[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Fructans are the main storage carbohydrates of temperate grasses, sustaining regrowth immediately after defoliation, as well as contributing to the nutritive value of feed. Fructan metabolism is based on the substrate sucrose and involves fructosyltransferases (FTs) for biosynthesis and fructan exohydrolases (FEHs) for degradation. Sucrose is also utilized by invertases (INVs), which hydrolyse it into its constituent monosaccharides for use in metabolism. The isolation, molecular characterization, functional analysis, and phylogenetic relationships of genes encoding FTs, FEHs, and INVs from temperate grasses are reviewed, with an emphasis on perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.). The roles these enzymes play in fructan accumulation and remobilization, and future biotechnological applications in molecular plant breeding are discussed.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: An invertase (LpFT2) cDNA from perennial ryegrass was isolated and sequenced. Nucleotide sequence analysis revealed an ORF of 2016 bp encoding a protein of 671 amino acids. LpFT2 is 76% identical to sugarcane soluble acid invertase, and contains invertase and fructosyltransferase functional domains. LpFT2 is present as a single copy gene and maps to the distal region of LG6 in perennial ryegrass. The expression pattern analysis of LpFT2 revealed transcript accumulation in seedlings and in mature leaf sheaths. The LpFT2 recombinant protein expressed in yeast showed invertase and fructan exohydrolase-like activities with complete breakdown of sucrose, 1-kestose (DP3), 1,1-kestotetraose (DP4) and 1,1,1-kestopentaose (DP5) into glucose and fructose.