P van der Drift

University of Amsterdam, Amsterdamo, North Holland, Netherlands

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Publications (13)50.14 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We have constructed a 1.4-Mb P1 artificial chromosome/bacterial artificial chromosome (PAC/BAC) contig spanning the 17q breakpoint of a constitutional translocation t(1;17)(p36.2;q11.2) in a patient with neuroblastoma. Three 17q breakpoint-overlapping cosmids were identified and sequenced. No coding sequences were found in the immediate proximity of the 17q breakpoint. The PAC/BAC contig covers the region between the proximally located ACCN1 gene and the distally located TLK2 gene and SCYA chemokine gene cluster. The observation that the 17q breakpoint region could not be detected in any of the screened yeast artificial chromosome libraries and the localization of the 17q breakpoint in the vicinity of the distal breakpoints of two microdeletions in patients with neurofibromatosis type 1 suggest that this chromosomal region is genetically unstable and prone to rearrangements.
    Genes Chromosomes and Cancer 11/2002; 35(2):113-20. · 3.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Chromosomal region 1p36.2 harbors an intriguing gene cluster of about 1 Mb. In addition to normal high-copy-number repeats, this cluster consists entirely of locally repeated sequences among which there are tRNA and small nuclear RNA (snRNA) genes. In 23 PACs and YACs from the 1p36.2 cluster, we identified eight different copies of a sequence with about 97% homology to the macrophage stimulating protein (MSP) gene located on chromosomal band 3p21. These MSP-like (MSPL) sequences on 1p36.2 are scattered over the repeat region. Nucleotide substitutions and single nucleotide deletions in exons of all identified MSPL genes on 1p36.2 mark them as pseudogenes. We constructed a phylogenetic tree of these sequences with their most likely order of origin in evolution. MSP from 3p21 could be identified as the ancestral sequence, a copy of which was captured into the cluster of tRNA and snRNA genes on 1p36.2 about 6 million years (MY) ago. MSP subsequently coamplified with the other sequences in the cluster. Analysis of the DNA of 18 individuals shows that the MSPL copy number is polymorphic, with a range of four to seven or more copies per haploid genome. Analysis of corresponding clusters in macaque chromosomes indicated an age for the tRNA/snRNA cluster of at least 30 MY. The MSPL sequence thus functions as a probe for the more recent primate evolution of this cluster and suggests a continuation of its unusual activity over the last 6 MY.
    Genomics 12/1999; 62(1):74-81. · 3.01 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is a rare aggressive neuroendocrine tumor of the skin. Only little information is available on the genetic alterations occurring in this tumor. Cytogenetic studies thus far have not shown recurrent chromosomal changes, although various structural chromosome 1 rearrangements, including deletions, often leading to loss of distal 1p material appear to be frequent. We report on fluorescence in situ hybridization and loss of heterozygosity analyses of an MCC tumor and MCC cell line UISO. The present study has shown that two distinct regions in the most distal band 1p36 on the short arm of chromosome 1 can be implicated in MCC. One region at 1p36.3 was delineated by a distal deletion in the MCC tumor as a result of an unbalanced translocation, resulting in loss of all markers distal to ENO1. This region was previously shown to be deleted in different tumor types including neuroblastoma. In cell line UISO an insertion in 1p36.2 was identified. The insertion breakpoint indicates a second, more proximal, region on 1p involved in MCC. The insertion breakpoint was mapped within a cluster of repetitive tRNA and snRNA genes and thus could coincide with the constitutional 1p36 breakpoint previously reported in a patient with neuroblastoma.
    Genes Chromosomes and Cancer 10/1998; 23(1):67-71. · 3.55 Impact Factor
  • Genes Chromosomes & Cancer - GENE CHROMOSOME CANCER. 01/1998; 23(1):67-71.
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    ABSTRACT: Deletions and translocations resulting in loss of distal 1p-material are known to occur frequently in advanced neuroblastomas. Fluorescence in situ hybridisation (FISH) showed that 17q was most frequently involved in chromosome 1p translocations. A review of the literature shows that 10 of 27 cell lines carry 1;17 translocations. Similar translocations were also observed in primary tumours. Together with the occurrence of a constitutional 1;17 translocation in a neuroblastoma patient, these observations suggest a particular role for these chromosome re-arrangements in the development of neuroblastoma. Apart from the loss of distal 1p-material, these translocations invariably lead to extra copies of 17q. This also suggested a possible role for genes on 17q in neuroblastoma tumorigenesis. Further support for this hypothesis comes from the observation that in those cell lines without 1;17 translocations, other chromosome 17q translocations were present. These too lead to extra chromosome 17q material. Molecular analysis of 1;17 translocation breakpoints revealed breakpoint heterogeneity both on 1p and 17q, which suggests the involvement of more than 2 single genes on 1p and 17q. The localisation of the different 1p-breakpoints occurring in 1;17 translocations in neuroblastoma are discussed with respect to the recently identified candidate tumor suppressor regions and genes on 1p. In this study, we focused on the molecular analysis of the 17q breakpoints in 1;17 translocations. Detailed physical mapping of the constitutional 17q breakpoint allowed for the construction of a YAC contig covering the breakpoint. Furthermore, a refined position was determined for a number of 17q breakpoints of 1;17 translocations found in neuroblastoma cell lines. The most distal 17q breakpoint was identified in cell line UHG-NP and mapped telomeric to cosmid cCI17-1049 (17q21). This suggests that genes involved in a dosage-dependent manner in the development of neuroblastoma map in the distal segment 17q22-qter. Future studies aim at the molecular cloning of 1;17 translocation breakpoints and at deciphering the mechanisms leading to 1;17 translocations and possibly to the identification of neuroblastoma genes at or in the vicinity of these breakpoints.
