Are you Pavol A. Dubovsky?

Claim your profile

Publications (42)21.57 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We report on photometric observations of two dwarf novae, OT J075418.7+381225 and OT J230425.8+062546, which underwent superoutburst in 2013 (OT J075418) and in 2011 (OT J230425). Their mean period of the superhump was 0.0722403(26) d (OT J074518) and 0.067317(35) d (OT J230425). These objects showed a very long growing stage of the superhump (stage A) and a large period decrease in stage A-B transition. The long stage A suggests slow evolution of the superhump due to very small mass ratios of these objects. The decline rates during the plateau phase in the superoutburst of these objects were lower than those of SU UMa-type DNe with a similar superhump period. These properties were similar to those of SSS J122221.7-311523, the best candidate for the period bouncer. Therefore, these two DNe are regarded as good candidates for the period bouncer. We estimated the number density of period bouncers roughly from our observations in the recent five years. There is a possibility that these WZ Sge-type dwarf novae with unusual outburst properties can account for the missing population of the period bouncer expected from the evolutionary scenario.
    08/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We present photometric study of NY Ser, an in-the-gap SU UMa-type nova, in 2002 and 2013. We determined the duration of the superoutburst and the mean superhump period to be 18 d and 0.10458 d, respectively. We detected in 2013 that NY Ser showed two distinct states separated by the superoutburst. A state of rather infrequent normal outbursts lasted at least 44 d before the superoutburst and a state of frequent outbursts started immediately after the superoutburst and lasted at least for 34 d. Unlike a typical SU UMa star with bimodal distribution of the outbursts duration, NY Ser displayed a diversity of normal outbursts. In the state of infrequent outbursts, we detected a wide ~12 d outburst accompanied by 0.098 d orbital modulation but without superhumps ever established in NY Ser. We classified this as the "wide normal outburst". The orbital period dominated both in quiescence and during normal outbursts in this state. In the state of the most frequent normal outbursts, the 0.10465 d positive superhumps dominated and co-existed with the orbital modulation. In 2002 we detected the normal outburst of "intermediate" 5-6 d duration that was also accompanied by orbital modulations.
    08/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We report on a superoutburst of the AM CVn-type object SDSS J090221.35+381941.9 [J0902; orbital period 0.03355(6) d] in 2014 March-April. The entire outburst consisted of a precursor outburst and the main superoutburst, followed by a short rebrightening. During the rising branch of the main superoutburst, we detected growing superhumps (stage A superhumps) with a period of 0.03409(1) d. During the plateau phase of the superoutburst, superhumps with a shorter period (stage B superhumps) were observed. Using the orbital period and the period of the stage A superhumps, we were able to measure the dynamical precession rate of the accretion disk at the 3:1 resonance, and obtained a mass ratio (q) of 0.041(7). This is the first successful measurement of the mass ratio in an AM CVn-type object using the recently developed stage A superhump method. The value is generally in good agreement with the theoretical evolutionary model. The orbital period of J0902 is the longest among the outbursting AM CVn-type objects, and the borderline between the outbursting systems and systems with stable cool disks appears to be longer than had been supposed.
    07/2014;
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We carried out the photometric observations of the SU UMa-type dwarf nova ER UMa during 2011 and 2012, which showed the existence of persistent negative superhumps even during the superoutburst. We performed two-dimensional period analysis of its light curves by using a method called "least absolute shrinkage and selection operator" (Lasso) and "phase dispersion minimization" (PDM) analysis, and we found that the period of negative superhumps systematically changed between a superoutburst and the next superoutburst. The trend of the period change can beinterpreted as reflecting the change of the disk radius. This change of the disk radius is in good agreement with the predicted change of the disk radius by the thermal-tidal instability (TTI) model. The normal outbursts within a supercycle showed a general trend that the rising rate to maximum becomes slower as the next superoutburst approaches. The change can be interpreted as the consequence of the increased gas-stream flow onto the inner region of the disk as the result of the tilted disk. Some of the superoutbursts were found to be triggered by a precursor normal outburst when the positive superhumps appeared to develop. The positive and negative superhumps co-existed during the superoutburst. The positive superhumps were prominent only during four or five days after the supermaximum, while the signal of the negative superhumps became strong after the middle phase of the superoutburst plateau. A simple combination of the positive and negative superhumps was found to be insufficient in reproducing the complex profile variation. We were able to detect the developing phase of positive superhumps (stage A superhumps) for the first time in ER UMa-type dwarf novae. Using the period of stage A superhumps, we obtained a mass ratio of 0.100(15), which indicates that ER UMa is on the ordinary evolutional track of CVs.
