four patients (22%) had hypermetabolic activity evident on the PET scan. All 21 patients had bilateral BM biopsies. Fifteen of 21 patients (71%) had GI endoscopy. None of the patients had a positive BM biopsy or findings on GI endoscopy. Our data suggest that orbital MRI has very low yield for identification of conjunctival MALT lymphoma. Clinical exam is critical in diagnosing and assessing treatment response for conjunctival MALT lymphoma. The yield for GI endoscopy and BM biopsy also maybe low in staging of conjunctival MALT lymphoma.
    Leukemia & lymphoma 07/2013; · 2.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Vincristine sulfate liposome injection (VSLI; Marqibo(®) ; M) is active in relapsed and refractory lymphomas, and approved in the United States for relapsed and refractory adult acute lymphocytic leukaemia. We evaluated VSLI (2·0 mg/m(2) without dose cap) substituted for non-liposomal vincristine (VCR) in a cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, prednisone ± ritiximab (CHOP±R) regimen, creating CHMP±R in 72 untreated, aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphoma patients, including 60 with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). The overall response rate was 96% (69/72) including complete response (CR) in 65 (90%) and unconfirmed CR in 2 (3%). Median progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were not reached at median follow-up of 8 and 10·2 years, respectively. The 5- and 10-year PFS and OS were 75%, 63%, 87%, and 77%, respectively. Despite VSLI exposure of up to 35 mg, the safety profile of CHMP±R was comparable to that reported for CHOP±R. Grade 3 peripheral neuropathy was reported in 2 (3%) patients; there was no reported Grade 3/4 constipation. CHMP±R was highly active, generally well tolerated, and compared favourably to historical trials with R-CHOP in DLBCL. This enhanced activity probably reflects VCR dose intensification, pharmacokinetic optimization, and enhanced delivery afforded by VSLI. A Phase 3 trial of R-CHMP versus R-CHOP in elderly patients with untreated DLBCL is ongoing.
    British Journal of Haematology 06/2013; · 4.94 Impact Factor
  • British Journal of Haematology 04/2013; · 4.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACH2, a B-cell specific transcription factor, plays a critical role in oxidative stress-mediated apoptosis. Bortezomib (Velcade(TM)) is widely used to treat relapsed mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) patients despite varying clinical outcomes. As one of the potential mechanisms of action, bortezomib was reported to elicit endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress which triggers reactive oxygen species (ROS). In the present study, we investigated the redox-sensitive intracellular mechanism that might play a critical role in bortezomib response in MCL cells. We demonstrated that in MCL cells that are sensitive to bortezomib treatments, BACH2 was translocated to the nucleus in response to bortezomib and induced apoptotic responses through the modulation of anti-oxidative and anti-apoptotic genes. On the other hand, in bortezomib resistant cells, BACH2 expression was confined in the cytoplasm and no suppression of antiapoptotic or antioxidative genes, Nrf2, Gss, CAT, HO-1 and MCL1, was detected. Importantly, levels of BACH2 were significantly higher in bortezomib sensitive MCL patient cells, indicating that BACH2 levels could be an indicator for clinical bortezomib responses. BACH2 translocation to the cytoplasm after phosphorylation was inhibited by PI3K inhibitors and combinatory regimens of bortezomib and PI3K inhibitors sensitized MCL cells to bortezomib. These data suggest that cellular distribution of BACH2 in response to ROS determines the threshold for the induction of apoptosis. Therapies that inhibit BACH2 phosphorylation could be the key for increasing bortezomib cytotoxic response in patients.