    European Journal of Cancer 11/1997; 33(12):1974-8. · 5.06 Impact Factor
  • Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics - CANCER GENET CYTOGENET. 01/1997; 98(2):168-168.
  • European Journal of Cancer 01/1997; 33(12). · 5.06 Impact Factor
  • Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics - CANCER GENET CYTOGENET. 01/1996; 91(2):171-171.
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    ABSTRACT: Chromosomal band 1p36 probably harbours several neuroblastoma suppressor genes. A neuroblastoma patient has been described with a constitutional balanced translocation, t(1;17)(p36;q12-21). Cytogenetically, no loss of chromosomal material was visible. The 1p36 translocation breakpoint could therefore have inactivated one allele of a tumour suppressor gene, thus predisposing the patient to develop neuroblastoma. We localized this breakpoint by pulsed field gel electrophoresis, analysis of yeast artificial chromosomes, and fluorescence in situ hybridization. Here we report that the breakpoint is within a large cluster of small nuclear RNA U1 (RNU1) and some tRNA genes (TRE, TRN) on chromosomal band 1p36. The size of this cluster is over two megabases and it contains many other locally repeated sequences. Polyadenylated transcripts were identified for some of these sequences. In addition, the cluster is the target for integration of an adenovirus 5/SV40 hybrid virus. The translocation breakpoint maps distal of this viral integration site and proximal of marker PND.
    Genes Chromosomes and Cancer 10/1995; 14(1):35-42. · 3.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cytogenetic and molecular studies in neuroblastoma suggest the presence of a tumor suppressor gene at the distal band p36 of human chromosome 1. We described a constitutional translocation t(1;17)(p36;q12-q21), involving the critical region 1p36, in a patient with neuroblastoma, and hypothesized that the translocation predisposed the patient to tumor development. Here we report the molecular delineation of the translocation breakpoints. Somatic cell hybrids were generated by fusion of the patient's fibroblasts with the thymidine kinase deficient hamster cell line, a3. In hybrid cell lines which retained the human derivative chromosomes, the position of chromosome 1p and 17q DNA probes respective to the translocation breakpoints was determined by fluorescence in situ hybridization and Southern blot analysis. The chromosome 1p breakpoint was localized within a repetitive region encoding t-RNA genes, with 12A-2 (PND) as most distal and pHE2.6 (A12M2) as most proximal single-copy breakpoint flanking markers. For the chromosome 17 breakpoint, the proximal and distal flanking markers were identified as 7G4 (NF1) and cMCP-3 (SCYA7), respectively. In this study, cMCP-3 (SCYA7), encoding the human monocyte chemotactic protein-3, was mapped between NF1 and ERBB2. As a pivotal step towards breakpoint cloning, at present these flanking markers optimally delineate the breakpoint regions of both chromosomes 1 and 17 at the molecular level.
    Oncogene 04/1995; 10(6):1087-93. · 8.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cytogenetic and molecular studies in neuroblastoma suggest the presence of a tumour suppressor gene at the distal chromosome band 1p36. Previously, we hypothesised that a constitutional translocation involving the region 1p36 [t(1;17)(p36;q12-q21)] in a patient with neuroblastoma predisposed him to tumour development. Here we report the molecular delineation of the translocation breakpoints. Somatic cell hybrids containing the derivative chromosomes were used to determine the position of chromosome 1p and 17q DNA probes respective to the breakpoints using fluorescence in situ hybridisation. The 1p breakpoint was localised between the PND and D1S56 loci. The chromosome 17q breakpoint is flanked by NF1 and SCYA7, as proximal and distal marker, respectively. We redefined the translocation as t(1;17)(p36.31-13;q11.2-q12). The identification of flanking markers of the breakpoints is a prerequisite for breakpoint cloning and identification of a putative neuroblastoma suppressor gene.
    European Journal of Cancer 02/1995; 31A(4):523-6. · 5.06 Impact Factor
  • European Journal of Cancer 02/1995; 31A(4):538-41. · 5.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Adenovirus type 12 (Ad12) induces gaps at chromosomal bands 1p36, 1q21, 1q42–43 and 17q21 after infection of human embryonic kidney cells. Three of these bands harbour small nuclear RNA genes or pseudogenes, but the study of a possible relationship has been hampered by the lytic character of adenovirus infection. A non-lytic Ad5/SV40 hybrid virus preferentially integrates at 1p36 and the integration site has been cloned. Chromosomal band 1p36 encodes genes for small nuclear RNA U1 (RNU–1) and for the tRNAs of glutamlc acid (TRE) and asparaglne (TRN). Each of these genes Is encoded by 15–30 copies. We studied the organization of these genes and of the viral integration site by pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) and analysis of yeast artificial chromosomes (YACs). We show that RNU–1, TRE and TRN genes are scattered over a region of probably more than 2 Mb with intergenic distances of up to 125 kb. The Ad5/SV40 Integration site maps to Identical chromosomal Notl fragments as RNU–1 and TRE. Fine mapping of a YAC shows that the integration site is within 40–70 kb of genes for RNU–1, TRN and TRE.
    Human Molecular Genetics 01/1995; · 7.69 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

166 Citations
50.14 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1995–2002
    • University of Amsterdam
      • Faculty of Medicine AMC
      Amsterdamo, North Holland, Netherlands
  • 1999
    • Academisch Medisch Centrum Universiteit van Amsterdam
      Amsterdamo, North Holland, Netherlands
  • 1995–1998
    • Ghent University
      • Department of Pediatrics and Medical Genetics
      Gent, VLG, Belgium
  • 1997
    • Universitair Ziekenhuis Ghent
      • Centre for Medical Genetics
      Gand, Flanders, Belgium