    02/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Continuing the project described by Kato et al. (2009, PASJ, 61, S395, arXiv:0905.1757), we collected times of superhump maxima for 56 SU UMa-type dwarf novae mainly observed during the 2013-2014 season and characterized these objects. We detected negative superhumps in VW Hyi and indicated that the low number of normal outbursts in some supercycle can be interpreted as a result of the disk tilt. This finding, combined with the Kepler observation of V1504 Cyg and V344 Lyr, suggests that the disk tilt is responsible for modulating the outburst pattern in SU UMa-type dwarf novae. We also studied the deeply eclipsing WZ Sge-type dwarf nova MASTER OT J005740.99+443101.5 and found evidence of a sharp eclipse during the phase of early superhumps. The profile can be reproduced by a combination of the eclipse of the axisymmetric disk and the uneclipsed light source of early superhumps. This finding confirms the lack of evince of a greatly enhanced hot spot during the early stage of WZ Sge-type outburst. We detected growing (stage A) superhumps in MN Dra and give a suggestion that some of SU UMa-type dwarf novae situated near the critical condition of tidal instability may show long-lasting stage A superhumps. The large negative period derivatives reported in such systems can be understood a result of the combination of stage A and B superhumps. The WZ Sge-type dwarf novae AL Com and ASASSN-13ck showed a long-lasting (plateau-type) rebrightening. In the early phase of the rebrightening, both objects showed a precursor-like outburst, suggesting that the long-lasting rebrightening is triggered by a precursor outburst.
    arXiv:1406.6428. 01/2014;
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Variability of the spin period of the white dwarf in the V405 Aur (RX J0558.0+5353) system using our observations and previously published maxima timings is analyzed. As the phase light curve contains two nearly equal photometric waves, one maximum was set as a "primary" one. The ephemeris for the maxima of the "spin variability" (due to rotation of the magnetized white dwarf) for recent seasons 2010-2012 is Tmax = HJD 2455882.470614(25)+0.00631314602(46)E. This corresponds to a significant negative trend at the "O-C" diagram. Due to significant gaps in the observational data and statistical error of timings, there may be some suggestions on the spin period variability - a fast period "jump" in 2007y; secular period variations; a cubic ephemeris (which may be interpreted by a precession of the magnetic white dwarf at a time-scale of decades) or a periodic change with a period of 6.2 years and semi-amplitude of 17.2\pm1.8 sec. For the present observations, more reliable are two latter models. To distinguish between them, a continuation of monitoring is needed. The periodic variations may be interpreted by a light time effect caused by a third body of mass (M3 > 0.09M\odot), which corresponds to a low-mass star, but not to an extra-solar planet. In this case, the system belongs to a rare class of cataclysmic variables with a third body.