    PLoS ONE 01/2013; 8(8):e69126. · 3.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Patients with lymphoma are at risk of development of bone mineral density (BMD) loss from therapy with high-dose corticosteroids and alkylating agents. Zoledronic acid (ZA), a bisphosphonate, may prevent this complication of therapy. We evaluated the effect of ZA on the change in BMD and surrogate biomarkers in patients with lymphoma receiving initial chemotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Our phase III trial randomized 74 patients with newly diagnosed lymphoma and a baseline BMD of ≥ -2.0 to receive oral calcium and vitamin D daily with or without ZA at enrollment and at 6 months after enrollment. BMD was evaluated at baseline and 1 year after enrollment. Secondary biomarker endpoints were collected at baseline and at 3, 6, 9, and 12 months after enrollment. RESULTS: Forty-three percent of patients had baseline osteopenia. Fifty-three patients were evaluable for response: 24 received ZA and had stable BMD during the observation period, whereas 29 patients in the control group had decreased BMD (P < .05 at lumbar spine and bilateral femoral neck). Twenty-one randomized patients were not evaluable for response because of lymphoma progression or death, withdrawn consent/incomplete testing, or ineligibility. Bone biomarkers were higher in the control group at all intervals after treatment (P < .001). No fractures or intervention-related toxicities were observed during this trial. CONCLUSIONS: Newly diagnosed patients with lymphoma are at risk of low BMD, which may worsen with therapy. Treatment with ZA effectively stabilizes BMD and prevents bone loss. Our data suggest that BMD testing and prophylaxis should be considered as an early intervention for a preventable problem.
    Clinical lymphoma, myeloma & leukemia 12/2012;
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The baseline absolute monocyte count and absolute lymphocyte count were used to generate a prognostic index (the AMLPI) for survival in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). METHODS: Data from 245 patients with DLBCL who were treated with standard R-CHOP (rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin hydrochloride, vincristine sulfate, prednisone) were reviewed. By using the values previously reported for the AMLPI, its prognostic value was examined in our population. RESULTS: After a median follow-up of 22 months for censored observations, the 3-year progression-free survival (PFS) rates for the international prognostic index (IPI) 0-2 and 3-5 risk groups were 73% and 58%, respectively (P = .0004); comparable overall survival (OS) rates were 88% and 68%, respectively (P < .0001). For patients with IPI scores of 0-2, 1-year PFS rates for AMLPI low-, intermediate-, and high-risk groups were 92%, 89%, and 80%, respectively (P = .022); comparable 1-year OS rates were 96%, 95%, and 80%, respectively (P = .049). By multivariate analysis, with the adjustment of IPI in the model, AMLPI effects (low- vs. high-risk groups) on PFS and OS rates were significant, with P = .046 (hazard ratio [HR] 0.402 [95% CI, 0.164-0.986] and P = .052 (HR 0.325 [95% CI, 0.104-1.011]), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The absolute monocyte and lymphocyte counts prognostic index (the AMLPI) may add prognostic value beyond that of the IPI for patients with DLBCL who receive R-CHOP.
    Clinical lymphoma, myeloma & leukemia 11/2012;
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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSEPatients with follicular lymphoma (FL) registered in the F2-study and initially managed without treatment were analyzed to describe the presentation and outcome of a watch and wait (W&W) strategy in the rituximab era, to identify parameters for initiating treatment, and to evaluate whether initial W&W could have deleterious effects on treatment efficacy after progression or relapse. PATIENTS AND METHODS Between 2003 and 2005, 120 patients selected from the 1,093 treatment-naive patients with FL in the F2-study cohort were initially managed expectantly (W&W), and 107 patients were assessed. Most of these patients (80%) had disseminated disease with a low tumor burden according to Groupe d'Etudes des Lymphomes Folliculaires criteria.ResultsAfter a median follow-up of 64 months, treatment was initiated in 54 patients (50%), with a median delay of 55 months for the entire cohort. In a univariate analysis, involvement of more than four nodal areas (hazard ratio [HR], 2.26) and serum albumin less than 3.5 g/dL (HR, 3.51) were predictive of a shorter time to lymphoma treatment initiation. In a multivariate analysis, only involvement of more than four nodal areas remained significant (HR, 2.32). The 4-year freedom from treatment failure (FFTF) rate of W&W patients (79%; 95% CI, 69% to 85%) was not inferior to that of a subgroup of 242 patients from the F2-study cohort with good prognosis characteristics who were initially treated with a rituximab-based regimen (69%; 95% CI, 61% to 76%; P = .103). CONCLUSION In the rituximab era, patients with FL in a selected prognostically favorable group can still be managed with W&W. W&W does not seem to have detrimental effects on FFTF and overall survival rates after treatment.
