Nasim Shweke

UPMC, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States

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Publications (6)28.6 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1) is a 450-kDa matricellar glycoprotein. By its various domains, it can interact with various partners and exhibit anti-angiogenic, pro-apoptotic and immunomodulatory activities. TSP-1 is also a major endogenous activator of the pro-fibrotic growth factor TGF-β. In healthy adult renal parenchyma, TSP-1 expression is very scarce and limited to Bowman's capsule and interstitium. During nephropathies, many cell types can express or secrete TSP-1 (mesangial, endothelial, smooth muscle, tubular cells, podocytes and fibroblasts) depending on the nature of injury and the evolutive stage of the disease. Inhibition of the different domains of TSP-1 using specific antibodies or peptides, blockade of TSP-1 expression by antisense oligonucleotides and use of knock-out mice, allowed to identify the role of TSP-1 in various models of experimental nephropathy. All these studies demonstrated a deleterious effect of TSP-1 on renal repair by inducing TGF-β and fibrosis, decreasing VEGF and capillary density, and enhancing inflammatory cells recruitment. Thus, TSP-1 represents a potential therapeutic target for the management of chronic kidney diseases.
    Medecine sciences: M/S 12/2013; 29(12):1131-7. · 0.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1) is an endogenous activator of transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β), and an anti-angiogenic factor, which may prevent kidney repair. Here we investigated whether TSP-1 is involved in the development of chronic kidney disease using rats with unilateral ureteral obstruction, a well-known model to study renal fibrosis. Obstruction of 10 days duration induced inflammation, tubular cell atrophy, dilation, apoptosis, and proliferation, leading to interstitial fibrosis. TSP-1 expression was increased in parallel to that of collagen III and TGF-β. Relief of the obstruction at day 10 produced a gradual improvement in renal structure and function, the reappearance of peritubular capillaries, and restoration of renal VEGF content over a 7- to 15-day post-relief period. TSP-1 expression decreased in parallel with that of TGF-β1 and collagen III. Mice in which the TSP-1 gene was knocked out displayed less inflammation and had better preservation of renal tissue and the peritubular capillary network compared to wild-type mice. Additional studies showed that the inflammatory effect of TSP-1 was mediated, at least in part, by monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 and activation of the Th17 pathway. Thus, TSP-1 is an important profibrotic and inflammatory mediator of renal disease. Blockade of its action may be a treatment against the development of chronic kidney disease.
    Kidney International 03/2012; 81(12):1226-38. · 8.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Intravenous injection of angiogenesis-inhibitor drugs is used widely to treat cancers. Associated renal complications primarily involve proteinuria and hypertension, and thrombotic microangiopathies also have been described. Intravitreal anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) therapy currently is used by ophthalmologists to treat neovascularization in age-related macular degeneration. However, there is some evidence that intravitreal anti-VEGF injections may result in systemic absorption, with the potential for injury in organs that are reliant on VEGF, such as the kidney. We report the first case to our knowledge of a patient who developed an acute decrease in kidney function, nonimmune microangiopathic hemolytic anemia with schistocytes, and thrombocytopenia after 4 intravitreal injections of ranibizumab. Light microscopy of a kidney biopsy specimen showed segmental duplications of glomerular basement membranes with endothelial swelling and several recanalized arteriolar thrombi. Because of the increasing use of intravitreal anti-VEGF agents, ophthalmologists and nephrologists should be aware of the associated risk of kidney disease. Early detection is crucial so that intravitreal injections can be stopped before severe kidney disease occurs.
    American Journal of Kidney Diseases 02/2011; 57(5):756-9. · 5.29 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The need for novel insights into the mechanisms of progression of renal disease has become urgent during the last several years because of the increasing incidence of chronic renal disease worldwide. Independent of the underlying disease, the subsequent progression of renal fibrosis is characterized mainly by both an exaggerated synthesis and abnormal accumulation of extracellular matrix proteins produced by mesenchymal cells within the kidney. These cells are mainly myofibroblasts deriving from a variety of renal cells such as vascular smooth muscle, mesangial, resident stem, tubular epithelial, vascular endothelial cells or pericytes. The appearance of myofibroblasts is a reversible process, as suggested by studies in experimental models showing regression of renal fibrosis during therapy with antagonists and/or blockers of the renin-angiotensin system. An additional factor that can also affect the mechanisms of progression/regression of fibrosis is the plasticity of podocytes controlling glomerular filtration.
    International Journal of Experimental Pathology 02/2011; 92(3):151-7. · 2.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), an endogenous nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitor, is accumulated in plasma during chronic kidney disease (CKD). It is considered an independent mortality and cardiovascular risk factor in CKD patients. To test the involvement of ADMA in CKD progression, we investigated the effects of chronic ADMA administration on renal structure and compared these effects with NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) treatment, a widely used exogenous inhibitor of NOS that induces CKD. Three groups of uninephrectomized mice were studied: ADMA (60 mg/kg per day), L-NAME (60 mg/kg per day), and isotonic saline (control) were infused through osmotic mini-pumps for 8 weeks. ADMA and L-NAME induced hypertension (PAS 167 ± 16 and 168 ± 10 versus 100 ± 4 mmHg, p < 0.01, respectively). High level of ADMA was associated with increased renal oxidative stress. ADMA treatment induced glomerular and vascular fibrosis as evidenced by the elevated deposits of collagen I, III, and fibronectin (p < 0.01). A similar profile was observed in the L-NAME group. Mice treated with ADMA had reduced peritubular capillaries versus controls (p < 0.01). Collagen I mRNA expression and renal TGF-β1 concentrations were higher in the ADMA and L-NAME groups. Increased level of TGF-β1 was associated with a significant rise of HIF-1α and endothelin-1 expression. These results demonstrate for the first time that elevated concentrations of ADMA are associated with the development of renal fibrosis. These data suggest that in pathophysiological conditions of endothelial dysfunction, the exaggerated endogenous synthesis of ADMA could contribute to CKD progression by favouring hypertension, extracellular matrix synthesis, and rarefaction of peritubular capillaries.
    The Journal of Pathology 01/2011; 223(1):37-45. · 7.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Renal fibrosis is defined by the exaggerated accumulation of extracellular matrix proteins. Tissue transglutaminase (TG2) modifies the stability of extracellular matrix proteins and renders the extracellular matrix resistant to degradation. In addition, TG2 also activates transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta). We investigated the involvement of TG2 in the development of renal fibrosis using mice with a knockout of the TG2 gene (KO). These mice were studied at baseline and 12 days after unilateral ureteral obstruction, which induced a significant increase in interstitial TG2 expression in wild-type mice (P < 0.001). Interstitial fibrosis was evident in both groups, but total and fibrillar collagen was considerably lower in KO mice as compared with wild-type (P < 0.001). Similarly, mRNA and protein expression of collagen I were significantly lower in KO animals (P < 0.05). A statistically significant reduction in renal inflammation and fewer myofibroblasts were observed in KO mice (P < 0.01). Free active TGF-beta was decreased in KO mice (P < 0.05), although total (active + latent) TFG-beta concentration did not differ between groups. These results show that mice deficient in TG2 are protected against the development of fibrotic lesions in obstructive nephropathy. This protection results from reduced macrophage and myofibroblast infiltration, as well as from a decreased rate of collagen I synthesis because of decreased TGF-beta activation. Our results suggest that inhibition of TG2 may provide a new and important therapeutic target against the progression of renal fibrosis.
    American Journal Of Pathology 09/2008; 173(3):631-42. · 4.60 Impact Factor