    08/2013;
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We report on photometric observations of WZ Sge-type dwarf novae, MASTER OT J211258.65+242145.4 and MASTER OT J203749.39+552210.3 which underwent outbursts in 2012. Early superhumps were recorded in both systems. During superoutburst plateau, ordinary superhumps with a period of 0.060291(4) d (MASTER J211258) and of 0.061307(9) d (MASTER J203749) in average were observed. MASTER J211258 and MASTER J203749 exhibited eight and more than four post-superoutburst rebrightenings, respectively. In the final part of the superoutburst, an increase in the superhump periods was seen in both systems. We have made a survey of WZ Sge-type dwarf novae with multiple rebrightenings, and confirmed that the superhump periods of WZ Sge-type dwarf novae with multiple rebrightenings were longer than those of WZ Sge-type dwarf novae without a rebrightening. Although WZ Sge-type dwarf novae with multiple rebrightenings have been thought to be the good candidates for period bouncers based on their low mass ratio (q) from inferred from the period of fully grown (stage B) superhumps, our new method using the period of growing superhumps (stage A superhumps), however, implies higher q than those expected from stage B superhumps. These q values appear to be consistent with the duration of the stage A superoutbursts, which likely reflects the growth time of the 3:1 resonance. We present a working hypothesis that the small fractional superhump excesses for stage B superhumps in these systems may be explained as a result that a higher gas pressure effect works in these systems than in ordinary SU UMa-type dwarf novae. This result leads to a new picture that WZ Sge-type dwarf novae with multiple rebrightenings and SU UMa-type dwarf novae without a rebrightening (they are not period bouncers) are located in the same place on the evolutionary track.
    07/2013;
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Continuing the project described by Kato et al. (2009, PASJ, 61, S395), we collected times of superhump maxima for 86 SU UMa-type dwarf novae, mainly observed during the 2011-2012 season. We confirmed general trends recorded in our previous studies, such as the relation between period derivatives and orbital periods. There are some systems showing positive period derivatives despite the long orbital period. We observed the 2011 outburst of the WZ Sge-type dwarf nova BW Scl, and recorded an O - C diagram similar to those of previously known WZ Sge-type dwarf novae. The WZ Sge-type dwarf nova OT J184228.1+483742 showed an unusual pattern of double outbursts composed of an outburst with early superhumps and one with ordinary superhumps. We propose an interpretation that a very small growth rate of the 3:1 resonance due to an extremely low mass-ratio led to quenching the superoutburst before the ordinary superhump appeared. We systematically studied ER UMa-type dwarf novae, and found that V1159 Ori showed positive superhumps similar to ER UMa in the 1990s. The recently recognized ER UMa-type object BK Lyn dominantly showed negative superhumps, and its behavior was very similar to the present-day state of ER UMa. The pattern of period variations in AM CVn-type objects was very similar to that of short-period hydrogen-rich SU UMa-type dwarf novae, making them a helium analogue of hydrogen-rich SU UMa-type dwarf novae. SBS 1108+574, a peculiar hydrogen-rich dwarf nova below the period minimum, showed a very similar pattern of period variations to those of short-period SU UMa-type dwarf novae. The mass-ratio derived from the detected orbital period suggests that this secondary is a somewhat evolved star whose hydrogen envelope was mostly stripped during the mass-exchange. CC Scl, MASTER OT J072948.66+593824.4, and OT J173516.9+154708 showed only low-amplitude superhumps with complex profiles. These superhumps are likely to be a combination of two closely separated periods.
    Publications- Astronomical Society of Japan 01/2013; · 2.44 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Continuing the project described by Kato et al. (2009a, arXiv:0905.1757), we collected times of superhump maxima for SU UMa-type dwarf novae mainly observed during the 2012-2013 season. We found three objects (V444 Peg, CSS J203937 and MASTER J212624) having strongly positive period derivatives despite the long orbital period (Porb). By using the period of growing stage (stage A) superhumps, we obtained mass ratios for six objects. We characterized nine new WZ Sge-type dwarf novae. We made a pilot survey of the decline rate of slowly fading part of SU UMa-type and WZ Sge-type outbursts. The decline time scale was found to generally follow the expected Porb^(1/4) dependence and WZ Sge-type outbursts also generally follow this trend. There are some objects which show slower decline rates, and we consider these objects good candidates for period bouncers. We also studied unusual behavior in some objects, including BK Lyn which made a transition from an ER UMa-type state to the novalike (standstill) state in 2013 and unusually frequent occurrence of superoutbursts in NY Ser and CR Boo. We applied least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (Lasso) power spectral analysis, which has been proven to be very effective in analyzing the Kepler data, to ground-based photometry of BK Lyn and detected the dramatic disappearance of the signal of negative superhumps in 2013. We suggested that the mass-transfer rates did not vary strongly between the ER UMa-type state and novalike state in BK Lyn, and this transition was less likely caused by a systematic variation of the mass-transfer rate.
