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ABSTRACT: Five hundred and nineteen members of the Movement Disorder Society completed a 22-item questionnaire probing diagnostic and management issues in psychogenic movement disorders (PMD). When patients showed definite evidence of PMD with no other unexplained clinical features, approximately 20% said they informed patients of the diagnosis and requested no further neurological testing. The 51% who reported conducting standard neurological investigations to rule out organic causes before presenting the diagnosis to such patients had fewer years of fellowship training and fewer PMD patients seen per month. A non-PMD diagnosis was correlated with patients' normal social or personal functioning, little or no employment disruption, lack of non-physiologic findings, and lack of psychiatric history. Ongoing litigation was more predictive of the PMD diagnosis for US compared to non-US respondents. Two thirds of respondents, more commonly younger and academic clinician researchers, refer PMD patients to a psychiatrist or mental health specialist while also providing personal follow up. Physician reimbursement, insurability of PMD patients, and ongoing litigation interfered with managing PMD patients to a greater extent in the US compared to non-US countries. Acceptance of the diagnosis by the patient and identification and management of psychological stressors and concurrent psychiatric disorders were considered most important for predicting a favorable prognosis. These findings suggest that expert opinions and practices related to diagnosing and managing PMD patients differ among movement disorders neurologists. Some of the discrepancies may be accounted for by factors such as training, type of practice, volume of patients, and country of practice, but may also reflect absence of practice guidelines.
Movement Disorders 06/2009; 24(9):1366-74. · 4.56 Impact Factor
NeuroImage 01/2009; 47. · 6.25 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Orthostatic tremor (OT) is a disabling movement disorder associated with postural and gait impairment in the elderly. Medical therapy often yields insufficient benefit. We report the clinical and electrophysiological data on two patients with medication-refractory OT treated with deep brain stimulation of the ventral intermediate thalamic nucleus (Vim DBS). Patient 1 underwent bilateral deep brain stimulation (DBS) and Patient 2 unilateral Vim DBS following 28 and 30 years of disease duration, respectively. Both patients showed increased latency to symptom onset after rising from a seated position, improved tolerance for prolonged standing, and slower crescendo of tremor severity when remaining upright. Postoperative evaluation demonstrated decreased amplitude of electromyographic activity with persistence of well-defined oscillatory behavior showing strong coherence at 15 Hz between all muscles tested in the upper and lower limbs. Postural sway was unchanged. Clinical benefits have been sustained for over 18 months in Patient 1, and receded after 3 months in Patient 2. These findings support the consideration of bilateral Vim DBS implantation as a therapeutic option in patients with medically refractory OT. Further efficacy studies on chronic stimulation to disrupt the abnormal oscillatory activity in this disorder are warranted.
Movement Disorders 09/2008; 23(16):2357-62. · 4.56 Impact Factor