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Publications (4)20.28 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: To facilitate the development of PET radiopharmaceuticals labelled with the positron-emitting radioisotope copper-64 (t1/2=12.7h) we have developed a fully automated method for its regular productions. Using the 64Ni(p,n)64Cu nuclear reaction applied on a 16.5MeV PETtrace cyclotron the radioisotope is generated in good yields (up to 2GBq at end-of-synthesis) within 4h irradiations on nickel-64 (99.6% enrichment) plated onto a gold disk. Based on ion exchange chromatography an automated method has been devised for efficient extraction of the copper-64 in good radionuclide and chemical purity, with ICP-OES analysis determining the concentration of the copper to be 0.14–1.5ppm. The specific radioactivities of the copper-64 at end-of-synthesis were calculated to be 9.62–77GB/μmol. The copper-64 radioisotope obtained from this method was then applied to the radiosynthesis of the hypoxia markers, 64Cu-ATSM and 64Cu-ATSE, which were obtained in good radiochemical yields of >95%.
    Inorganica Chimica Acta. 01/2010; 363(6):1316-1319.
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    ABSTRACT: The mitogenic extracellular kinase 1/2 (MEK1/2) inhibitor, PD0325901, has potent activity in a number of cancer cell types in vitro. In SKMEL-28 human melanoma cells (BRAF mutant), the drug rapidly decreased phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2, cyclin D1, and thymidine kinase 1 protein levels. We investigated if 3'-deoxy-3'-[18F]fluorothymidine-positron emission tomography ([18F]FLT-PET) could be used to image changes in cell proliferation following MEK1/2 inhibition in vivo. Mice bearing SKMEL-28 and human colon cancer HCT116 (K-RAS mutant) xenografts were treated daily with PD0325901 at 25 mg/kg and imaged by dynamic [18F]FLT-PET after 1 and 10 days of initiating treatment. The drug decreased tumor [18F]FLT uptake after 1 and 10 days of treatment compared with control animals. The normalized (maximal) [18F]FLT uptake in SKMEL-28 xenografts (at 60 minutes; NUVmax) after 1 day of vehicle or PD0325901 therapy was 1.81 +/- 0.18 versus 1.23 +/- 0.10, respectively (P = 0.03). In this model, NUVmax after 10 days was 2.07 +/- 0.40 versus 1.08 +/- 0.14, respectively (P = 0.03). The corresponding values for HCT116 tumors were 2.30 +/- 0.84 versus 1.88 +/- 0.36 (P = 0.045) after 1 day, and 1.97 +/- 0.13 versus 1.00 +/- 0.03 (P = 0.03) after 10 days. Similar changes were found for other [18F]FLT retention variables. The drug decreased phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2, cyclin D1, and thymidine kinase 1 protein. Tumor [18F]FLT-PET variables correlated with proliferation as measured by Ki67 labeling index (r > or = 0.6; P > or = 0.003). In summary, [18F]FLT-PET is a sensitive imaging biomarker for detecting the antiproliferative effect of MEK1/2 inhibition by PD0325901.
    Molecular Cancer Therapeutics 10/2008; 7(9):3112-21. · 5.60 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The assessment of tissue-specific pharmacodynamics is desirable in the development of tumor-targeted therapies. Plasma deoxyuridine (dUrd) levels, a measure of systemic thymidylate synthase (TS) inhibition, has limited application for studying the pharmacodynamics of novel TS inhibitors targeted to the high affinity alpha-folate receptor (FR). Here, we have evaluated the utility of [(18)F]fluorothymidine positron emission tomography ([(18)F]FLT-PET) for imaging the tissue pharmacodynamics of BGC 945, an FR-targeted antifolate TS inhibitor; the nontargeted antifolate BGC 9331 was used for comparison. TS inhibition by both drugs induced a concentration-dependent increase in [(3)H]thymidine uptake in FR-positive human epidermoid KB cells. Membrane-associated equilibrative nucleoside transporter type 1 levels increased from 55,720 +/- 6,101 to 118,700 +/- 5,193 and 130,800 +/- 10,800 per cell at 100 mug/mL of BGC 9331 and BGC 945, respectively, suggesting this as a potential mechanism of increased nucleoside uptake. In keeping with these in vitro findings, tumor [(18)F]FLT accumulation in KB xenografts increased by >/=2-fold after drug treatment with maximal levels at 1 to 4 hours and 4 to 24 hours after BGC 9331 and BGC 945 treatment, respectively. Of interest to FR targeting, BGC 9331, but not BGC 945, induced accumulation of [(18)F]FLT uptake in intestine, a proliferative and TS-responsive tissue. For both drugs, quantitative changes in tumor [(18)F]FLT uptake were associated with increased tumor dUrd levels. In conclusion, we have validated the utility of [(18)F]FLT-PET to image TS inhibition induced by antifolates and shown the tumor-specific activity of BGC 945. This imaging biomarker readout will be useful in the early clinical development of BGC 945.
    Cancer Research 05/2008; 68(10):3827-34. · 9.28 Impact Factor
  • Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow & Metabolism 07/2005; · 5.40 Impact Factor