    Journal of Clinical Oncology 09/2012; · 18.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSEThe Janus kinase 2/signal transducers and activators of transcription (JAK2/STAT) pathway plays an important role in the pathogenesis of hematologic malignancies. We conducted a phase I dose-finding and pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic study of SB1518, a potent JAK2 inhibitor, in patients with relapsed lymphoma.Patients And methodsPatients with relapsed or refractory Hodgkin or non-Hodgkin lymphoma of any type except Burkitt's or CNS lymphoma were enrolled. Patient cohorts received escalating doses of SB1518 orally once daily for 28-day cycles. Response was evaluated after 8 weeks.ResultsThirty-four patients received doses of 100 to 600 mg/d. The maximum tolerated dose was not reached. Treatment was well tolerated, with mostly grade 1 and 2 toxicities. Gastrointestinal toxicities were the most common treatment-related events. Cytopenias were infrequent and modest. Pharmacologically active concentrations were achieved at all doses. Dose-related linear increases in area under the concentration-time curve were seen on day 1, with no significant accumulation on day 15. Mean terminal half-life was 1 to 4 days, and mean time to peak concentration ranged from 5 to 9 hours. SB1518 inhibited JAK2 signaling at 4 hours postdose at all levels. Increases in fms-like tyrosine kinase-3 (FLT-3) ligand, reflecting FLT-3 inhibition, were seen in most patients. There were three partial responses (≥ 300 mg/d) and 15 patients with stable disease (SD), with most responses lasting longer than 2 months. Seven of 13 SDs had tumor reductions of 4% to 46%. CONCLUSIONSB1518 has encouraging activity in relapsed lymphoma, providing the first proof-of-principle of the potential therapeutic value of targeting the JAK/STAT pathway in lymphoma in the clinical setting.
    Journal of Clinical Oncology 09/2012; · 18.04 Impact Factor
  • The Lancet Oncology 07/2012; · 25.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The combination of rituximab and lenalidomide has shown promise for the treatment of mantle-cell lymphoma (MCL) in preclinical studies. We aimed to identify the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of lenalidomide when combined with rituximab in a phase 1 trial and to assess the efficacy and safety of this combination in a phase 2 trial in patients with relapsed or refractory MCL. Patients with relapsed or refractory MCL who had received one to four previous lines of treatment were enrolled in this single-arm, open-label, phase 1/2 trial at MD Anderson Cancer Center. In phase 1, to identify the MTD of lenalidomide, four patient cohorts received escalating doses (10, 15, 20, and 25 mg) of daily oral lenalidomide on days 1-21 of each 28-day cycle. 375 mg/m(2) intravenous rituximab was also administered in four weekly doses during cycle 1 only. In phase 2, patients received rituximab plus the MTD of lenalidomide, following the same cycles as for phase 1. Treatment in both phases continued until disease progression, stem-cell transplantation, or severe toxicity. The primary efficacy endpoint was overall response (complete or partial response). The secondary efficacy endpoint was survival. We used the Kaplan-Meier method to estimate response duration, progression-free survival, and overall survival. Analysis was by intention to treat. This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT00294632. 52 patients were enrolled between Feb 10, 2006 and July 30, 2009, 14 in phase 1 and 44 (including six patients who received the MTD of lenalidomide in the phase 1 portion) in phase 2. The MTD was 20 mg lenalidomide. One patient who was treated with 25 mg lenalidomide developed a grade 4 non-neutropenic infection and died. In the phase 2 portion of the study, grade 3-4 haematological toxicities included neutropenia (29 patients), lymphopenia (16 patients), leucopenia (13 patients), and thrombocytopenia (ten patients). There were only two episodes of febrile neutropenia. Among 44 patients in phase 2, 25 (57%) had an overall response: 16 (36%) had a complete response and nine (20%) had a partial response. The median response duration was 18·9 months (95% CI 17·0 months to not reached [NR]). The median progression-free survival was 11·1 months (95% CI 8·3 to 24·9 months), and the median overall survival was 24·3 months (19·8 months to NR). Five of 14 patients who had received bortezomib treatment before enrolment achieved an overall response. Oral lenalidomide plus rituximab is well tolerated and effective for patients with relapsed or refractory MCL. Celgene.