    Publications- Astronomical Society of Japan 01/2013; · 2.44 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We present results of CCD photometric study of the intermediate polars FO Aqr, EX Hya and RXS J180340.0+401214 = USNO-A2.0 1275-09738647 and corresponding corrected ephemerids.
    12/2012;
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Continuing the project described by Kato et al. (2009, arXiv:0905.1757), we studied 86 SU UMa-type dwarf novae. We confirmed the general trends such as the relation between period derivatives and orbital periods. There are some systems showing positive period derivatives despite the long orbital periods. We observed the 2011 outburst of the WZ Sge-type dwarf nova BW Scl, and recorded an O-C diagram similar to those of previously known WZ Sge-type dwarf novae. The WZ Sge-type dwarf nova OT J184228.1+483742 showed an unusual pattern of double outbursts composed of an outburst with early superhumps and one with ordinary superhumps. We propose an interpretation that a very small growth rate of the 3:1 resonance due to an extremely low mass-ratio led to a quenching of the superoutburst before the ordinary superhumps appeared. We studied ER UMa-type dwarf novae and found that V1159 Ori showed positive superhumps similar to ER UMa in the 1990s. The recently recognized ER UMa-type object BK Lyn dominantly showed negative superhumps, and its behavior was very similar to the present-day state of ER UMa. The pattern of period variations in AM CVn-type objects were very similar to short-period hydrogen-rich SU UMa-type dwarf novae, making them helium analogue of hydrogen-rich SU UMa-type dwarf novae. SBS 1108+574, a peculiar hydrogen-rich dwarf nova below the period minimum, showed a very similar pattern of period variations to those of short-period SU UMa-type dwarf novae. The mass-ratio derived from the detected orbital period suggests that this secondary is a somewhat evolved star whose hydrogen envelope was mostly stripped during the mass-exchange. CC Scl, MASTER OT J072948.66+593824.4 and OT J173516.9+154708 showed only low-amplitude superhumps with complex profiles. These superhumps are likely a combination of closely separated two periods.
    10/2012;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We present results of CCD photometric study of the intermediate polar FO Aqr based on observations obtained at the Baja Astronomical Observatory, Hungary, and at the Vihorlat Astronomical Observatory, Slovakia. We analysed variability of the spin period of the white dwarf in FO Aqr using our observations and previously published minima timings. The spin period is significantly shorter than before 2000.
    Advances in Astronomy and Space Physics. 03/2012;
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Two recently discovered variable stars (CzeV134 = GSC 3682 0018 = USNO-A2.0 1425-1870026 and CzeV135 = GSC 3682 2051 = USNO-A2.0 1425-1825909 = V1094 Cas), which have been identified in the field of the W UMa variable star BS Cas, are studied in the present paper. The phase curves and finding charts for these stars are presented. The ephemeris and other photometric parameters were computed. The phenomenological features indicate that the first star (CzeV134) is probably a low-amplitude RRc Lyrae - type variable star with the period P = 0.419794\pm0.000029 d and the initial epoch T0 = HJD2453236.50412\pm0.00056. The amplitude and the shape of the light curve are variable possibly indicating the Blazhko phenomenon. The second star (CzeV135) was classified as an EW-type binary system of subtype A. However, a {\beta} Lyrae type may not be excluded, as various classification parameters lie in a range of overlapping values for both classes. The period P=0.51429090\pm0.00000012 d and the initial epoch T0 = HJD2454543.7920\pm0.0006. The O'Connell effect is clearly visible. There are slight changes of this effect, noticeable while comparing different seasons of observations. O-C diagrams for these stars were analyzed.
