[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Protein kinases are important enzymes in solid tumour and leukaemia pathologies. Their structures are well understood at the atomic level and their key role in the progression of certain cancers makes them valuable targets for anti-cancer therapy. Through medicinal chemical approaches, we developed an efficient preparative stereospecific synthesis of N12, N13 pyran-bridged indolocarbazoles that opens access to functional diversity within this previously challenging series. We focused upon the indolocarbazole class of chemical inhibitors, which includes S27888, an inhibitor we previously identified. We used biochemical and cell-based assays to identify small molecule inhibitors of Checkpoint kinase 1 (Chk1), a serine/threonine protein kinase that is activated when cancer cells are treated with genotoxic agents. These compounds show a promising inhibitory profile on Chk1. Furthermore, these compounds are active against FLT3, which is a tyrosine kinase that is frequently activated in human leukaemias. These data suggest that this chemical class may provide a source of therapeutic compounds for a broad range of human cancers.
Anti-cancer agents in medicinal chemistry 10/2011; 12(3):194-201.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We have developed biochemical and cell based assays to characterize small therapeutic molecules that inhibit the DNA damage checkpoint enzyme, Chk1 (Checkpoint kinase 1).
To prepare a screen of large chemical libraries, we purified the full-length and the catalytic domain versions of human Chk1. We characterized their properties and then selected full-length Chk1 as the variant most suitable for screening. We then identified and characterized structurally different Chk1 inhibitors in cell based-assays by measuring cytotoxicity and checkpoint bypass activity.
We treated human cells with topoisomerase I inhibitors and demonstrated that at the time of Chk1 inhibitor addition, the cells have damaged DNA and activated Chk1. One Chk1 inhibitor, the indolocarbazole S27888, was active in the checkpoint bypass assay.
Knowing that the protein kinase inhibitory properties are different for each inhibitor, it seems that only a limited range of inhibitory activity is tolerated by cells. Chk1 has an essential role in determining how cancer cells respond to genotoxic treatments, therefore, inhibitors of this protein kinase are of great medical interest.
Life sciences 08/2011; 89(7-8):259-68. · 2.56 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Alpha v integrins are thought to play an important role in tumor angiogenesis. However, discrepancies between findings with Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD) mimetics, which block angiogenesis in animal models, and knockout mice, in which loss of some alpha v integrins enhances tumor angiogenesis, raise questions concerning the function of these integrins and the precise role of alpha v substrate mimetics in antiangiogenic therapies. We have examined the effects of a novel non-peptide RGD mimetic, S 36578-2, on human endothelial cells to elucidate its antagonist activity and to identify possible agonist functions. S 36578-2 is highly selective for alpha v beta3 and alpha v beta5 integrins and induces detachment, caspase-8 activation, and apoptosis in human umbilical endothelial cells (HUVECs) plated on vitronectin. Importantly, the compound has no effect on the morphology or survival of cells plated on interstitial matrix components such as fibronectin, and it does not potentiate the apoptotic process in suspended cells. Identical results were obtained with a cyclic RGD peptide with similar target specificity. In microvascular endothelial cells, S 36578-2-induced death was also linked to its antiadhesive effect, with established lines markedly more resistant than primary cultures to the antiadhesive and proapoptotic effects. Altogether, these findings have important implications for the development of this class of antiangiogenics.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A preparative scale synthesis of a dioxan sialic acid analog was achieved from d-mannose. The conformation and the acidic character of this dioxan derivative, closely related to sialic acid, provides a scaffold for drug design.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A structure-activity study was performed by synthesis on N,N'-disubstitution of 3-aminobenzo[c] and [d]azepin-2-one 2 and 3 to afford potent and specific farnesyl transferase inhibitors with low nM enzymatic and cellular activities.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The synthesis and structure-activity relationship (SAR) studies of a series of cyclopentane carboxylic acid matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) inhibitors are described. Potent and specific MMP-2, -3, -9, -13 inhibitors were obtained by regio- and stereoselective substitutions at positions 2 and 5 on the cyclopentane ring. Compounds 2a and 2e are active in the mouse B16-F10 metastasis model and display very good pharmacokinetic parameters.
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 09/2003; 46(18):3840-52. · 5.48 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A rapid structure-activity study was performed by parallel liquid synthesis on N,N'-disubstitution of 3-amino azepin-2-one to afford potent and specific farnesyl transferase inhibitors with low nM enzymatic and cellular activities. The activities of the selected compounds were validated in vivo, and compounds 41a and 44a presented significant antitumour activity.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The role of adhesion molecules, such as alphav integrins, in the control of the survival of quiescent tumor cells is unclear. We used S 34961, a novel small molecule alphav integrin antagonist, to investigate the role of integrin-signaling in the survival of populations of quiescent human HT-29 and HCT 116 colon carcinoma cells. S 34961 at 1 microM induced detachment, but cells retained viability, existing as clusters. Nonligated beta-integrins may recruit and activate caspase-8 [J Cell Biol 155:459-470, 2001]. However, congruent with the absence of apoptosis, no activation of caspase-8 in these cells was detected after incubation with S 34961. A rapid (2 h) change in conformation of the N terminus of proapoptotic Bak was observed before detachment, together with a decrease in phosphorylation of focal adhesion kinase (2 h) and subsequent (8 h) decreases in phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase-1/2 and Akt. Together, these results suggested that although treatment with S 34961 has no effect on survival per se, it may reduce the survival threshold of the tumor cells, with Bak in an activated state. Indeed, concomitant incubation of S 34961 with 10 microM U-0126 (a mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase inhibitor) was found to lead to apoptosis (at 24 h), whereas U-0126 alone had no effect. Together, these observations could guide the use of combination therapy with integrin antagonists in the clinic.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A novel series of potent and specific alpha(v) integrin antagonists has been obtained by aminoalkyl substitutions on benzocyloheptene acetic acids as a rigid GD bioisostere. The preferred compounds 1-2, 1-3 and 1-8, showed nano- to subnanomolar IC(50) values on alpha(v)beta(3) and alpha(v)beta(5) integrins, with favorable pharmacokinetics.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A novel series of potent and specific MMP-2,3,9,13 inhibitors has been obtained by modulation on solid phase by alpha and aryl substitutions on 3-arylthio-N-hydroxy-propionamides starting from itaconic acid.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A novel series of potent and specific αv integrin antagonists has been obtained by aminoalkyl substitutions on benzocyloheptene acetic acids as a rigid GD bioisostere. The preferred compounds 1–2, 1–3 and 1–8, showed nano- to subnanomolar IC50 values on αvβ3 and αvβ5 integrins, with favorable pharmacokinetics.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Modulations of alpha and aryl substitutions on 3-aryloxy propionic acid hydroxamates led to novel and potent inhibitors of MMP-2,3,9 and 13, and selectivity versus MMP-1.