    The Lancet Oncology 06/2012; 13(7):716-23. · 25.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In the present study, we evaluated the efficacy and safety of rituximab in combination with standard doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine (RABVD) in patients with classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL). In this phase 2 study, patients with chemotherapy-naive, advanced-stage cHL were treated with rituximab 375 mg/m(2) weekly for 6 weeks and standard ABVD for 6 cycles. The primary outcome was event-free survival (EFS) at 5 years. Eighty-five patients were enrolled, of whom 78 were eligible. With a median follow-up duration of 68 months (range, 26-110), and based on an intent-to-treat analysis, the 5-year EFS and overall survival rates were 83% and 96%, respectively. The 5-year EFS for patients with stage III/IV cHL was 82%. Furthermore, the 5-year EFS for patients with an International Prognostic Score of 0-2 was 88% and for those with a score of > 2, it was 73%. The most frequent treatment-related grade 3 or 4 adverse events were neutropenia (23%), fatigue (9%), and nausea (8%). Our results demonstrate that the addition of rituximab to ABVD is safe and has a promising clinical activity in patients with advanced-stage cHL. These data are currently being confirmed in a multicenter randomized trial.
    Blood 02/2012; 119(18):4123-8. · 9.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Previous studies have shown that interferon-α (IFN-α) and chemotherapy is an effective treatment for patients with newly diagnosed follicular lymphoma. Therefore, we performed a phase II trial to determine the safety and effectiveness of IFN-α and standard doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine and dacarbazine (ABVD) chemotherapy (IABVD) in these patients. Patients with newly diagnosed advanced stage classic Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) were enrolled between July 1997 and March 2000 on IABVD as initial therapy. This consisted of six cycles of ABVD with concurrent IFN-α followed by radiation therapy if indicated. IFN-α 6 million IU/m(2) was administered subcutaneously daily for 3 days and on day 4 patients received IFN-α with ABVD. Courses were repeated every 2 weeks for a maximum of 12 courses. IFN-α dose reduction was allowed for cytopenia. Outcome and baseline characteristics were reported. Thirty patients (median age, 30 years [range, 18-62 years]) were evaluable. Patients had Ann Arbor stage II (7%), III (30%) or IV (63%) disease, and 47% were at intermediate or high risk, as defined by the International Prognostic Score (≤ 2 vs. > 2). The 3-year event-free survival rate was 71% (95% confidence interval [CI], 56-90%), and the 3-year overall survival rate was 96% (95% CI, 89-100%). Treatment was well tolerated, with only three patients requiring IFN-α dose reduction or discontinuation because of cytopenia. IABVD is an effective regimen against advanced HL and is well tolerated. However, because of the emergence of effective new biologic agents, further development of this regimen is not warranted.
    Leukemia & lymphoma 01/2012; 53(5):801-6. · 2.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Tumor lysis syndrome (TLS) is a life-threatening disorder characterized by hyperuricemia and metabolic derangements. The efficacy of rasburicase, administered daily for 5 days, has been well established. However, the optimal duration of therapy is unknown in adults. We evaluated the efficacy of rasburicase (0.15 mg/kg) administered as single dose followed by as needed dosing (maximum five doses) versus daily dosing for 5 days in adult patients at risk for TLS. Eighty of the 82 patients enrolled received rasburicase; 40 high risk [median uric acid (UA) 8.5 mg/dl; range, 1.5-19.7] and 40 potential risk (UA = 5.6 mg/dl; range, 2.4-7.4). Seventy-nine patients (99%) experienced normalization in their UA within 4 h after the first dose; 84% to an undetectable level (<0.7 mg/dl). Thirty-nine of 40 (98%) patients in the daily-dose arm and 34 of 40 (85%) patients in single-dose arm showed sustained UA response. Six high-risk patients within the single-dose arm required second dose for UA >7.5 mg/dl. Rasburicase was well tolerated; one patient with glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency developed methemoglobinemia and hemolysis. Rasburicase is highly effective for prevention and management of hyperuricemia in adults at risk for TLS. Single-dose rasburicase was effective in most patients; only a subset of high-risk patients required a second dose.