    02/2012;
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Continuing the project described by Kato et al. (2009, PASJ, 61, S395), we collected the times of superhump maxima for 51 SU UMa-type dwarf novae, mainly observed during the 2010-2011 season. Although most of the new data for systems with short superhump periods basically confirmed the findings by Kato et al. (ibid.) and Kato et al. (2010, PASJ, 62, 1525), the long-period system GX Cas showed an exceptionally large positive-period derivative. An analysis of public Kepler data of V344 Lyr and V1504 Cyg yielded less-striking stage transitions. In V344 Lyr, there was a prominent secondary component growing during the late stage of superoutbursts, and this component persisted for at least two more cycles of successive normal outbursts. We also investigated the superoutburst of two conspicuous eclipsing objects: HT Cas and the WZ Sge-type object SDSS J080434.20+510349.2. Strong beat phenomena were detected in both objects, and late-stage superhumps in the latter object had an almost constant luminosity during repeated rebrightenings. The WZ Sge-type object SDSS J133941.11+484727.5 showed a phase reversal around the rapid fading from the superoutburst. The object showed a prominent beat phenomenon, even after the end of the superoutburst. A pilot study of superhump amplitudes indicated that the amplitude of superhumps is strongly correlated with the orbital period, and the dependence on the inclination is weak in systems with inclinations smaller than 80°.
    Publications- Astronomical Society of Japan 02/2012; · 2.44 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Continuing the project described by Kato et al. (2009, PASJ 61, S395, arXiv:0905.1757), we collected times of superhump maxima for 51 SU UMa-type dwarf novae mainly observed during the 2010-2011 season. Although most of the new data for systems with short superhump periods basically confirmed the findings by Kato et al. (2009) and Kato et al. (2010, PASJ 62, 1525, arXiv:1009.5444), the long-period system GX Cas showed an exceptionally large positive period derivative. An analysis of public Kepler data of V344 Lyr and V1504 Cyg yielded less striking stage transitions. In V344 Lyr, there was prominent secondary component growing during the late stage of superoutbursts, and the component persisted at least for two more cycles of successive normal outbursts. We also investigated the superoutbursts of two conspicuous eclipsing objects: HT Cas and the WZ Sge-type object SDSS J080434.20+510349.2. Strong beat phenomena were detected in both objects, and late-stage superhumps in the latter object had an almost constant luminosity during the repeated rebrightenings. The WZ Sge-type object SDSS J133941.11+484727.5 showed a phase reversal around the rapid fading from the superoutburst. The object showed a prominent beat phenomenon even after the end of the superoutburst. A pilot study of superhump amplitudes indicated that the amplitudes of superhumps are strongly correlated with orbital periods, and the dependence on the inclination is weak in systems with inclinations smaller than 80 deg.
    08/2011;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Z And is considered as a prototype symbiotic star. The binary composes of a late-type, M4.5 III, giant and a white dwarf accreting from the giant's wind on the 758-day orbit. From 2000 September, Z And started a series of outbursts with the main optical maxima in 2000 December, 2006 July and 2009 December. During the 2006 optical maximum, highly-collimated bipolar jets were detected for the first time. They were launched asymmetrically with respect to the reference wavelength of the spectral line. Their presence was transient, they disappeared by the end of 2006. During the following re-brightening, from the beginning of 2008 to its end, faint emission satellite components to the Hα and Hβ were observed again. The red component was enhanced relatively to its blue counterpart. During the recent 2009 major outburst, the mass ejection in the form of jet was indicated almost exclusively on the red side of the Hα line with velocities from +1000 (2009/10/01) to +1800 km s-1 (2010/01/05). During the light maxima, our high-time-resolution photometry revealed irregular waves in the star's brightness throughout a night(˜m 0.06mag),while in between the outbursts,they nearly disappeared. Evolution in the rapid photometric variability and asymmetric ejection of jets could be explained by a disruption of the inner parts of the disk ignited by radiation-induced warping of the disk.
