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Publications (3)0 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Hashish was reported having either acute or chronic many adverse effects on human body. In this study we aimed to evaluate the probable adverse effects of hashish smoking on pulmonary artery pressure and thus relationship to pulmonary hypertension development in youth by using echocardiographic examination method. METHODS: 21 young patient (age 22.3±2.0) addicted to hashish smoking (duration 6±1.2 years) and 25 healthy youths (age 22.2±1.5) were evaluated echocardiographically. Pulmonary artery systolic pressure through tricuspid regurgitation via continuous wave Doppler and pulmonary wave acceleration time and ratio of pulmonary acceleration time to pulmonary wave ejection time was measured via Pulse wave Doppler by using echocardiography. Also presence of dyspnea was interrogated. Data were analyzed statistically by Mann Whitney-U test. RESULTS: In the comparison of definitive features of groups there is not any significant difference. Pulmonary hypertension was diagnosed in youths addicted to hashish because of raised pulmonary artery pressures, supported by diminished pulmonary acceleration time, diminished ratio of pulmonary acceleration time to ejection time when compared to healthy youths. Dyspnea on either exercise or rest was presented in youths addicted to hashish with 85%. CONCLUSION: In the youth addicted to hashish smoking is closely related to develop pulmonary hypertension due to hashish and its smoke. We brought up that with our echocardiographic findings. This adverse effect of hashish smoking on the lung and the respiratory system is to be emphasized on the seminars or panels to the youth. Also those patients should be consultated to the specialist of cardiology. Serial echocardiographic examination is recommended for development or progression of pulmonary hypertension. [TAF Prev Med Bull. 2008; 7(1): 25-30]
    TAF Preventive Medicine Bulletin. 01/2008;
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a major risk factor and also a component of metabolic syndrome. Its prevalence is closely related with social-cultural levels of a society. In this study we aimed to evaluate the blood pressure control in populations from lower (LSC) and higher social-cultural (HSC) subgroups of our society. METHOD: 53 and 36 hypertensive patients from societies with high and low social-cultural level, respectively. Systolic (SBP) and diastolic blood pressures (DBP), duration of the treatment, education and income levels of patients were recorded and analyzed. Independent samples t test and Pearson’s Chi-Square test were used for statistical analyses. RESULTS: Age (51,08±5,6 vs 55,5±5,9 <0,05), SBP (128,8±7,8 vs 142,8±15,11 <0,05), and DBP (81,6±6,3 vs 88,01±6,9, <0,05) were found significantly increased in LSC. Blood pressure was not under control in LSC. The education and income level were statistically lower in the patients with high blood pressures. Also, it was noticed that the onset of hypertension treatment was significantly delayed in LSC when compared to the HSC. CONCLUSION: Control of blood pressure could not be achieved by the current hypertension drug treatment in the patients living in lower social-cultural subgroup of our society. Hypertension should be more effectively treated and monitored in the patients living in rural areas in order to reduce the prevalence of stroke and cardiovascular disease. It should be one of the health policies in preventive health care. [TAF Prev Med Bull. 2008; 7(4): 333-338]
    TAF Preventive Medicine Bulletin. 01/2008;
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    ABSTRACT: AIM/BACKGROUND: In this study, we aimed to determine the effects of chronic smoking on aortic elasticity in healthy young individuals. METHODS: The study population was composed of healthy and moderately active 20 volunteer males (21.8±1.4 years old) who have smoked more than 10 cigarettes/day for at least 3 years and moderately active (Smoker Group). Twenty five healthy males were enrolled to the study as the control group (21.6 ±1.5 years old). Heart rate, systolic and diastolic blood pressures (SBP, DBP) of each subject were measured. Systolic and diastolic diameters of aorta were measured from ascending aorta at modified parasternal long axis views by M mode echocardiography. Parameters of aortic elasticity such as aortic strain (AS), aortic distensibility (AD) and stiffness index beta (SIB) were calculated using standart formulas. The parameters of groups were compared to each other. RESULTS: In the smoker group the mean duration of smoking and number of cigarettes were 5.5±1.9 years and 16.2±3.8 cigarettes per day, respectively. We did not find any statistical difference between groups in terms of ejection fraction, heart rate, SBP, and DBP. Aortic Strain and Aortic Distensibility were lower whereas stiffness index beta was higher in smoker group comparison to control group. CONCLUSION: In the conclusion, aortic elasticity was significantly decreased in chronically smoking healthy youths. [TAF Prev Med Bull. 2008; 7(2): 147-152]
    TAF Preventive Medicine Bulletin. 01/2008;