    Annals of Oncology 10/2011; 23(6):1640-5. · 7.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Elevated serum CD44, intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) have been linked to poor prognosis in aggressive lymphomas, but their utility in low grade lymphomas remains undefined. We evaluated serum CD44, VCAM-1 and ICAM-1 levels in 100 patients with newly diagnosed indolent NHL. The median pre-treatment values of the markers were as follows: CD44 540 ng/mL (range 156-1201), ICAM-1 311 ng/mL (range 102-1222) and VCAM-1 1165 ng/mL (range 248-4779). On univariate analysis, elevated sCD44, sICAM-1 and sVCAM-1 were significantly associated with worse overall (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS). In a subset analysis of patients with stage IV disease, the effects of sCD44 and sICAM-1 on OS persisted (p<0.05), as did the effect of sCD44 on PFS (p<0.01). In a multivariate analysis that included conventional prognostic factors and the Follicular Lymphoma International Prognostic Index (FLIPI) model, sICAM-1 demonstrated prognostic value for OS and PFS. We conclude that serum CD44, ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 can potentially be prognostic in patients with indolent NHL. Though the FLIPI model remains the gold standard for prognosis, these quantitative serologic markers may be useful as adjunct tools in assessing disease risk.
    Leukemia & lymphoma 09/2011; 53(1):50-6. · 2.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Radioimmunotherapy (RIT) with (90)Y-ibritumomab tiuxetan or (131)I-tositumomab combines a radiation-emitting radionuclide with an antibody targeting CD20 to treat B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Multiple studies demonstrate favorable RIT efficacy and safety profiles in follicular lymphoma (FL). The primary toxicity is reversible myelosuppression. Various FL treatment options include single-agent immunotherapy, radiation, chemoimmunotherapy, and RIT. Examining RIT clinical effects and position within treatment algorithms is important to optimal patient benefit. Clinical studies support using single-agent RIT in relapsed/refractory FL, in selected patients with new, untreated FL, and as consolidation after induction chemotherapy or chemoimmunotherapy. RIT as consolidation enhances response rates (with conversion of partial to complete responses following induction therapy) and prolongs disease control versus observation. The overall response rate is 60-80% in the relapsed setting. Time to progression is longer with low-bulk disease, fewer prior therapies, and retained rituximab sensitivity. RIT apparently does not preclude subsequent therapies or increase risk of secondary malignancies compared with chemotherapy's known risk. This article summarizes consensus recommendations for RIT and presents RIT treatment algorithms developed by hematologists/oncologists who regularly treat patients with FL. Maximizing RIT benefit requires healthcare providers to utilize algorithms assisting with treatment decisions.
    Leukemia & lymphoma 07/2011; 52(7):1188-99. · 2.40 Impact Factor
  • Peter McLaughlin
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    ABSTRACT: Treatment results are improving for patients who have advanced-stage follicular lymphoma; this progress is in large part related to the inclusion of anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody therapy in front-line therapy programs. Rituximab has been combined successfully in chemo-immunotherapy regimens with several standard chemotherapy combinations, and with bendamustine. Post-remission treatment strategies, including radioimmuotherapy consolidation and rituximab maintenance, have had a favorable impact on duration of remission. Thus, although traditional palliative strategies can still have a role in many situations, such approaches must now be placed in perspective with options that have the potential to achieve durable disease control. Recent therapeutic advances have renewed the hope that potentially curative treatment options may be forthcoming for these patients.
    Clinical lymphoma, myeloma & leukemia 06/2011; 11 Suppl 1:S91-5.