    01/2011;
  • Source
    S. N. Udovichenko, P. A. Dubovsky, I. Kudzej
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The photometric CCD observations for RR Lyr type star DM Cyg in Astronomical stations near Odessa(Ukraine) and Kolonica(Slovakia) in 2008 and near Odessa in 2009 have been carried out. The light curves in V system were obtained and the frequency Fourier analyse was performed. From Fourier spectra of the light curves 18 frequencies were identified. The weak Blazhko effect was detected.
    Odessa Astronomical Publications. 12/2010;
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Continued from Kato et al. (2009, PASJ, 61, S395), we collected the times of superhump maxima for 68 SU UMa-type dwarf novae, mainly observed during the 2009-2010 season. The newly obtained data confirmed the basic findings reported in Kato et al. (ibid.): the presence of stages A-C and the predominance of positive period derivatives during stage B in systems with superhump periods shorter than 0.07 d. There was a systematic difference in the period derivatives for the systems with superhump periods longer than 0.075 d between this study and Kato et al. (ibid.). We suggest that this difference was possibly caused by a relative lack of frequently outbursting SU UMa-type dwarf novae in this period regime in the present study. We recorded a strong beat phenomenon during the 2009 superoutburst of IY UMa. A close correlation between the beat period and the superhump period suggests that the changing angular velocity of the apsidal motion of the elliptical disk is responsible for the variation of the superhump periods. We also described three new WZ Sge-type objects with established early superhumps and one with likely early superhumps. We suggest that two systems, VX For and EL UMa, are WZ Sge-type dwarf novae with multiple rebrightenings. The O - C variation in OT J213806.6+261957 suggests that the frequent absence of rebrightenings in very short-Porb objects can be the result of a sustained superoutburst plateau at the epoch when usual SU UMa-type dwarf novae return to quiescence, preceding a rebrightening. We also present a formulation for a variety of Bayesian extensions to traditional period analyses.
    Publications- Astronomical Society of Japan 12/2010; · 2.44 Impact Factor
  • I. Kudzej, P. A. Dubovsky
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The actual technical status of 1 meter Vihorlat National Telescope (VNT) at Astronomical Observatory at Kolonica Saddle is presented. Cassegrain and Nasmyth focus, autoguiding system, computer controlled focusing and fine movements and other improvements achieved recently. For two channel photoelectric photometer the system of channels calibration based on artificial light source is described. For CCD camera FLI PL1001E actually installed in Cassegrain focus we presents transformation coefficients from our instrumental to international photometric BVRI system. The measurements were done during regular observations when good photometry of the constant field stars was available. Before FLI camera acquisition we used SBIG ST9 camera. Transformation coefficients for this instrument are presented as well. In the second part of the paper we presents results of variable stars observations with 1 meter telescope in recent four years. The first experimental electronic measurements were done in 2006. Both with CCD cameras and with two channel photoelectric photometer. Starting in 2007 the regular observing program is in operation. There are only few stars suitable for two channel photoelectric photometer observation. Generally the photometer is better when fast brightness changes (time scale of seconds) must be recorded. Thus the majority of observations is done with CCD detectors. We presents an brief overview of most important observing programs: long term monitoring of selected intermediate polars, eclipse observations of SW Sex stars. Occasional observing campaigns were performed on several interesting objects: OT J071126.0+440405, V603 Aql, V471 Tau eclipse timings, Z And in outburst.
    Odessa Astronomical Publications. 12/2010;
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We present results of two-color photometric study of the newly discovered EW-type eclipsing binary star GSC 04370-00206 in the field of the intermediate polar MU Cam. CCD V,R observations were obtained in the Astronomical Observatories in Hlohovec, Baja and Kolonica in 2007-2009. Improved photometric elements for the primary minimum were determined: Min.BJD=2454805.75635+0.44264511(27)E. The range of the brightness variations is 13.79-14.13 (V) and 13.07-13.44 (R). The accuracy of the period determination is by a factor of ˜ 7, 000 times better than the one published by the discoverers based on only one night of observations. We report on the night-to-night variability of the shape of the light curve which is interpreted by a presence of spots in the atmosphere of one or both components (O'Connel effect).
    Odessa Astronomical Publications. 12/2010;