  • Nathan Fowler, Peter McLaughlin
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    ABSTRACT: The non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHL) are a diverse group of neoplasms. Classification is based on morphology, phenotype (e.g., B- vs. T-cell), and ancillary factors that can include clinical presentation, cytogenetics and, sometimes, molecular genetic features. Most patients present with symptoms secondary to nodal growth or bone marrow involvement. The clinical presentation and natural history often varies depending on the subtype of NHL. Radiation alone, and in combination with chemotherapy, has been used successfully in localized disease. Management of extensive stage disease typically involves a systemic chemotherapy approach with combinations of multiple non-cross-resistant agents. In relapsed lymphoma, stem cell transplant has been shown to improve survival in some patients. Monoclonal antibodies and other biologic agents have demonstrated exciting activity and are taking a larger role in newer chemotherapy regimens. Late effects of therapy are a concern; it is hoped that newer targeted and biological therapy approaches may minimize these risks.
    03/2011: pages 274 - 295; , ISBN: 9781444394016
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    ABSTRACT: Despite high initial remission rates, most lymphomas relapse and require further therapy. The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway is a validated target in mantle cell lymphoma, but has not been extensively evaluated in other lymphomas. We performed a phase II trial of single-agent temsirolimus 25-mg weekly in patients with relapsed aggressive and indolent lymphomas. The primary objective was overall and complete response rate. Patients were stratified by histology: group A (diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, transformed follicular lymphoma), group B (follicular lymphoma), and group C (chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma, and other indolent lymphomas). Eighty-nine patients were treated, with outcome strongly dependent on histology. Group A had an overall and complete response rate of 28.1% and 12.5%, respectively, and median progression-free survival (PFS) of 2.6 months and median overall survival (OS) of 7.2 months. Group B had overall and complete response rates of 53.8% and 25.6%, respectively, and median PFS of 12.7 months; median OS has not yet been reached. Group C had a partial response rate of 11% with no complete responders. Toxicity was mainly mild and/or reversible myelosuppression and mucositis; however, four patients developed pneumonitis. Single-agent temsirolimus has significant activity in both diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and follicular lymphoma, although the durability of responses and PFS are longer for patients with follicular lymphoma. This is the first report of substantial activity of temsirolimus in lymphomas other than mantle cell lymphoma, and supports further evaluation of mTOR as a target in these diseases.
    Journal of Clinical Oncology 11/2010; 28(31):4740-6. · 18.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) outcomes have improved over the last two decades; however, late relapses occur. Bortezomib has shown single agent activity of 33% in relapsed MCL and has an additive/synergistic effect in vitro when combined with drugs currently used to treat MCL. We hypothesized that a combination of bortezomib with current intense non-transplant chemoimmunotherapy might prevent late relapses. The toxicity of bortezomib when combined with methotrexate and cytarabine is unknown. Patients aged 18-79 years with untreated aggressive MCL were treated with R-HyperCVAD (rituximab, cyclophosphamide, vincristine, doxorubicin, dexamethasone) alternating with rituximab-methotrexate/cytarabine (R-M/A). Bortezomib was added to the R-Hyper-CVAD combination as a fixed dose of 1·3 mg/m(2) IV on days 2 and 5 and was added to the R-M/A regimen after rituximab, in increasing doses of 0·7, 1, and 1·3 mg/m(2) in cohorts of three patients. Twenty patients were assessed for toxicity of the regimen. The principal toxicity was haematological and did not differ from that observed with a similar regimen without the bortezomib. In particular, there was no pulmonary or neurological dose-limiting toxicity, showing that bortezomib can be safely combined with R-HyperCVAD and R-M/A.
    British Journal of Haematology 10/2010; 151(1):47-53. · 4.94 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

8k Citations
1,860.39 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1986–2013
    • University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center
      • • Department of Lymphoma and Myeloma
      • • Division of Radiation Oncology
      • • Department of Stem Cell Transplantation & Cellular Therapy
      • • Department of Leukemia
      Houston, TX, United States
  • 2006–2012
    • Roswell Park Cancer Institute
      • Department of Medicine
      Buffalo, NY, United States
  • 2010
    • University of Chicago
      Chicago, Illinois, United States
  • 2008
    • Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania
      • Division of Hematology/Oncology
      Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
  • 2007
    • Nevada cancer institute
      Las Vegas, Nevada, United States
    • University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston
      Galveston, Texas, United States
  • 2003
    • Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre
      Melbourne, Victoria, Australia